Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy?
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is a form of talk therapy that focuses on identifying and challenging irrational thoughts in order to change one’s behavior. This type of therapy was developed by Albert Ellis, a prominent psychologist who specialized in cognitive-behavioral approaches to psychotherapy. REBT works by helping people identify the underlying thoughts and beliefs that are causing their emotional distress, then replacing them with more realistic and rational ones. The goal is for individuals to be able to respond differently when faced with difficult situations so that they can reduce their negative emotions and make positive choices instead.REBT involves using techniques such as cognitive restructuring, reframing, disputing irrational beliefs, distraction techniques, relaxation exercises, problem solving skills training, guided self-talk/affirmations, contingency management plans (rewards or punishments contingent on certain behaviors or outcomes), activity scheduling/activation strategies (scheduling activities during times when an individual is feeling down), assertiveness training (learning how to express oneself in appropriate ways). It also uses role play scenarios where clients can practice new behaviors in a safe environment. Furthermore this approach encourages clients to take responsibility for their own feelings rather than blaming others for them. Overall REBT helps people become aware of the irrational thoughts that lead to unpleasant feelings. Once these unhealthy thought patterns have been identified and challenged through questioning the validity of these ideas it often leads someone to think more rationally which enables them to act more effectively in any given situation allowing them experience less distress while making better decisions overall.