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Intro to Psychology Chapter 13

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Behavioral therapy rests on the notion that abnormal behavior _____
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is learned and can therefore be unlearned with the appropriate behavioral techniques.
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_____ works to change maladaptive behaviors by looking for, challenging, and then changing the irrational beliefs that underlie those maladaptive behaviors.
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Rational emotive behavior therapy
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The goal of person-centered therapy is to _____
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help the person get back on the path of self-actualization.
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_____ uses psychological rather than biological means to treat psychological disorders.
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Psychotherapy
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When utilizing systematic desensitization, clients are trained in _____, which becomes a vital component to the treatment.
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progressive muscle relaxation
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_____ are defined as therapies that attempt to improve clients’ interpersonal relationships or create new relationships to support clients’ efforts to address psychological problems.
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Relationship therapies
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Insight therapies work by increasing an individual’s understanding of his/her own _____
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thoughts, behaviors, coping mechanisms, emotions, and motives.
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_____ aims at helping individuals overcome cognitive errors.
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Beck’s cognitive therapy (CT)
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Gestalt therapy was developed by _____
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Fritz Perls.
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Aaron Beck states that _____ occurs when clients believe that they are at fault for others’ behavior.
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personalization.
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A brief psychotherapy designed to help people with depression better understand and cope with problems relating to their interpersonal relationships defines _____
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interpersonal therapy (IPT)
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Based on the research, _____ seem(s) to be an effective treatment option for those who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
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anticonvulsant drugs
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Which of the following therapies is directive and is known for its use of the empty chair technique?
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gestalt therapy
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_____ developed person-centered therapy, which is based on the _____ school of thought.
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Carl Rogers; humanistic
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_____ has the goal of helping family members reach agreement on changes that will help heal the family unit, improve communication problems, and create more understanding and harmony within the group.
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Family therapy
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_____ attempt to uncover repressed childhood experiences that are thought to explain a patient’s current difficulties.
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Psychodynamic therapies
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_____ refers to the strong emotional reaction a patient has to the psychoanalyst, which demonstrates how the patient acts toward significant individuals in his/her life.
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Transference
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_____ focuses on a single problem and is often led by someone who is not a professional therapist.
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A self-help group
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_____ produce their effect by preventing an enzyme from breaking down serotonin and norepinephrine in the synapses.
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Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
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_____ is a behavior therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with a harmful or socially undesirable behavior until the behavior becomes associated with pain or discomfort.
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Aversion therapy