Pulmonology Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Pulmonology?
Pulmonology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system. This includes conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), emphysema, lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea and more. Pulmonologists are experts in diagnosing and treating these various complex respiratory disorders.The primary job of pulmonologists is to diagnose patients with suspected respiratory illnesses or conditions. They use a variety of methods to assess the patient’s condition including physical exams, chest X-rays, CT scans, lab tests and pulmonary function tests. Once they have accurately diagnosed a patient’s condition they can then begin to develop an appropriate course of treatment which may involve medications, lifestyle changes or even surgery depending upon the severity of the illness or disorder. To manage their patients’ care properly pulmonologists often work closely with other healthcare professionals such as internists (general medicine doctors), allergists/immunologists who specialize in allergies and immunological issues affecting breathing problems; critical care specialists who focus on intensive care for critically ill patients; radiologists who perform imaging studies; thoracic surgeons who treat diseases surgically; sleep medicine specialists for those cases involving issues with sleeping patterns due to respiratory problems; pathologists who analyze tissue samples from biopsies taken from lumps or lesions within the lungs; nutritionists for diet counseling regarding any nutritional deficiencies observed during testing; pharmacists for medication therapy management advice about drug selection when multiple drugs must be considered as part of a comprehensive plan for managing lung disease symptoms. Finally many pulmonologist also provide education programs designed to help people prevent certain types of acute or chronic lung disorders through better understanding preventive measures like quitting smoking or proper use of inhalers if needed etc.. These educational programs are important components in helping populations at risk learn how best to protect their health while still enjoying activities like sports without risking further damage to their airways due to overuse or misuse of inhalers etc…