Med Term- ch 20 – Flashcards

question
______ arises from mucus-producing cells in the bronchi and is the most common lung cancer in ___.
answer
Adenocarcinoma; women
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The root/combining form in the word angiogenesis means
answer
Blood vessel
question
Examination with an endoscope occurs in
answer
mediastinoscopy and thoracoscopy
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Implanting radioactive seed through tiny tubes directly into the tumor to give high doses of radiation to the tumor while reducing radiation exposure to the surrounding tissues is called
answer
Brachytherapy
question
The root/combining form in the word mammography means
answer
Breast
question
A type of screening test for breast cancer which uses a computer and scanning devices to create three-dimensional images of lesions seen on a mammogram so that a needle can be inserted accurately into the lesion is called a
answer
Stereotactic-guided biopsy
question
Of the following words, which one has an element meaning offspring?
answer
Progenitor
question
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning around?
answer
Periphery
question
Which of the following is a cancer arising from connective tissue cells?
answer
Sarcoma
question
A drug is labeled as cytotoxic. This means that it is
answer
Able to kill cells
question
The root/combining form in the word mediastinoscopy means
answer
Mediastinum
question
The abbreviation for the governmental agency that protects workers from environmental hazards is
answer
OSHA
question
A patient is scheduled for a pneumonectomy. What will the patient have done?
answer
The entire lung will be removed
question
Which of the following terms refers to a cancerous tumor of pigment-producing skin cells?
answer
Malignant melanoma
question
Exposure to pesticides increases a man's risk for cancer of the
answer
Prostate
question
Of the following words, which one means any abnormal swelling?
answer
Tumor
question
In the word bronchoalveolar, the suffix means
answer
Pertaining to
question
A test that can detect precancerous cells in the cervix of a female is a ______.
answer
Pap test
question
Which of the following words has an element meaning bone?
answer
Osteosarcoma
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The root/combining form -cid/e means
answer
To kill
question
______ is a simple and cost-effective method of identifying lung cancer cells.
answer
Sputum analysis
question
The percent of cancers that could be prevented by changes in lifestyle and the environment is ______.
answer
More than 50%
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In the word oncology, the root/combining form means
answer
Tumor
question
Chemotherapy can adversely affect the bone marrow by causing
answer
Anemia and clotting problems
question
The word benign means
answer
the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
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A medical specialist in the science dealing with cancer is a(n)
answer
Oncologist
question
PCBs, dioxins, and arsenic are examples of
answer
Environmental carcinogens
question
The suffix in the word asbestosis means
answer
Condition
question
Hodgkin disease is a cancer involving the
answer
Lymph nodes
question
Which of the following words means the invasion into a tissue or cell?
answer
Infiltration
question
Which of the following terms means one of a family of genes involved in cell growth that work in concert to cause cancer?
answer
Oncogene
question
Stereotactic radiosurgery uses a(n) ____ to deliver a single high dose of radiation.
answer
Gamma knife
question
Which of the following suffixes means tumor?
answer
-oma
question
Early cancer that has not invaded surrounding tissues is abbreviated as
answer
CIS
question
Which of the following words means spontaneously emitting alpha, beta, or gamma rays?
answer
Radioactive
question
Two words that have opposite meanings are
answer
Benign and cancerous
question
A regimen is a
answer
Program of treatment
question
Monthly self-examination should be done to detect which of the following cancers?
answer
Breast, testicular and skin
question
Cervical cancer, stomach cancer, and squamous cell skin cancer are examples of carcinomas originating from which cells?
answer
Epithelial
question
Men over the age of ____ should have an annual exam for _____ cancer.
answer
50; prostate
question
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning before?
answer
Progenitor
question
Obesity is said to be linked to about 10% of breast and colorectal cancers and up to 40% of kidney, esophageal, and endometrial cancers. Which of the following statements best describes the treatment of cancer in obese patients?
answer
Oncologists might consider weight loss as part of a treatment regimen.
question
The A in CEA stands for
answer
Antigen
question
A synonym for segmentectomy is
answer
Wedge resection
question
All of the following words have a word element meaning flesh EXCEPT
answer
Mesothelioma
question
A blood test for the detection of prostate cancer is the
answer
PSA
question
The suffix in the word carcinogen means
answer
Produce
question
In the word thoracoscopy, the root/combining form means
answer
Chest
question
The word which means capable of invading surrounding tissues and metastasizing to distant organs is
answer
Malignant
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A DRE is used to detect
answer
An enlarged prostate gland
question
The word lavage means
answer
Washing out a hollow cavity, tube or organ
question
Secondhand smoke is abbreviated as
answer
ETS
question
The word meaning transport of cancer cells through the bloodstream is ______ and its plural is ______.
answer
metastasis; metastases
question
A screening test to check for blood in the feces, which may indicate the presence of colon and rectal cancer, is a
answer
FOBT
question
Which of the following words has an element meaning cell?
answer
Cytotoxic
question
Which of the following words, meaning a radioactive agent used in diagnostic imaging, is spelled correctly?
answer
Radionuclide
question
Of the following words, which one has a suffix meaning process of recording?
answer
Scintigraphy
question
An MRI of the RUQ reveals an extremely virulent cancer. It might be
answer
Stage IV pancreatic cancer
question
Which of the following words has a suffix meaning surgical excision?
answer
Pneumonectomy
question
Which of the following words means pertaining to a new growth or tumor?
answer
Neoplastic
question
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning excessive?
answer
Hyperfractionated
question
How would you interpret the following statement in the patient's medical record: "The primary source of cancer spread through the blood to the pulmonary tissues"?
answer
The main tumor metastasized to the lungs.
question
_______ normally prevent mitosis and are activated by DNA damage to stop cell division.
answer
tumor supressor genes
question
Which of the following words come from the Latin meaning dirty?
answer
pollution
question
CEA, AMAS, and alpha-fetoprotein are
answer
biomarkers
question
The abbreviation for the government agency responsible for air and water quality is
answer
EPA
question
The C in NCI stands for
answer
Cancer
question
The root in the word apoptosis means
answer
falling
question
The root/combining form in the word antiangiogenesis means
answer
blood vessel
question
Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning crab?
answer
cancer
question
Which of the following is a specialist in the structural and functional changes of a disease process?
answer
pathologist
question
Which of the following terms means pertaining to the use of a light-sensitive drug with a laser beam to destroy cells?
answer
photodynamic
question
Which of the following words, meaning the origin and development of cancer, is spelled correctly?
answer
Carcinogenesis
question
The word meaning transport of cancer cells through the bloodstream is _________, and its plural is ______.
answer
metastasis; metastases
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question
______ arises from mucus-producing cells in the bronchi and is the most common lung cancer in ___.
answer
Adenocarcinoma; women
question
The root/combining form in the word angiogenesis means
answer
Blood vessel
question
Examination with an endoscope occurs in
answer
mediastinoscopy and thoracoscopy
question
Implanting radioactive seed through tiny tubes directly into the tumor to give high doses of radiation to the tumor while reducing radiation exposure to the surrounding tissues is called
answer
Brachytherapy
question
The root/combining form in the word mammography means
answer
Breast
question
A type of screening test for breast cancer which uses a computer and scanning devices to create three-dimensional images of lesions seen on a mammogram so that a needle can be inserted accurately into the lesion is called a
answer
Stereotactic-guided biopsy
question
Of the following words, which one has an element meaning offspring?
answer
Progenitor
question
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning around?
answer
Periphery
question
Which of the following is a cancer arising from connective tissue cells?
answer
Sarcoma
question
A drug is labeled as cytotoxic. This means that it is
answer
Able to kill cells
question
The root/combining form in the word mediastinoscopy means
answer
Mediastinum
question
The abbreviation for the governmental agency that protects workers from environmental hazards is
answer
OSHA
question
A patient is scheduled for a pneumonectomy. What will the patient have done?
answer
The entire lung will be removed
question
Which of the following terms refers to a cancerous tumor of pigment-producing skin cells?
answer
Malignant melanoma
question
Exposure to pesticides increases a man's risk for cancer of the
answer
Prostate
question
Of the following words, which one means any abnormal swelling?
answer
Tumor
question
In the word bronchoalveolar, the suffix means
answer
Pertaining to
question
A test that can detect precancerous cells in the cervix of a female is a ______.
answer
Pap test
question
Which of the following words has an element meaning bone?
answer
Osteosarcoma
question
The root/combining form -cid/e means
answer
To kill
question
______ is a simple and cost-effective method of identifying lung cancer cells.
answer
Sputum analysis
question
The percent of cancers that could be prevented by changes in lifestyle and the environment is ______.
answer
More than 50%
question
In the word oncology, the root/combining form means
answer
Tumor
question
Chemotherapy can adversely affect the bone marrow by causing
answer
Anemia and clotting problems
question
The word benign means
answer
the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
question
A medical specialist in the science dealing with cancer is a(n)
answer
Oncologist
question
PCBs, dioxins, and arsenic are examples of
answer
Environmental carcinogens
question
The suffix in the word asbestosis means
answer
Condition
question
Hodgkin disease is a cancer involving the
answer
Lymph nodes
question
Which of the following words means the invasion into a tissue or cell?
answer
Infiltration
question
Which of the following terms means one of a family of genes involved in cell growth that work in concert to cause cancer?
answer
Oncogene
question
Stereotactic radiosurgery uses a(n) ____ to deliver a single high dose of radiation.
answer
Gamma knife
question
Which of the following suffixes means tumor?
answer
-oma
question
Early cancer that has not invaded surrounding tissues is abbreviated as
answer
CIS
question
Which of the following words means spontaneously emitting alpha, beta, or gamma rays?
answer
Radioactive
question
Two words that have opposite meanings are
answer
Benign and cancerous
question
A regimen is a
answer
Program of treatment
question
Monthly self-examination should be done to detect which of the following cancers?
answer
Breast, testicular and skin
question
Cervical cancer, stomach cancer, and squamous cell skin cancer are examples of carcinomas originating from which cells?
answer
Epithelial
question
Men over the age of ____ should have an annual exam for _____ cancer.
answer
50; prostate
question
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning before?
answer
Progenitor
question
Obesity is said to be linked to about 10% of breast and colorectal cancers and up to 40% of kidney, esophageal, and endometrial cancers. Which of the following statements best describes the treatment of cancer in obese patients?
answer
Oncologists might consider weight loss as part of a treatment regimen.
question
The A in CEA stands for
answer
Antigen
question
A synonym for segmentectomy is
answer
Wedge resection
question
All of the following words have a word element meaning flesh EXCEPT
answer
Mesothelioma
question
A blood test for the detection of prostate cancer is the
answer
PSA
question
The suffix in the word carcinogen means
answer
Produce
question
In the word thoracoscopy, the root/combining form means
answer
Chest
question
The word which means capable of invading surrounding tissues and metastasizing to distant organs is
answer
Malignant
question
A DRE is used to detect
answer
An enlarged prostate gland
question
The word lavage means
answer
Washing out a hollow cavity, tube or organ
question
Secondhand smoke is abbreviated as
answer
ETS
question
The word meaning transport of cancer cells through the bloodstream is ______ and its plural is ______.
answer
metastasis; metastases
question
A screening test to check for blood in the feces, which may indicate the presence of colon and rectal cancer, is a
answer
FOBT
question
Which of the following words has an element meaning cell?
answer
Cytotoxic
question
Which of the following words, meaning a radioactive agent used in diagnostic imaging, is spelled correctly?
answer
Radionuclide
question
Of the following words, which one has a suffix meaning process of recording?
answer
Scintigraphy
question
An MRI of the RUQ reveals an extremely virulent cancer. It might be
answer
Stage IV pancreatic cancer
question
Which of the following words has a suffix meaning surgical excision?
answer
Pneumonectomy
question
Which of the following words means pertaining to a new growth or tumor?
answer
Neoplastic
question
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning excessive?
answer
Hyperfractionated
question
How would you interpret the following statement in the patient's medical record: "The primary source of cancer spread through the blood to the pulmonary tissues"?
answer
The main tumor metastasized to the lungs.
question
_______ normally prevent mitosis and are activated by DNA damage to stop cell division.
answer
tumor supressor genes
question
Which of the following words come from the Latin meaning dirty?
answer
pollution
question
CEA, AMAS, and alpha-fetoprotein are
answer
biomarkers
question
The abbreviation for the government agency responsible for air and water quality is
answer
EPA
question
The C in NCI stands for
answer
Cancer
question
The root in the word apoptosis means
answer
falling
question
The root/combining form in the word antiangiogenesis means
answer
blood vessel
question
Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning crab?
answer
cancer
question
Which of the following is a specialist in the structural and functional changes of a disease process?
answer
pathologist
question
Which of the following terms means pertaining to the use of a light-sensitive drug with a laser beam to destroy cells?
answer
photodynamic
question
Which of the following words, meaning the origin and development of cancer, is spelled correctly?
answer
Carcinogenesis
question
The word meaning transport of cancer cells through the bloodstream is _________, and its plural is ______.
answer
metastasis; metastases