Med Term- ch 20

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______ arises from mucus-producing cells in the bronchi and is the most common lung cancer in ___.
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Adenocarcinoma; women
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The root/combining form in the word angiogenesis means
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Blood vessel
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Examination with an endoscope occurs in
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mediastinoscopy and thoracoscopy
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Implanting radioactive seed through tiny tubes directly into the tumor to give high doses of radiation to the tumor while reducing radiation exposure to the surrounding tissues is called
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Brachytherapy
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The root/combining form in the word mammography means
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Breast
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A type of screening test for breast cancer which uses a computer and scanning devices to create three-dimensional images of lesions seen on a mammogram so that a needle can be inserted accurately into the lesion is called a
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Stereotactic-guided biopsy
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Of the following words, which one has an element meaning offspring?
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Progenitor
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Which of the following words has a prefix meaning around?
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Periphery
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Which of the following is a cancer arising from connective tissue cells?
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Sarcoma
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A drug is labeled as cytotoxic. This means that it is
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Able to kill cells
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The root/combining form in the word mediastinoscopy means
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Mediastinum
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The abbreviation for the governmental agency that protects workers from environmental hazards is
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OSHA
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A patient is scheduled for a pneumonectomy. What will the patient have done?
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The entire lung will be removed
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Which of the following terms refers to a cancerous tumor of pigment-producing skin cells?
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Malignant melanoma
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Exposure to pesticides increases a man’s risk for cancer of the
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Prostate
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Of the following words, which one means any abnormal swelling?
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Tumor
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In the word bronchoalveolar, the suffix means
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Pertaining to
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A test that can detect precancerous cells in the cervix of a female is a ______.
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Pap test
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Which of the following words has an element meaning bone?
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Osteosarcoma
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The root/combining form -cid/e means
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To kill
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______ is a simple and cost-effective method of identifying lung cancer cells.
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Sputum analysis
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The percent of cancers that could be prevented by changes in lifestyle and the environment is ______.
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More than 50%
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In the word oncology, the root/combining form means
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Tumor
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Chemotherapy can adversely affect the bone marrow by causing
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Anemia and clotting problems
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The word benign means
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the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
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A medical specialist in the science dealing with cancer is a(n)
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Oncologist
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PCBs, dioxins, and arsenic are examples of
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Environmental carcinogens
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The suffix in the word asbestosis means
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Condition
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Hodgkin disease is a cancer involving the
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Lymph nodes
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Which of the following words means the invasion into a tissue or cell?
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Infiltration
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Which of the following terms means one of a family of genes involved in cell growth that work in concert to cause cancer?
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Oncogene
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Stereotactic radiosurgery uses a(n) ____ to deliver a single high dose of radiation.
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Gamma knife
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Which of the following suffixes means tumor?
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-oma
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Early cancer that has not invaded surrounding tissues is abbreviated as
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CIS
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Which of the following words means spontaneously emitting alpha, beta, or gamma rays?
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Radioactive
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Two words that have opposite meanings are
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Benign and cancerous
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A regimen is a
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Program of treatment
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Monthly self-examination should be done to detect which of the following cancers?
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Breast, testicular and skin
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Cervical cancer, stomach cancer, and squamous cell skin cancer are examples of carcinomas originating from which cells?
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Epithelial
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Men over the age of ____ should have an annual exam for _____ cancer.
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50; prostate
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Which of the following words has a prefix meaning before?
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Progenitor
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Obesity is said to be linked to about 10% of breast and colorectal cancers and up to 40% of kidney, esophageal, and endometrial cancers. Which of the following statements best describes the treatment of cancer in obese patients?
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Oncologists might consider weight loss as part of a treatment regimen.
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The A in CEA stands for
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Antigen
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A synonym for segmentectomy is
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Wedge resection
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All of the following words have a word element meaning flesh EXCEPT
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Mesothelioma
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A blood test for the detection of prostate cancer is the
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PSA
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The suffix in the word carcinogen means
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Produce
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In the word thoracoscopy, the root/combining form means
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Chest
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The word which means capable of invading surrounding tissues and metastasizing to distant organs is
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Malignant
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A DRE is used to detect
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An enlarged prostate gland
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The word lavage means
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Washing out a hollow cavity, tube or organ
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Secondhand smoke is abbreviated as
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ETS
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The word meaning transport of cancer cells through the bloodstream is ______ and its plural is ______.
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metastasis; metastases
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A screening test to check for blood in the feces, which may indicate the presence of colon and rectal cancer, is a
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FOBT
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Which of the following words has an element meaning cell?
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Cytotoxic
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Which of the following words, meaning a radioactive agent used in diagnostic imaging, is spelled correctly?
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Radionuclide
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Of the following words, which one has a suffix meaning process of recording?
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Scintigraphy
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An MRI of the RUQ reveals an extremely virulent cancer. It might be
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Stage IV pancreatic cancer
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Which of the following words has a suffix meaning surgical excision?
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Pneumonectomy
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Which of the following words means pertaining to a new growth or tumor?
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Neoplastic
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Which of the following words has a prefix meaning excessive?
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Hyperfractionated
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How would you interpret the following statement in the patient’s medical record: “The primary source of cancer spread through the blood to the pulmonary tissues”?
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The main tumor metastasized to the lungs.
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_______ normally prevent mitosis and are activated by DNA damage to stop cell division.
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tumor supressor genes
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Which of the following words come from the Latin meaning dirty?
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pollution
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CEA, AMAS, and alpha-fetoprotein are
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biomarkers
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The abbreviation for the government agency responsible for air and water quality is
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EPA
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The C in NCI stands for
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Cancer
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The root in the word apoptosis means
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falling
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The root/combining form in the word antiangiogenesis means
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blood vessel
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Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning crab?
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cancer
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Which of the following is a specialist in the structural and functional changes of a disease process?
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pathologist
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Which of the following terms means pertaining to the use of a light-sensitive drug with a laser beam to destroy cells?
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photodynamic
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Which of the following words, meaning the origin and development of cancer, is spelled correctly?
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Carcinogenesis
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The word meaning transport of cancer cells through the bloodstream is _________, and its plural is ______.
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metastasis; metastases

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