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Psychology chap 15

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Which of the following settings seems to be the most favorable setting for the treatment of teen delinquency?
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family therapy
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Sally is working with a therapist to help reduce her disabling anxiety. Her therapist asks to her lie down on a couch and to allow her mind to wander. She asks her to report whatever comes to mind without monitoring its contents. This technique is called
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free association
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In rational emotive behavior therapy, an A-B-C model is used. What do these letters stand for?
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Activating eventâ—Š irrational Belief â—Š emotional Consequences
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Which of the following is the name of Albert Ellis’s approach to cognitive therapy that focuses on the elimination of self-defeating beliefs through logical examination?
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rational emotive behavior therapy
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Which of the following terms did Aaron Beck use to describe the tendency of depression-prone people to focus selectively on negative events while ignoring positive events?
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selective perception
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Tamika has a tendency to become depressed and is in therapy. Her therapist teaches her to actively test her thoughts and to identify and change dysfunctional thoughts. The therapist is also strongly encouraging Tamika to actively pursue pleasurable activities as part of her therapy. This type of therapy is most likely
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cognitive behavior therapy
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NOT one of the usual benefits of group therapy
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group sympathy for a patient complaints
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In psychoanalytic dream interpretation, the actual events of the dream are known as the _____ content.
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manifest
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_____ believes selective perception and other distorted thinking patterns cause depression
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Beck
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Cognitive therapy is effective for treating _____
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depression anxiety eating and substance-related disorders
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In __________, mistaken beliefs or misconceptions are actively disputed.
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rationalemotive behavior therapy
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According to rational emotive behavior therapy, a consequence such as depression or anxiety occurs as a result of a(n) ___________.
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irrational belief
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A client-centered therapist emphasizes the importance of empathy, unconditional positive regard, genuineness, and _____
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active listening
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The client is responsible for discovering his or her own maladaptive patterns in _____ therapy.
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humanistic
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A client-centered therapist would not say, “You’re right about that” because _____.
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it implies that the therapist is judging the client
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The main difference between a self-help group and group therapy is that the former
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does not have a professional leader
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A family therapist believes that the family’s scapegoat _____.
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being blamed for deeper family issues
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_____ pairs relaxation with a graduating hierarchy of anxiety-producing situations to extinguish the anxiety.
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Systematic desensitization
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Aversion therapy applies the principle of _____ by pairing an unpleasant stimulus with a maladaptive behavior to extinguish the behavior.
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operant conditioning
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Relaxation training is an important component in _____.
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systematic desensitization
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Asking clients with snake phobias to watch other (nonphobic) people handle snakes is an example of _____ therapy.
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modeling
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Tofranil, Elavil, Nardil, Parnate and Prozac are brand names for which type of drugs?
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antidepressants
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Benzodiazepines, such as Valium, belong to which of the following groups of drugs?
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antianxiety
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Which of the following disorders would most likely be treated with lithium carbonate?
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bipolar disorder
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Thorazine, Prolixin, Mellaril, Haldol, and Clozaril are brand names for drugs commonly used to treat which of the following disorders?
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schizophrenia
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Which of the following is a type of antidepressant drug?
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tricyclics monamine oxidase inhibitors selective serotonin inhibitors
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Which of the following types of antidepressant drugs are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants?
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selective serotonin uptake inhibitors
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Prolonged use of antipsychotic drugs can eventually have the side effects of a movement disorder called
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tardive dyskinesia
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How do antipsychotic drugs, like Thorazine, work?
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They appear to decrease activity at the dopamine synapses.
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ECT is now used primarily in the treatment of
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depression
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Tardive dyskinesia is thought to be a side effect of treatment with _____ medication.
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anypsychotic
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The original form of psychosurgery developed by Egaz Moniz disconnected the _______ lobes from the midbrain structures where emotional experiences are relayed.
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frontal
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Recent research on herbal drugs suggests
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St. John’s Wart may be an effective treatment for mild to moderate depression.
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___________ refers to an outmoded medical procedure for mental disorders, which involved cutting nerve pathways between the frontal lobes and the thalamus and hypothalamus
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labotomy
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____________ therapy is a biomedical therapy based on passing electrical current through the brain. It is used almost exclusively to treat serious depression when drug therapy does not work
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electoconvusive
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_____________ refers to operative procedures on the brain designed to relieve severe mental symptoms that have not responded to other forms of treatmen
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psychosurgery
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_____________ therapy refers to using physiological interventions, such as drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery, to reduce or alleviate symptoms of psychological disorder
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biomedical
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______________ refers to techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life
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psychotherapy
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Techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustement to life
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psychotherapy
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brings the unconscious conflicts into the conscious awareness
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psychoanalysis
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unconcious conflicts among the three parts of psych
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id, ego, superego
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psychoanalysis uses methods to trick the defense mechanism of the ego to relax and let the unconscious flow
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reporting whatever comes to mid without monitoring the content
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free association
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Surface content of a dream
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Manifest
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True meaning of a dream
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latent
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the core of all psychoanalic therapy
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interpretation
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two critism of psychoanalysis
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limited applicability lack of scientific credibility
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shorter meetings, face to face; formal style more directive approach; does not wait for unconscious does not focus on childhood problems focus on current problems and conscious issues
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psychodynamic therapy
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Rational emotive behavior therapy(REBT)
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Albert Ellis
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cognitive therapy to eliminate emotional problems through rational examination of irrational beliefs
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Rational emotive behavior therapy
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irrational beliefs are the primary culprit in emotion and behavior problems
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REBT approach is the ABCD approach
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Activating event Belief system Consequences Disputing
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Ellis explained about the MUSTS. They need to be confronted
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Beck focused on cognitive therapy involving depression
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selective perception overgeneralization magnification all or nothing thinking
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denying the unconsious overemphasizing minimizing the past
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critisism of cognitive therapy
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excellent for anxiety depression anger management addiction procrastination bulimia nurvosa some schizophrenia and insomnia
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Success of cognitive therapy
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removes obstacles that block personal growth and potential withing the individual
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Humanistic therapy
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Carl Rogers
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Humanistic therapist
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Carl Rogers clients are responsible for finding their own maladaptive patterns
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Client centered therapy
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Empathy Unconditional positive regard- genuine caring for pple based on thier innate value genuineness active listening
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Humanistic therapy focus on 4 qualities of communication
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decrease maladaptive behavior by creating new stimulus associations and behavioral responses to replace faulty ones
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using classical conditioning in behavior therapy
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aversion therapy
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using classical conditioning in behavior therapy
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increasing the good and decreasing the bad; shaping and reinforcements shaping helps with social skills
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operant conditioning in behavior therapy
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tardative dyskensia
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15 to 20 percent of patients, long term side effect of antipsychotic meds
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used to treat depression magnetic coil to the prefrontal cortex that regulates mood
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repetitive transcranial megnetic stimulation
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distured thoughts disturbed emotions disturbed behaviors interpersonal and life situation difficulties biomedical disturbances
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five goals of therapy