IB History Fidel Castro – Flashcards

question
Oct 1868
answer
First War of Independence (Ten Years War) begins
question
Feb 1895
answer
Jose Martí begins a Second War of Independence
question
July 1898
answer
USA defeats Spain in Spanish-American War; Cuba is ceded to the USA
question
March 1901
answer
the US Platt Amendment
question
May 1902
answer
Cuba becomes independent, under US 'protection'
question
May 1927
answer
Machado's dictatorship begins
question
Aug 1933
answer
Machado flees- de Céspedes becomes president
question
Sep 1933
answer
Sergeant's coup takes place, led by Batista; Grau becomes president
question
Jan 1934
answer
Batista increases power; Grau steps down; opposition is repressed
question
Aug 1940
answer
New constitution is passed
question
Oct 1940
answer
Batista is elected president
question
Jun 1944
answer
Batista is succeeded by Grau
question
Mar 1952
answer
Batista heads another coup
question
Jul 1953
answer
Castro launches an attack on the Moncada army barracks, "Manifesto of the Revolutionaries of Moncada to the Nation" is published
question
Oct 1953
answer
Castro makes his 'History will absolve me' speech
question
Jul 1955
answer
Castro goes to Mexico; 26 July Movement is formed
question
Mar 1956
answer
Castro writes a letter publicly announcing 26 July Movement
question
Dec 1956
answer
Castro's band of revolutionaries lands in Cuba; guerilla war begins in the Sierra Maestra mountains
question
May 1958
answer
Batista's unsuccessful offensive
question
Jul 1958
answer
Caracas Pact; communist PSP begins co-operation with the 26 July Movement
question
New Years Eve 1958
answer
Batista resigns and flees the island.
question
Jan 1959
answer
Castro enters Havana, Castro's movement takes power, Office of Revolutionary Plans and Co-ordination is established
question
Feb 1959
answer
Castro becomes prime minister
question
Mar 1959
answer
Nationalisation of public utilities; Castro makes his 'Proclamation against discrimination'
question
Apr 1959
answer
Castro announces suspension of elections
question
May 1959
answer
National Institute of Agrarian Reform (INRA) is set up
question
Jun 1959
answer
Agrarian Reform Act
question
Jul 1959
answer
Urrutia resigns as president; Osvaldo Dorticós takes over
question
Oct 1959
answer
Huber Matos and supporters are imprisoned
question
Feb 1960
answer
Trade deal is signed with Soviet Union
question
May 1960
answer
US oil companies in Cuba refuse to refine Soviet crude oil
question
April 1960
answer
Soviet crude oil is delivered
question
Jun 1960
answer
Castro nationalises US refineries (foreign oil refineries)
question
Jul 1960
answer
US reduces quota for Cuban sugar; Soviet Union agrees to buy the surplus
question
Aug 1960
answer
Main US businesses in Cuba are nationalised, Fedration of Cuban Women (FMC) is set up
question
Sep 1960
answer
Castro makes his 'First declaration of Havana' speech; all remaining US companies are nationalised, Committees for the Defence of the Revolution (CDRs) are set up
question
Nov 1960
answer
First US trade embargo on exports to Cuba
question
Feb 1961
answer
Guevara becomes minister of industries
question
Apr 1961
answer
Castro proclaims Cuba's socialist revolution; failure of Bay of Pigs invasion, 'Year of Education' mass literacy campaign begins
question
Jul 1961
answer
26 July Movement, communist PSP and Directorio Revolucionario (DR) merge to form the Integrated Revolutionary Organisations (ORI)
question
Feb 1962
answer
Kennedy announces full US embargo on exports to Cuba
question
Mar 1962
answer
Castro moves against the Escalante faction of the communist PSP, Escalante is removed from positions
question
Jul 1963
answer
ORI becomes the United Party of the Socialist Revolution (PURS)
question
Oct 1962
answer
Cuban Missile Crisis
question
Oct 1965
answer
PURS becomes the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC)
question
Nov 1965
answer
Camarioca Exodus
question
Feb 1968
answer
'Microfaction' Affair
question
Nov 1969
answer
'Year of Decisive Endeavour' is launched
question
Jul 1970
answer
10 million tonne campaign for sugar
question
Jul 1972
answer
Cuba becomes a full member of Comecon
question
Mar 1975
answer
Family Code
question
Feb 1976
answer
New constitution to establish "Poder Popular" is approved
question
Dec 1976
answer
First meeting of the new National Assembly, Castro becomes president
question
1977
answer
Centro Nacional de Educación Sexual (CNES) is founded
question
1979
answer
Same-sex relations are decriminalised
question
Apr 1986
answer
'Rectification Campgain'
question
Apr 1989
answer
Gorbachev visits Cuba
question
Jun-Jul 1989
answer
Ochoa Affair
question
Jan 1990
answer
'Special Period' begins
question
Dec 1991
answer
Soviet Union collapses
question
Jul 1992
answer
Constitution is amended
question
Jan 1993
answer
US embargo on Cuba is tightened; Castro introduces some market reforms
question
Feb 1993
answer
First direct elections to the National Assembly
question
Feb 1996
answer
US trade embargo is made permanent
question
Mar 1996
answer
Actions against the Centre for the Study of America (CEA) group
question
Jan 1998
answer
Pope John Paul II visits Cuba
question
Jun 2002
answer
National Assembly amends constitution to make socialist system of government permanent
question
Mar 2003
answer
Varela Project activists are arrested
question
Feb 2008
answer
Fidel Castro announces his resignation, Raúl takes over
question
2010
answer
State provides free gender reassignment surgery
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question
Oct 1868
answer
First War of Independence (Ten Years War) begins
question
Feb 1895
answer
Jose Martí begins a Second War of Independence
question
July 1898
answer
USA defeats Spain in Spanish-American War; Cuba is ceded to the USA
question
March 1901
answer
the US Platt Amendment
question
May 1902
answer
Cuba becomes independent, under US 'protection'
question
May 1927
answer
Machado's dictatorship begins
question
Aug 1933
answer
Machado flees- de Céspedes becomes president
question
Sep 1933
answer
Sergeant's coup takes place, led by Batista; Grau becomes president
question
Jan 1934
answer
Batista increases power; Grau steps down; opposition is repressed
question
Aug 1940
answer
New constitution is passed
question
Oct 1940
answer
Batista is elected president
question
Jun 1944
answer
Batista is succeeded by Grau
question
Mar 1952
answer
Batista heads another coup
question
Jul 1953
answer
Castro launches an attack on the Moncada army barracks, "Manifesto of the Revolutionaries of Moncada to the Nation" is published
question
Oct 1953
answer
Castro makes his 'History will absolve me' speech
question
Jul 1955
answer
Castro goes to Mexico; 26 July Movement is formed
question
Mar 1956
answer
Castro writes a letter publicly announcing 26 July Movement
question
Dec 1956
answer
Castro's band of revolutionaries lands in Cuba; guerilla war begins in the Sierra Maestra mountains
question
May 1958
answer
Batista's unsuccessful offensive
question
Jul 1958
answer
Caracas Pact; communist PSP begins co-operation with the 26 July Movement
question
New Years Eve 1958
answer
Batista resigns and flees the island.
question
Jan 1959
answer
Castro enters Havana, Castro's movement takes power, Office of Revolutionary Plans and Co-ordination is established
question
Feb 1959
answer
Castro becomes prime minister
question
Mar 1959
answer
Nationalisation of public utilities; Castro makes his 'Proclamation against discrimination'
question
Apr 1959
answer
Castro announces suspension of elections
question
May 1959
answer
National Institute of Agrarian Reform (INRA) is set up
question
Jun 1959
answer
Agrarian Reform Act
question
Jul 1959
answer
Urrutia resigns as president; Osvaldo Dorticós takes over
question
Oct 1959
answer
Huber Matos and supporters are imprisoned
question
Feb 1960
answer
Trade deal is signed with Soviet Union
question
May 1960
answer
US oil companies in Cuba refuse to refine Soviet crude oil
question
April 1960
answer
Soviet crude oil is delivered
question
Jun 1960
answer
Castro nationalises US refineries (foreign oil refineries)
question
Jul 1960
answer
US reduces quota for Cuban sugar; Soviet Union agrees to buy the surplus
question
Aug 1960
answer
Main US businesses in Cuba are nationalised, Fedration of Cuban Women (FMC) is set up
question
Sep 1960
answer
Castro makes his 'First declaration of Havana' speech; all remaining US companies are nationalised, Committees for the Defence of the Revolution (CDRs) are set up
question
Nov 1960
answer
First US trade embargo on exports to Cuba
question
Feb 1961
answer
Guevara becomes minister of industries
question
Apr 1961
answer
Castro proclaims Cuba's socialist revolution; failure of Bay of Pigs invasion, 'Year of Education' mass literacy campaign begins
question
Jul 1961
answer
26 July Movement, communist PSP and Directorio Revolucionario (DR) merge to form the Integrated Revolutionary Organisations (ORI)
question
Feb 1962
answer
Kennedy announces full US embargo on exports to Cuba
question
Mar 1962
answer
Castro moves against the Escalante faction of the communist PSP, Escalante is removed from positions
question
Jul 1963
answer
ORI becomes the United Party of the Socialist Revolution (PURS)
question
Oct 1962
answer
Cuban Missile Crisis
question
Oct 1965
answer
PURS becomes the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC)
question
Nov 1965
answer
Camarioca Exodus
question
Feb 1968
answer
'Microfaction' Affair
question
Nov 1969
answer
'Year of Decisive Endeavour' is launched
question
Jul 1970
answer
10 million tonne campaign for sugar
question
Jul 1972
answer
Cuba becomes a full member of Comecon
question
Mar 1975
answer
Family Code
question
Feb 1976
answer
New constitution to establish "Poder Popular" is approved
question
Dec 1976
answer
First meeting of the new National Assembly, Castro becomes president
question
1977
answer
Centro Nacional de Educación Sexual (CNES) is founded
question
1979
answer
Same-sex relations are decriminalised
question
Apr 1986
answer
'Rectification Campgain'
question
Apr 1989
answer
Gorbachev visits Cuba
question
Jun-Jul 1989
answer
Ochoa Affair
question
Jan 1990
answer
'Special Period' begins
question
Dec 1991
answer
Soviet Union collapses
question
Jul 1992
answer
Constitution is amended
question
Jan 1993
answer
US embargo on Cuba is tightened; Castro introduces some market reforms
question
Feb 1993
answer
First direct elections to the National Assembly
question
Feb 1996
answer
US trade embargo is made permanent
question
Mar 1996
answer
Actions against the Centre for the Study of America (CEA) group
question
Jan 1998
answer
Pope John Paul II visits Cuba
question
Jun 2002
answer
National Assembly amends constitution to make socialist system of government permanent
question
Mar 2003
answer
Varela Project activists are arrested
question
Feb 2008
answer
Fidel Castro announces his resignation, Raúl takes over
question
2010
answer
State provides free gender reassignment surgery