Dialectical Behavior Therapy Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Dialectical Behavior Therapy?
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is a form of psychotherapy that combines cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with Eastern philosophies, such as mindfulness and acceptance. It was developed to treat individuals who have difficulty regulating their emotions, dealing with stress, and managing interpersonal conflicts. DBT has been used to help people suffering from eating disorders, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicidality and other mental health issues.The primary goal of DBT is to enable an individual to become more mindful and better able to regulate their emotions. The focus is on teaching skills such as distress tolerance, emotional regulation, mindfulness practices and interpersonal effectiveness. By learning these skills individuals can gain control over their behavior in order to make positive changes in their lives. DBT uses a combination of strategies including individual counseling sessions where the patient works one-on-one with a therapist; group sessions focused on developing specific skills; phone coaching; homework assignments; role playing activities; diary cards which track thoughts and behaviors; validation techniques which focus on the positive aspects of behavior while also acknowledging the potential for error or failure; problem solving exercises designed to address issues within relationships or areas of daily life; and making lifestyle changes such as improved nutrition or activity level that support healthy living habits. Overall Dialectical Behavior Therapy has been found to be an effective treatment for those struggling with mental health challenges including self-harm urges, suicidal thoughts or behaviors and those who struggle with regulating strong emotions like anger or sadness. With continued practice the skills learned through DBT can help individuals lead healthier lives by managing difficult emotions without resorting to unhealthy coping mechanisms that may lead them down a dangerous path.