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Psychology Chapter 14-Psychological Treatments

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Psychotherapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them understand their problems and work toward solutions
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Psychodynamic Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them become aware of how their unconscious processes may be causing conflict and impairing daily functioning
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Humanistic Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them develop their full potential for personal growth through greater self-understanding
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Behavior Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them unlearn learned behaviors that negatively affect their functioning
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Cognitive Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them change distorted thought patterns that produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist incorporates techniques from cognitive therapy and behavior therapy to correct faulty thinking and maladaptive behaviors
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Biological Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders that is based on medical approaches to illness and to disease
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Psychotropic Medications
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Drugs that affect mental processes and that can be used to treat psychological disorders
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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
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Treatment for psychological disorders that involves administering a strong electrical current to the client’s brain to produce a seizure; ECT is effective in some cases of severe depression
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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
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Treatment for psychological disorders that uses a magnetic field to interrupt function in specific regions of the brain
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Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
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Treatment for psychological disorders that involves passing electricity through electrodes planted in the client’s brain to stimulate the brain at a certain frequency and intensity
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Exposure
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Therapy technique that involves repeatedly exposing a client to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation and has the goal of reducing the client’s fear
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Systematic Desensitization
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Therapy technique that involves exposing a client to increasingly anxiety-producing stimuli or situations while having the client relax at the same time
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Exposure and Response Prevention
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Therapy technique that teaches clients to relax as they are gradually exposed to increasingly feared stimuli or situations. The goal of treatment is to reduce the fear
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Phototherapy
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Treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) through which the client is exposed to high-intensity light each day
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Prognosis
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A prediction of the likely course of a psychological (or physical) disorder
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Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
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Form of therapy used to treat Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
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Applied Behavioral Analysis
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An intensive behavior therapy for autism; this treatment is based on operant conditioning