Psychology Chapter 14-Psychological Treatments – Flashcards

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Psychotherapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them understand their problems and work toward solutions
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Psychodynamic Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them become aware of how their unconscious processes may be causing conflict and impairing daily functioning
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Humanistic Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them develop their full potential for personal growth through greater self-understanding
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Behavior Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them unlearn learned behaviors that negatively affect their functioning
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Cognitive Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them change distorted thought patterns that produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
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Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist incorporates techniques from cognitive therapy and behavior therapy to correct faulty thinking and maladaptive behaviors
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Biological Therapy
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Treatment for psychological disorders that is based on medical approaches to illness and to disease
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Psychotropic Medications
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Drugs that affect mental processes and that can be used to treat psychological disorders
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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
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Treatment for psychological disorders that involves administering a strong electrical current to the client's brain to produce a seizure; ECT is effective in some cases of severe depression
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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
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Treatment for psychological disorders that uses a magnetic field to interrupt function in specific regions of the brain
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Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
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Treatment for psychological disorders that involves passing electricity through electrodes planted in the client's brain to stimulate the brain at a certain frequency and intensity
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Exposure
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Therapy technique that involves repeatedly exposing a client to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation and has the goal of reducing the client's fear
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Systematic Desensitization
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Therapy technique that involves exposing a client to increasingly anxiety-producing stimuli or situations while having the client relax at the same time
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Exposure and Response Prevention
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Therapy technique that teaches clients to relax as they are gradually exposed to increasingly feared stimuli or situations. The goal of treatment is to reduce the fear
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Phototherapy
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Treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) through which the client is exposed to high-intensity light each day
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Prognosis
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A prediction of the likely course of a psychological (or physical) disorder
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Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
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Form of therapy used to treat Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
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Applied Behavioral Analysis
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An intensive behavior therapy for autism; this treatment is based on operant conditioning
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question
Psychotherapy
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them understand their problems and work toward solutions
question
Psychodynamic Therapy
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them become aware of how their unconscious processes may be causing conflict and impairing daily functioning
question
Humanistic Therapy
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them develop their full potential for personal growth through greater self-understanding
question
Behavior Therapy
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them unlearn learned behaviors that negatively affect their functioning
question
Cognitive Therapy
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist works with clients to help them change distorted thought patterns that produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
question
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders where a therapist incorporates techniques from cognitive therapy and behavior therapy to correct faulty thinking and maladaptive behaviors
question
Biological Therapy
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders that is based on medical approaches to illness and to disease
question
Psychotropic Medications
answer
Drugs that affect mental processes and that can be used to treat psychological disorders
question
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders that involves administering a strong electrical current to the client's brain to produce a seizure; ECT is effective in some cases of severe depression
question
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders that uses a magnetic field to interrupt function in specific regions of the brain
question
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
answer
Treatment for psychological disorders that involves passing electricity through electrodes planted in the client's brain to stimulate the brain at a certain frequency and intensity
question
Exposure
answer
Therapy technique that involves repeatedly exposing a client to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation and has the goal of reducing the client's fear
question
Systematic Desensitization
answer
Therapy technique that involves exposing a client to increasingly anxiety-producing stimuli or situations while having the client relax at the same time
question
Exposure and Response Prevention
answer
Therapy technique that teaches clients to relax as they are gradually exposed to increasingly feared stimuli or situations. The goal of treatment is to reduce the fear
question
Phototherapy
answer
Treatment for Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) through which the client is exposed to high-intensity light each day
question
Prognosis
answer
A prediction of the likely course of a psychological (or physical) disorder
question
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
answer
Form of therapy used to treat Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
question
Applied Behavioral Analysis
answer
An intensive behavior therapy for autism; this treatment is based on operant conditioning