Pediatrics Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Pediatrics?
Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. Pediatricians are specially trained to diagnose and treat childhood illnesses, injuries, and developmental problems. They also work closely with parents to offer guidance on nutrition, safety, emotional issues, and other matters related to raising healthy children. Pediatrics is an important area of healthcare because it helps ensure the physical and mental health of our youngest citizens. The primary focus of pediatric medicine is prevention preventing illnesses before they occur or catching them early so that treatment can be effective. To this end, pediatricians often promote immunization against contagious diseases such as polio, measles, mumps, rubella (German measles), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP or DTaP), hepatitis B (HBV), haemophilus influenzae type b (HIB), rotavirus (RV) , human papillomavirus (HPV), meningococcal disease (MCV4 or MPSV4) , pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13/PCV10/PCV7). In addition to vaccinations for infectious diseases like these that protect both the child as well as the community from transmission of disease from one person to another; preventive care visits establish a baseline for growth measurements such as height and weight which help detect any potential issues with development in addition to providing age appropriate education about injury prevention including car seats timelines for when babies should start crawling walking etc. Another important aspect of pediatrics is addressing common childhood complaints concerning physical issues such as sore throats earaches stomach aches fever colds allergies asthma constipation bed wetting headaches sports injuries skin rashes etc. Often times parents bring their children into see their pediatrician not knowing what condition their child may have or even if it’s serious enough to bring them in at all so pediatricians must be able evaluate the situation quickly determine whether it’s something they can treat in office refer out for further evaluation or even recommend an emergency visit if needed all while reassuring parents that whatever may be going on their child will get better soon. Finally one cannot underestimate the importance of mental health care in pediatrics especially since 1 in 5 children suffer from some sort mental health issue ranging from anxiety depression ADHD learning disabilities eating disorders etc.