Sociology – Quiz 2

A child learns to act like adults, she observes and internalizes her parents’ values and attitudes into her personality. Lawrence Kohlberg refers to this behavior as:
none of the above. (not preoperational development)

Socialization refers to
the process of transmitting cultural values to young members.

For Charles H. Cooley, the process whereby our self-image develops from the ways others treat us is called the _________ process.
looking-glass self

The cases of children who were raised in extreme isolation demonstrate that
normal human development requires continuing human interaction.

Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development argues that
virtually all children go through the same sequence of mental development.

Which of the following statements about the nature/nurture debate would Thio see as the most accurate?
While nature sets limits, socialization plays a very large role in determining who we are.

John is playing with his toys and he is pretending to be a fireman like his father. According to Jean Piaget, by seeing himself from his father’s point of view, John is
none of the above. (NOT internalizing his father’s values and attitudes)

For humans to be socialized, it is imperative that they have
regular social interaction with adults.

Which of the following describes behavior associated with Jean Piaget’s sensorimotor stage?
when a child learns with his senses and body to interact with the environment

According to Lawrence Kohlberg, at the first level of moral development, young adults have a preconventional morality, which takes into account the importance of
right and wrong consequences.

Taylor is a young girl whose parents surrounded her with books, challenging discussions, and ideas. Based on our understanding of socialization, Taylor is probably
ahead of other children in the areas she has been trained in.

According to George Herbert Mead, when children learn to internalize the values of a society as a whole in the game stage, they take on the role of the
generalized other.

Charles H. Cooley viewed society as a group of individuals helping each other to develop their personality. This means that
the core of the self is in the concept of the self-image that develops from the way others see us.

Natasha receives good grades, she learns a lot and she is liked by her professors, parents, and friends. She is outgoing and also participates in several extra-curricular activities that the school develops for the betterment of the students. Charles Cooley would suggest that Natasha
has a good self-image.

In the sixth stage of the Levels of Development of The Self, the ‘I’ represents:
the spontaneous, creative, and impulsive personality we can have.

Social exchanges are usually governed by
the norm of reciprocity.

Which of the following statements about socialization are true EXCEPT?
It is difficult to change an adult’s personalities because it has been formed in childhood.

Competition in the global market has helped U.S. companies
become more efficient and productive.

An ethnomethodologist would likely study:
the conversations among roommates in a college dormitory.

Many people use the Internet as a key tool of communication. Which of the following is a disadvantage of electronic communication?
All of the above (contact becomes indirect, people become isolated, we lose the ability to interpret other people’s nonverbal communication, takes more time to communicate what we want and feel.)

Which of the following forms of social interaction are more likely to unsettle the social structure?
Competition

Everyday life is an important part of understanding the social world. The pioneering sociologist who developed microsociology and emphasized the importance of understanding it was:
Erving Goffman

Select below the one statement that is NOT a reason for studying social interaction in everyday life:
Examining social interaction in everyday life allows sociologists to see how relatively unimportant language is in creating social reality.

The use of the Internet, e-mail, chat rooms, and social networking sites
adds a new and different dimension to the study of everyday life.

At the third level of moral development, young adults have a postconventional morality, which takes into account the importance of
conflicting norms.

Humor makes us laugh because almost all jokes contain
an incongruity between two realities.

The analysis of how people define the world in which they live is called
ethnomethodology.

Which of the following would NOT be classified as civil inattention?
Working on a group project in your sociology class.

Which of the following statements about conflict is the most true?
Conflict can often help a social structure by unifying members.

The supportive social interaction’s function that provides hidden, underlying meanings is absolutely crucial for
ensuring social order.

T/F — Intelligence is either inherited or learned
FALSE

T/F — Anticipatory socialization is the process by which an individual learns to assume a role in the future.
TRUE

T/F — Superego is Freud’s term for the part of the personality that is moral; popularly known as conscience.
TRUE

T/F — Jean Piaget described seven stages of cognitive development that each child goes through.
FALSE

T/F — To be a genius, you must be born one.
FALSE

T/F — Preconventional morality is Kohlberg’s term for the practice of judging actions by taking into account the importance of conflicting norms.
FALSE

T/F — Humor is only fun and games.
FALSE

T/F — Because they speak the same language, men and women can easily understand each other.
FALSE (DUH)

T/F — Nonverbal communication may involve proxemics, the use of space as a means of communication.
TRUE

T/F — To symbolic interactionists, people usually don’t take supportive interactions at face value but pay more attention to the hidden meanings behind expressed words and actions.
TRUE

Parents in _______ families try to cultivate a strong sense of acceptance and security in their young children by indulging them, letting them have practically anything they want and letting them behave and misbehave in any way they want.
Asian American

According to __________, children develop their self-concept in three stages.
George H. Mead

___________ morality was Kohlberg’s term for the practice of judging actions by taking into account the importance of conflicting norms.
Postconventional

Children of ___________ parents are traditionally socialized through an extensive network of relatives.
Native American

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