Infant Mortality Rates Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Infant Mortality Rates?
Infant mortality rates (IMR) are a measure of the number of infant deaths within a population per 1000 live births. They are an important indicator of the overall health and wellbeing of a nation, as well as its socioeconomic development. Unfortunately, these rates have been rising in many countries around the world over the last decade. This is primarily due to poverty and disparities in access to healthcare services. In order to address this issue, there must be improvements made in both prevention and treatment for newborns and infants with illnesses or conditions that can lead to death. The primary causes of infant mortality include premature birth, low birth weight, congenital anomalies, complications during pregnancy or labor, infections such as pneumonia or sepsis, maternal health issues like HIV/AIDS or malnutrition, and lack of adequate care at childbirth. To reduce infant mortality rates requires interventions across multiple levels: from improving nutrition among pregnant mothers; providing better antenatal care including pre-delivery intervention; increasing access to skilled obstetricians; reducing neonatal intensive care unit costs; enhancing postnatal follow up visits; investing in research on new treatments or interventions for high risk pregnancies; creating policies that promote breastfeeding after delivery etc .The World Health Organization has identified 21 key strategies for tackling IMRs worldwide which focus on areas such as promoting healthy lifestyles among women before pregnancy; ensuring universal access to quality reproductive health services throughout life stages; providing proper antenatal care during pregnancy; strengthening primary healthcare systems so they can deliver comprehensive newborn & child care packages including immunization services etc. Furthermore if we want real progress towards reducing IMRs then social determinants like education levels need attention too since educated parents tend to make healthier decisions about their children’s health leading them away from potential risks associated with poor living conditions & inadequate medical facilities available in rural areas where most infants still die every day despite all efforts made by national governments & international agencies alike If successful implementation takes place ,we will see some remarkable changes not only within our own societies but even more importantly globally making sure no child dies unnecessarily due to preventable circumstances is one step closer towards achieving sustainable development goals set out by 2030 agenda .