Society the basics chapter 15 Population, Urbanization, and Environment

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Why is population group a and the study of the environment a \”social issue\”?
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Define demography
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the study of the human population.
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how is demography part of the study of sociology.
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In what counties is the population growing the fastest and the slowest?
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What is meant by global migration of populations?
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Describe the changes in crude birth rates
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Describe the changes in crude death rates
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Describe the changes in infant mortality rates.
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What countries have the highest and lowest crude birth rates, crude death rates, and infant mortality rates?
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crude birth rates: crude death rates: infant mortality rates:
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what factors contribute to the great differences between these countries with the highest and lowest crude birth rates, crude death rates, and infant mortality rates?
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What is the definition of \”sex ratio\”
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what contributes to an imbalance in the sex ratio in some parts of the world?
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Compare India to Canada in regards to the imbalance in the sex ratio
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What is the study of ecology?
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What is the study of the natural environment?
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how are ecology related to the study of sociology?
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how are natural environment related to the study of sociology?
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What countries in the world have high levels of solid waste and which ones have lower levels?
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How does industrial growth and prosperity impact air and water pollution and global warming?
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What is \”environmental racism\”?
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where do we see \”environmental racism\” in the world?
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Demography is defined as the study of:
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human population (P. 414)
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In global perspective, fertility in North America is:
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low (P. 414)
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Which global region has BOTH the world’s highest birth rate and the world’s highest infant mortality rate?
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Africa (P. 415)
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What is the study of the interaction of living organisms and the natural environment?
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ecology (P. 430)
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Mounting evidence suggests that the average temperature of the planet is:
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rising (P. 438)
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According to environmentalists, declining biodiversity is a concern because
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species loss impairs the natural environment (P. 438-439)
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Uncontrolled growth such as that occurring in Vancouver is referred to as:
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urban sprawl (P. 414)
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As of 2006, what was the approximate population of the entire world?
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6.5 billion (P. 414)
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What is the study of human population?
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Demography (P. 414)
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What is the incidence of childbearing in a country’s population?
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fertility (P. 414)
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What is maximum possible childbearing?
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fecundity (P. 414)
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What is the term for the number of live births in a given year for every thousand people in a population?
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crude birth rate (P. 414)
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Which world area has the HIGHEST crude birth rate?
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Africa (P. 415)
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What is the incidence of death in a country’s population?
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mortality (P. 414)
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Which world area has BOTH the highest birth rates and the highest infant mortality rates?
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Africa (P. 415)
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As a researcher with the World Heath Organization, you are asked to identify societies at major risk for the highest crude death rates. Which world area would you identify?
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low-income countries (P. 415)
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What is the number of deaths among infants under one year of age for each thousand live births, in a given year?
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infant mortality rate (P. 415)
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The movement of people into and out of a specified territory is:
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migration (P. 415)
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People’s movement into a country is measured by:
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the immigration rate (P. 415)
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Movement from one region to another within the borders of one country is called:
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internal migration (P. 416)
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Voluntary migration is usually motivated by:
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push-pull factor (P. 417)
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The natural growth rate of a population is derived from the subtraction of the
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crude death rate from the crude birth rate (P. 417)
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Which world area has the highest annual growth rate?
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Africa (P. 417)
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Sex ratio refers to the number of:
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males for every 100 females in a given population (P. 417)

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