Ophthalmology Flashcards, test questions and answers
Discover flashcards, test exam answers, and assignments to help you learn more about Ophthalmology and other subjects. Don’t miss the chance to use them for more effective college education. Use our database of questions and answers on Ophthalmology and get quick solutions for your test.
What is Ophthalmology?
Ophthalmology is an important and specialized branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders related to the eyes. It is a medical specialty that diagnoses and treats conditions related to vision, eye health, and ocular problems. Ophthalmologists are trained in all aspects of health care pertaining to the eyes including anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology and diagnostics. They perform a wide range of procedures such as refractive surgery, cataract extraction, glaucoma surgery, corneal transplantation and vitreoretinal surgery.In their daily practice ophthalmologists are expected to diagnose diseases such as glaucoma or macular degeneration which can lead to blindness if left untreated. They must also diagnose retinal detachment or diabetic retinopathy which can cause vision loss if not treated promptly. Ophthalmologists may carry out procedures such as laser eye surgery for correcting refractive errors or cataract removal for restoring sight in patients with clouded lenses due to age-related changes. Ophthalmologists may also prescribe medications for treating eye conditions as well as recommend preventive measures like wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses when appropriate.The field of ophthalmology has seen many advancements over the years primarily due to improved technologies such as laser treatments and computer aided diagnostics (CAD). With these advances ophthalmologists can now treat a wider range of conditions more accurately than ever before allowing them to help more people preserve their sight even in cases where total restoration is not possible. This has greatly improved the quality of life for many individuals who have suffered from vision loss due to accidents or age-related diseases like macular degeneration. Overall, ophthalmology plays an important role in diagnosing and treating various eye conditions that can cause significant vision impairment if left untreated.