Otolaryngology Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Otolaryngology?
Otolaryngology is a branch of medicine that specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT). This includes conditions such as hearing loss, sinus infections, and vocal cord disorders. Otolaryngologists are the only medical specialists who can diagnose and treat all aspects of ENT health, from birth defects to cancer.Otolaryngology has a long history dating back to ancient Egypt when it was first practiced to treat ailments such as ear infections. Over time, it evolved into a more advanced specialty with the use of modern technology like CT scans. Today, many otolaryngologists practice both general ENT care and specialize in subspecialties like sleep disorders or facial plastic surgery.The typical process begins with an initial appointment where an otolaryngologist will ask about your health history and examine your ears, nose and throat for signs of illness or injury. Depending on the diagnosis, further tests may be needed to confirm or rule out certain conditions. Treatments may range from medications or surgeries to lifestyle changes that improve overall health.In addition to diagnosing and treating medical problems related to the Ears Nose Throat (ENT), many otolaryngologists also offer preventive care services such as hearing tests for newborns or screenings for head and neck cancer in adults over 40 years old. Otolaryngologists are also trained in sleep medicine which covers treatments for snoring problems as well as sleep apnea. They can provide treatment options such as dental appliances or surgical intervention depending on the severity of each case. Moreover they may be involved in cosmetic procedures too like rhinoplasty (nose jobs).