Radical Neck Dissection Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Radical Neck Dissection?
A Radical Neck Dissection (RND) is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of lymph nodes, muscles, and other tissues from around the neck in order to treat advanced stages of cancer. The goal of this surgery is to remove any cancerous or pre-cancerous tumors and tissue from the area without damaging vital organs or structures nearby. RNDs are commonly performed on patients with head and neck cancers, such as those affecting the mouth and throat, because these areas are often difficult for surgeons to access with traditional techniques.The steps involved in performing a RND vary depending on the stage of cancer present in each patient’s specific case. Generally speaking, however, an incision will first be made along either side of the neck so that surgeons can gain access to all affected areas. Depending on which type of RND is required, different contents may then be removed from within this cavity such as lymph nodes or neurovascular bundles before being closed up again using sutures or staples. In some cases additional treatments such as radiation therapy may also be necessary following surgery to help reduce any chance for recurrence. One important aspect about RNDs that sets it apart from other types of surgeries is its ability to preserve key parts of a person’s facial structure and cosmetic appearance while still removing dangerous tumors in their entirety. This means that even after undergoing an extensive operation like an RND there may still remain ample amounts of healthy tissue remaining throughout one’s face which could potentially allow them to resume their normal daily activities soon afterwards if they wish to do so. Additionally since this technique can effectively target certain types not accessible with more traditional methods it gives doctors another powerful tool at their disposal when attempting to save lives through early detection and aggressive treatment plans alike. Overall Radical Neck Dissections offer a highly effective way for medical professionals to tackle life threatening cancers located around the head and neck regions where conventional methods tend fail due largely availability issues related anatomical limitations posed by these unique locations within our bodies’ complex makeup.