Surgery Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Surgery?
Surgery is a medical procedure that involves cutting, removing or altering the body in some way with the intention of correcting an abnormality or improving the patient’s health and well-being. It can be used to treat conditions ranging from cancer and heart disease, to fractures and hernias. Surgery is often seen as a last resort when other treatments have not been successful, but it can also be used to prevent future illness or injury.The first step in any surgical process is diagnostic testing. The goal of this testing is to determine what type of surgery will work best for the particular situation at hand. Diagnostic tests may include blood work, imaging studies such as X-rays and CT scans, biopsies and tissue sampling. Once these tests are complete, the surgeon will discuss all potential options with the patient before deciding on which course of action should be taken. After this decision has been made, preoperative procedures must then be completed before surgery can begin. Preoperative steps usually involve medication management, nutritional counseling and informed consent forms outlining risks associated with the specific type of operation being performed. When it comes time for surgery itself there are a variety of techniques that can be employed depending on what needs to be done: open surgery utilizes larger incisions while laparoscopic operations use multiple small puncture wounds; arthroscopic surgeries require specialized instruments inserted through tiny incisions; robotic-assisted procedures allow surgeons greater control over their movements during intricate operations; cryosurgery uses extreme cold temperatures to freeze tissues in order to destroy them; laser surgeries utilize intense beams of light energy focused onto targeted areas; endoscopy involves inserting instrumentation into narrow passageways such as digestive tracts; radiation therapy uses ionizing radiation waves externally bombarded onto diseased cells in order to kill them off this technique has successfully treated many types of cancerous tumors without major damage or scarring surrounding healthy tissue structures adjacent within human organs etc… Finally postoperative care follows after all procedures so that patients receive adequate rest periods for healing purposes along with necessary medications prescribed by doctors (e.g., antibiotics). Many times physical rehabilitation exercises (e.g., stretching) might also need implementation due towards helping reestablish proper bodily function around affected areas where certain muscles/joints were surgically impacted allowing individuals more mobility flexibility afterwards overall.