Phlebotomy Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Phlebotomy?
Phlebotomy is the practice of drawing blood from a patient for the purpose of medical testing, transfusions, or donations. It is an important part of healthcare that has been around since ancient times and continues to be essential in modern medicine. Phlebotomists are specially trained professionals who have expertise in locating veins and performing venipuncture with little discomfort to the patient.The first step in phlebotomy is obtaining consent from the patient; this may include providing information about why the procedure is being performed and any risks associated with it. Once consent is obtained, a tourniquet will be applied to make veins more visible on top of skin surface. The next step involves finding a suitable vein for puncture using palpation techniques and selecting a sterile lancet or needle appropriate for drawing blood from that particular vein size. After inserting the needle into the vein, pressure must be maintained until sample collection has been completed followed by proper disposal procedures depending on local regulations. Lastly, gauze dressing should be placed over puncture site before removal of tourniquet once bleeding stops completely. Once collected, samples should be labeled carefully according to protocol prior to transporting them to laboratory for further analysis where results can help diagnose conditions such as infection or diseases like diabetes or cancer as well as monitor therapeutic treatments accordingly. In addition, some phlebotomists may specialize in collecting specimens like bone marrow biopsies which require specialized training beyond traditional methods due its complexity and potential risks associated with these procedures such as pain or nerve damage if not done properly so it’s important that they receive adequate education before performing these types of collections successfully without harm towards patients involved in their care. In conclusion, phlebotomy plays an integral role within medical field since it allows healthcare providers access vital information needed when diagnosing illnesses while also taking precautionary steps necessary ensure safety during collection process itself (i.e., sterilizing equipment beforehand). Therefore it’s essential those pursuing career in this field understand importance behind both aspects so they can effectively provide quality services those seeking assistance deserve regardless what type service might entail given skill set available at time request comes forth.