Neuroscience Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Neuroscience?
Neuroscience is a field of study that focuses on the structure, function, and development of the nervous system. It encompasses both clinical and basic science disciplines, such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology and behavior. Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary area of research that draws from many different scientific fields to better understand how the brain works in both health and disease. It has become increasingly important as scientists have been able to pinpoint biological mechanisms that underlie cognition and behavior. The goal of neuroscience is to understand how the nervous system produces behavior and thought processes. To do this researchers investigate a variety of topics ranging from molecular studies of individual cells to the study of higher-level cognitive processes like decision making or memory formation. This research allows us to gain insights into how our brains work in normal conditions as well as in cases where dysfunction can lead to psychiatric disorders or neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease. Neuroscience has allowed us to make great strides in understanding how our brains generate thoughts, feelings and behaviors by identifying specific areas associated with these tasks for example; language processing in Broca’s area or emotion processing within the amygdala. Additionally, it has opened doors for new treatments for mental illness by providing insight into possible biological causes such as imbalances in neurotransmitter levels resulting from genetic alterations or changes in brain connectivity due to trauma or injury. Ultimately neuroscience seeks to uncover more about human nature by exploring one of its most complex organs our brains. It provides important information on how neural circuits interact with each other during development and further helps us create targeted interventions based on underlying neurological principles all aimed at improving quality of life.