Pathology Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Pathology?
Pathology is the study of disease and its causes, mechanisms, processes, progression, and outcomes. It is a branch of medicine that focuses on understanding how diseases work in order to diagnose them accurately and treat them effectively. Pathologists are medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases by examining samples from patients including tissue, cells, body fluids like blood or urine. They use various laboratory techniques such as histology (the study of cell structure), biochemistry (the study of chemical reactions within cells) and genetics (the study of gene expression) to analyze samples taken from patients and make conclusions about their health status. Pathologists also provide valuable information for research purposes by studying the effects certain treatments have on different types of tissues or organs.The practice of pathology has evolved over time due to advancements in technology allowing pathologists access to more detailed information about diseases than ever before. This includes new ways to diagnose illnesses quicker by using imaging techniques such as CT scans or MRI scans which can give doctors an indication as to what may be causing the patient’s symptoms even before laboratory tests are run. In addition, molecular technologies allow for genetic testing which can help determine if a person has inherited a particular condition or if it was acquired later in life through environmental exposure or other factors. Finally, advances in immunology have allowed pathologists to identify autoantibodies present in various conditions that can help with diagnosis and treatment decisions. Overall, pathology is an invaluable field that helps doctors obtain accurate diagnoses quickly so they can begin treating their patients appropriately right away; this ultimately leads to better patient care and improved outcomes overall.