NFHS First Aid, Health and Safety for Coaches Test Answers

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An athlete has sustained a bruise. Which action would be most appropriate?
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Apply ice for 30-40 minutes.
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Continue sets of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until the:
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All of the above.
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An athlete has frostbite of the toes. Which action would be most appropriate?
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Place cotton or gauze between the toes.
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If lightning is striking nearby when people are outside and there is no time to evacuate, they should:
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Avoid squatting or sitting close to other people.
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When an athlete develops a sudden illness, you should:
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Look around the area for clues that might tell you what happened to the athlete.
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What is the purpose of Good Samaritan laws?
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To help protect people who voluntarily give care without expecting anything in return.
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To give abdominal thrusts, position your covered fist:
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Above the naval.
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Which of the following care steps would be included for an athlete with hypothermia until advanced medical personnel arrives?
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All of the above.
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Specific types of splints include:
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All of the above.
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For which condition would you decide to call 9-1-1 for an athlete who has sustained a wound?
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The athlete has uncontrolled bleeding.
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Heat-related illnesses include which of the following?
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Heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat strokes.
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Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that is characterized by:
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Restrictive eating in individuals who see themselves as being overweight or afraid of gaining weight.
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The Emergency Action Plan (EAP) should include:
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All of the above.
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When dealing with an athlete who has mental health issues, the coach’s role is to:
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All of the above.
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An athlete has sustained an injury that involves the tearing of the muscles in the back of his leg. This type of injury is called:
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Strain.
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If you are caring for an athlete with heat stroke and you cannot immerse the athlete up to his or her neck in an ice-water pool or tub, what other methods can you try?
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Any of the above.
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How do you care for an athlete with a possible head, neck or back injury?
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Support the head in the position you find it. Do not try to align it.
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To help control a nosebleed, you should have the athlete:
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Lean slightly forward while pinching the nostrils together until the bleeding stops.
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To care for an athlete having a diabetic emergency who can swallow, give some form of sugar, such as:
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Any of the above.
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Common signals of bulimia nervosa include:
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All of the above.
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A concussion is a type of brain injury that usually involves:
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Temporary loss of brain function resulting from a blow to the head.
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One signal of a breathing emergency is:
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Making a wheezing or high-pitched sound.
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Which type of injury involves an open wound where the bone has torn through the skin?
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Open fracture.
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The general care for a muscle, bone or joint injury includes the following:
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Rest, Immobilize, Cold and Elevate.
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Which of the following would you expect to find in an athlete experiencing a diabetic emergency?
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All of the above.
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Activate the EMS system by:
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Calling 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
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An athlete is experiencing early signs and symptoms of heat illness. Which of the following would you do?
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Move the athlete to a cooler place.
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MRSA infections are most commonly spread by:
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Skin-to-skin contact.
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To prevent heat-related illness emergencies, which action would be most appropriate?
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Exercising for brief periods with frequent rests.
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Which of the following is not a signal of a breathing emergency?
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Vomiting.
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A football player who was wearing his helmet has sustained a suspected neck injury during practice. He is laying his back and is awake and talking. Which action would be appropriate?
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Leave the helmet in place.
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Anaphylaxis kits contain which of the following:
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Epinephrine auto-injector
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Caring for shock involves which of the following steps?
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All of the above.
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The female athlete triad is a condition that involves low bone mass, amenorrhea, and _________?
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Disordered eating.
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The sudden illness that results from too much or too little sugar in the athlete’s blood is:
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Diabetic emergency.
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When checking for a concussion, common symptoms often include:
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Any of the above.
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A rapid, weak pulse, confusion and seizures are among the signals of which life- threatening condition?
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Heat stroke.
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An athlete with frostbite would exhibit which of the following?
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Skin that appears waxy.
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If an athlete takes a direct blow to the head, neck or back during an event, practice or game and becomes unconscious you should always:
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Provide adequate head and neck stabilization until EMS personnel arrive.
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What is a common signal of sudden illness?
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All of the above.
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When caring for an athlete with hypothermia, which action would be appropriate?
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Notify local emergency medical services.
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After putting on disposable gloves, what is the first step in caring for a wound with significant bleeding?
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Apply direct pressure with a sterile or clean dressing.
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When applying a roller bandage, always:
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Check the area above and below the injury site for feeling, warmth and color.
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If an open wound continues to bleed after applying direct pressure:
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All of the above.
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When caring for an athlete who is having a seizure, you should:
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Remove nearby objects that might cause injury.
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For an athlete who is suffering from a skin condition or an infection, you should:
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Have the athlete evaluated by the appropriate health-care professional.
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The simplest type of closed wound is:
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Bruise.
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By following universal precautions to protect yourself and the injured or ill athlete, you can:
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Minimize the risk of disease transmission.
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An athlete sustains an injury in which the bone at a joint has moved away from its normal position. This is called:
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Dislocation.
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Which is a sign that the condition of an athlete with hypothermia needs immediate medical attention?
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The athlete stops shivering.

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