Chapter 3 (Phlebotomy)

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According to standard first aid procedures, severe external bleeding is best controlled by…
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applying direct pressure
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Class C fires…
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involve electrical equipment
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Vaccination against HBV involves…
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a dose of vaccine, another 1 month later, and a final dose 6 months later.
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An example of employee screening for infection control is…
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PPD testing
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Which of the following is not one of the code words I the NFPA order of action in the event of fire?
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smother
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The purpose of “protective” isolation is to…
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protect susceptible patients from outside contamination.
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The OSHA HAZCOM Standard is also commonly called the…
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Right-to-Know law.
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What is the proper order for putting on protective clothing?
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Gown first, then mask, gloves last.
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Federal law requires that hepatitis B vaccination be made available to employees assigned to duties with occupational exposure risk…
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within 10 working days of initial assignment.
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What is the first thing the phlebotomist should do in the event of an accidental needle stick?
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Decontaminate the site and fill out an incident report.
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The main principals involved in radiation exposure are…
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exposure time, distance, and shielding.
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Examples of nosocomial infections include…
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when a catheter site of a patient in ICU becomes infected.
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In what instance might a patient be placed in protective isolation?
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The patient has severe burns
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Which of the following is an example of a work practice control that reduces risk of exposure to blood borne pathogens?
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Hand decontamination.
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Which type of contact infection transmission involves transfer of an infective microbe to the mucous membranes of a susceptible individual by means of a cough or sneeze?
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Droplet
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The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Ace directed OSHA to revise the BBP standard in all of the following areas except…
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availability of vaccination against HBV for all employees.
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Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens can occur if which of the following happens while the healthcare worker is performing his or her duties?
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All of the answers are correct.
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The abbreviation PPE stands for…
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Personal Protection Equipment.
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The abbreviation for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is…
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CDC
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True or False? A class A fire occurs when flammable liquids are involved.
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False.
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True or False? Sterile gloves must be used when collecting and handling blood specimens.
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False.
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True or False? Eating fresh vegetable and while grains can help a person stay healthy.
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True.
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True or False? Applying lip-balm in the lab is acceptable when an employee has chapped lips.
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False.
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CDC stands for…
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Centers to Disease Control and Prevention.
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HBV stands for…
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Hepatitis B Virus.
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HCV stands for…
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Hepatitis C Virus.
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MSDS stands for…
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Material Safety Data Sheet.
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PPE stands for…
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Personal Protection Equipment.
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Terms used to identify components of the chain of infection include:
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All of the above.
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Which of the following is an example of employee screening for infection control?
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TB testing
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CDC and HICPAC recommendations allow the use of alcohol-based antiseptic hand cleaners in the place of hand washing as long as…
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gloves were worn during the prior activity.
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Standard precautions:
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are to be used when caring for all patients at all time.
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Which of the following would violate a lab safety rule?
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All of the above
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Which of the following meet the OSHA BBP?
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All of the above
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The best defense against HBV infection is:
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HBV vaccination
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Which of the following involves the possibility of a permucosal BBP exposure?
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Licking the fingers to turn lab pages
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Proper procedures for cleaning the site of an injury form a contaminated needle includes:
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washing it with soap and water for at least 30 seconds.
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Class C fires occur with:
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electrical equipment
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Normally the most effective means of controlling external hemorrhage is:
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applying firm direct pressure
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In the envent of a chemical splash to the eyes, they should be flushed with water for:
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15 minutes
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What is in a lipid panel?
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Cholesterol, Triglycerides, and protein
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Biohazard:
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Anything potentially harmful to your health.
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Chain of infection:
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A number of infections that lead to an infections
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Engineering Controls:
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Devices such as sharp disposal container and needles with safety features that isolate or remove a blood borne pathogen hazard from a workplace.
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EPA:
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Environmental Protection Agency
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Fire Tetrahedron:
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The latest way of looking at the chemistry fire. The chemical reaction that produces fire is added as a fourth component to the fire triangle fuel, heat, oxygen.
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Fomites:
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Inanimate objects
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HazCom:
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Abbreviation for the OSHA hazard communication standard.
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Hicpac:
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Health infection control practices advisory committee
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Immune:
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Protected form or resistant to a particular disease because of the development of antibodies
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Infectious / Causative agent:
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The pathogen responsible for causing an infection
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Infection:
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Invasion of the body by a pathogenic microorganism, resulting in injurious effects or disease
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Isolation Procedures
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