Toxic Shock Syndrome Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Toxic Shock Syndrome?
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a rare but potentially life-threatening illness caused by bacteria. It typically occurs in women following use of certain types of superabsorbent tampons. Symptoms can develop quickly and include a sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, fainting, and a rash that looks like sunburn. If left untreated, Toxic Shock Syndrome can cause organ damage or even death. The most common cause of Toxic Shock Syndrome is caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). This bacteria produces toxins that are released into the blood circulation system and can cause serious symptoms within hours of exposure. The toxins produced by S. aureus also damage tissue and organs in the body which can lead to shock or even death if left untreated. The vast majority of cases occur among menstruating women using superabsorbent tampons; however, it has been reported in other individuals such as post-operative patients, intravenous drug users, those with HIV/AIDS and newborns infected during delivery or afterwards as well as people with skin wounds or burns who are at risk for developing S.aureus infections from contact with contaminated surfaces or objects such as wound dressings or bandages used for care at home. To reduce the risk of TSS it is important to practice good hygiene habits including changing tampons regularly (at least every 4-8 hours), avoiding leaving one in overnight and washing hands thoroughly after changing them. It’s also important to be mindful of other potential sources such as cuts on the skin from shaving which could become infected with S.aureus bacteria. Additionally , individuals should seek medical attention immediately if any signs or symptoms associated with TSS develop so that treatment may be started promptly before complications arise. In conclusion , Toxic Shock Syndrome is an uncommon yet potentially deadly illness caused by certain types of bacterial infections. Awareness among individuals regarding its causes , symptoms , and prevention strategies are essential for reducing its incidence rate so people may take the necessary steps to protect their health when using absorbent products like tampons .