Medical Terminology “a Body Systems Approach” – Chapter

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Insufflation is performed to increase the space between structures for a more accurate diagnosis.

true/false

true
The suffix -arche means:

a. pregnancy.
b. birth.
c. turning.
d. to bear (offspring).
e. beginning.

e. beginning.
Which instrument is used to examine the vagina and cervix uteri?

a. Colposcope
b. Salpingoscope
c. Salpingoscopy
d. Cystoscope
e. Colposcopy

a. Colposcope
Which procedure involves the surgical closure of the vaginal canal?

a. Cerclage
b. Conization
c. Insufflation
d. Cordocentesis
e. Colpocleisis

e. Colpocleisis
The neck of the uterus is called the:

a. labia minora.
b. cervix uteri.
c. Bartholin gland.
d. clitoris.
e. vulva.

b. cervix uteri.
The presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterus is called:

a. toxic shock syndrome.
b. endometriosis
.c. introitus.
d. eclampsia.
e. kernicterus.

b. endometriosis
The structure that contains an unripened ovum is called the:

a. fimbria.
b. graafian follicle.
c. fundus.
d. fallopian tube.
e. endometrium.

b. graafian follicle.
The suffix -cyesis means:

a. pregnancy.
b. beginning.
c. labor.
d. offspring.
e. turning.

a. pregnancy.
A pregnant woman is a:

a. multipara.
b. gravida.
c. nullipara.
d. primipara.
e. multigravida.

b. gravida.
An abnormal heightened immune response is a characteristic of HIV.

true/false

false
What is the name of the cycle in which the egg matures?

a. Ovulatory
b. Parturition
c. Postovulatory
d. Menstrual
e. Preovulatory

a. Ovulatory
Which procedure involves incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove a fetus?

a. C-section
b. Cerclage
c. Episiotomy
d. Episiorrhaphy
e. Cauterization

a. C-section
Which of the following terms means excessive menstrual bleeding?

a. Dysmenorrhea
b. Menorrhagia
c. Hemomenorrhea
d. Menorrhea
e. Oligomenorrhea

b. Menorrhagia
The suffix -tocia means:

a. poison.
b. menstruation.
c. pregnancy.
d. false.
e. childbirth, labor.

e. childbirth, labor.
The CF metri/o means:

a. labor.
b. birth.
c. perineum.
d. uterus (womb).
e. menses.

d. uterus (womb).
Which classification of drugs is used to treat symptoms of menopause?

a. Prostaglandins
b. Estrogens
c. Antifungals
d. Oxytocics
e. Oral contraceptives

b. Estrogens
Gravida refers to a viable birth.

true/false

false
A hemorrhage from the urethra is called:

a. urethropathy.
b. urethrostenosis.
c. urethrolithiasis.
d. urethrorrhagia.
e. urethrodynia.

d. urethrorrhagia.
HRT may contribute to neoplastic changes in estrogen-sensitive aging tissue.

true/false

true
What is the normal position of the uterus?

a. Dorsiflexion
b. Retroflexion
c. Upright
d. Anteflexion
e. Dextroposition

d. Anteflexion
What does colpodynia mean?

a. Pain in the uterus
b. Pain in the vagina
c. Pain in the cervix
d. Pain in the ovaries
e. Pain in the fallopian tube

b. Pain in the vagina
Why do most women with PMS seek medical treatment?

a. Hypermenorrhea
b. Mood changes
c. Headaches
d. Breast tenderness
e. Water retention

b. Mood changes
The area between the vaginal orifice and the anus is called the:

a. peritoneum.
b. pubis.
c. adnexa.
d. placenta.
e. perineum.

e. perineum.
A decrease in the number of circulating RBCs is called:

a. erythrocytosis.
b. erythropenia.
c. erythroblastosis.
d. erythemia.
e. erythrophilia.

b. erythropenia.
menarche
beginning of menstuation
The CF oophor/o means:

a. vagina.
b. perineum.
c. ovum.
d. ovary.
e. uterus.

d. ovary.
Which of the following structures is associated with salpingitis?

a. Vagina
b. Cervix
c. Ovaries
d. Fallopian tubes
e. Uterus

d. Fallopian tubes
Eclampsia is an acute inflammatory condition of the uterus.

true/false

false
An inflammation of the cervical lining is known as endocervicitis.

true/false

true
Abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another is a fissure.

true/false

false
Down syndrome is also known as trisomy 21.

true/false

true
In which obstetric complication does the placenta attach close to or cover the cervical canal?

a. Abruptio placentae
b. Preeclampsia
c. Ectopic pregnancy
d. Breech pregnancy
e. Placenta previa

e. Placenta previa
A freely movable joint is called:

a. synarthrosis.
b. diarthrosis.
c. amphiarthrosis.
d. suture joint.
e. symphysis.

b. diarthrosis.
An intrauterine device is placed inside the uterus to:

a. prevent polyps.
b. initiate an abortion.
c. prevent pregnancy.
d. control an infection.
e. lubricate the uterus.

c. prevent pregnancy.
A reticulocyte is a(n):
a. immature neutrophil.
b. immature RBC.
c. blastic RBC.
d. immature platelet.
e. blastic WBC
b. immature RBC.
The suffix -para means:

a. abdomen.
b. pregnancy.
c. beginning.
d. abnormal.
e. to bear (offspring).

e. to bear (offspring).
An endoscopic procedure used to visually examine the abdominal cavity by making a small incision in the abdominal wall is called:

a. endosalpingoscopy.
b. vaginoscopy.
c. endoscopy.
d. colposcopy.
e. laparoscopy.

e. laparoscopy.
A malignant tumor arising from bone is called sarcoma.

true/false

true
The CF gynec/o means:

a. woman, female.
b. childbirth.
c. ovary.
d. disease.
e. uterus.

a. woman, female.
Atresia is an inflammatory condition of the cervix.

true/false

false
An abnormal condition of a swayback posture is called:

a. arthrosis.
b. lordosis.
c. ankylosis.
d. scoliosis.
e. kyphosis.

b. lordosis.
A tumor of the tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist, is called:

a. osteochondroma.
b. osteoma.
c. osteocarcinoma.
d. ganglion cyst.
e. chondroma.

d. ganglion cyst.
Which procedure is a type of sterilization surgery?
a. Conization
b. Hymenotomy
c. Episiotomy
d. Cryocautery
e. Tubal ligation
e. Tubal ligation
A pregnancy in which a fertilized ovum becomes implanted on any tissue other than the uterine lining is called:

a. breech pregnancy.
b. ectopic pregnancy.
c. placenta previa.
d. preeclampsia.
e. abruptio placentae.

b. ectopic pregnancy.
Which term means difficult labor?

a. Parturition
b. Dystocia
c. Abruptio placentae
d. Eclampsia
e. Dyspareunia

b. Dystocia
An abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis due to accumulated urine that cannot flow past the obstruction is called:

a. pyelostenosis.
b. ureterectasis.
c. hydronephrosis.
d. pyelopathy.
e. anuria.

c. hydronephrosis.
A major cause of edema is:

a. polycythemia.
b. anemia.
c. hypoproteinemia.
d. erythrocytosis.
e. HIV.

c. hypoproteinemia.
A malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy is called:

a. sarcoma.
b. fibroids.
c. carcinoma.
d. choriocarcinoma.
e. polyps.

d. choriocarcinoma.
The vaginal orifice is lubricated by secretions from the:

a. fallopian tubes.
b. uterus.
c. Bartholin glands.
d. ovaries.
e. cervix.

c. Bartholin glands.
What is the procedure for surgical fixation of a prolapsed uterus?

a. Hysteroplasty
b. Hysterorrhexis
c. Hysteropexy
d. Metroptosis
e. Hysteroptosis

c. Hysteropexy
Benign uterine tumors are called:

a. polyps.
b. fibroids.
c. corpus luteum.
d. sarcomas.
e. carcinomas.

b. fibroids.
Tubal ligation is performed to suture the cervix.

true/false

false
A skin rash associated with an allergy is called:

a. urticaria.
b. ulcer.
c. fissure.
d. bullae.
e. papillae.

a. urticaria.
A woman who has delivered more than one viable infant is a:

a. multigravida.
b. primipara.
c. multipara.
d. nullipara.
e. gravida.

c. multipara.
An inability to become pregnant is called sterility.

true/false

true
Excision of a small primary breast tumor is called:

a. lumpectomy.
b. augmentation.
c. modified mastectomy.
d. mammoplasty.
e. mastectomy.

a. lumpectomy.
Which term means pus in the fallopian tube?

a. Salpingocele
b. Pyosalpinx
c. Salpingoma
d. Salpingocyesis
e. Pyogenesis

b. Pyosalpinx
Breech presentation occurs when the fetal head presents first.

true/false

false
A life-threatening allergic reaction is called:

a. syncope.
b. apoplexy.
c. sensitization.
d. anaphylaxis.
e. induration.

d. anaphylaxis.
Which procedure is used to remove abnormal tissue from inside the uterus?
a. Dilation with excision
b. Dilation and expansion
c. Dilation and histiolysis
d. Dilation with hysteroscopy
e. Dilation and curettage
e. Dilation and curettage
A large, rounded process on a bone is called:

a. fossa.
b. articulation.
c. condyle.
d. sulcus.
e. tuberosity.

e. tuberosity.
A segment of necrosed bone is called:

a. rachitis.
b. rickets.
c. necropsy.
d. subluxation.
e. sequestrum.

e. sequestrum.
After wastes are removed, blood leaves the kidney by way of the:

a. portal vein.
b. ureter.
c. renal vein.
d. urinary meatus.
e. renal artery.

c. renal vein.
Which term refers to the production and release of milk from the mammary glands?

a. Menarche
b. Climacteric
c. Puerperium
d. Gestaton
e. Lactation

e. Lactation
What is the term for a hernia of the fallopian tube?

a. Hydrocele
b. Metrocele
c. Salpingocele
d. Colpocystocele
e. Hysterocele

c. Salpingocele
The internal female reproductive organs include the:
a. clitoris.
b. pubis.
c. mons pubis.
d. uterus.
e. vulva.
d. uterus.
An abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another is called a(n):

a. vessel.
b. fistula.
c. abscess.
d. duct.
e. fissure.

b. fistula.
A type of elastic connective tissue that provides a smooth surface for movement of the joints is called the:

a. spongy bone.
b. proximal epiphysis.
c. distal epiphysis.
d. articular cartilage.
e. periosteum.

d. articular cartilage.
Which freezing procedure destroys chronic cervical infections and erosions?

a. Cryocautery
b. Histiolysis
c. Conization
d. Cerclage
e. Insufflation

a. Cryocautery
Which procedure employs ultrasound guidance for the removal of fetal blood to identify genetic abnormalities?

a. Cordocentesis
b. Conization
c. Amniocentesis
d. Chorionic villus sampling
e. Cerclage

a. Cordocentesis
Gonorrhea and chlamydia are:

a. yeast infections.
b. sexually transmitted diseases.
c. infections of the ovaries.
d. carcinomas of the uterus.
e. fatal septicemias.

b. sexually transmitted diseases.
Which classification of drugs is used to treat a vaginal yeast infection?

a. Antifungals
b. Oxytocics
c. Spermicides
d. Estrogens
e. Prostaglandins

a. Antifungals
The cervix is superior to the:

a. uterus.
b. vagina.
c. fundus.
d. ovaries.
e. fallopian tubes.

b. vagina.
A closed reduction is performed to realign fractured bones by surgical techniques.
true/false
false
A narrowing or stricture of the urethra is called:
a. urethrism.
b. urethratresia.
c. urethrostenosis.
d. urethritis.
e. urethrophraxis.
c. urethrostenosis.
A procedure in which high-frequency sound waves produce images of the bladder to determine bladder volume and identify incomplete bladder emptying is called:

a. cystography.
b. bladder ultrasonography.
c. electromyography.
d. cystoscopy.
e. cystourethrography.

b. bladder ultrasonography.
A hysterectomy in which the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain is called:

a. bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
b. subtotal hysterectomy.
c. total hysterectomy.
d. complete hysterectomy.
e. salpingectomy.

b. subtotal hysterectomy.
The clinical term for giving birth is called gestation.

true/false

false
Which classification of drugs is used to terminate pregnancy?

a. Spermicides
b. Oxytocics
c. Oral contraceptives
d. Progesterone
e. Prostaglandins

a. spermicides
The suffix -gravida means:
a. second pregnancy.
b. childbirth.
c. beginning of pregnancy.
d. pregnant woman.
e. first pregnancy.
d. pregnant woman.
The CF metr/o means:

a. menses.
b. perineum.
c. labor.
d. birth.
e. uterus (womb); measure.

e. uterus (womb); measure.
A metabolic bone disorder, particularly common in postmenopausal women, is called:

a. scoliosis.
b. lordosis.
c. kyphosis.
d. osteitis deformans.
e. osteoporosis.

e. osteoporosis.
What classification of drugs is used as a method of birth control?

a. Estrogens
b. Spermicides
c. Progesterins
d. Prostaglandins
e. Oxytocics

b. Spermicides
The period of pregnancy is called:
a. maturation.
b. coitus.
c. parturition.
d. puerperium.
e. gestation.
e. gestation.
A homologous transplant is also called a(n):

a. heterologous transplant.
b. allogenic transplant.
c. heterograft.
d. autograft.
e. xenograft.

b. allogenic transplant.
An entrance to a cavity or space is the:

a. orifice.
b. cuff.
c. pelvis.
d. fundus.
e. atresia.

a. orifice.
Which of the following is a structure of the external female genitalia?

a. Ovaries
b. Corpus luteum
c. Oviducts
d. Vestibule
e. Vulva

e. Vulva
Which classification of drugs is used to destroy sperm?

a. Prostaglandins
b. Spermicides
c. Estrogens
d. Antifungals
e. Oxytocics

b. Spermicides
The combining form (CF) colp/o means:

a. perineum.
b. ovary.
c. uterus.
d. pregnancy.
e. vagina.

e. vagina.
A Pap smear is used primarily to screen and diagnose:

a. gonorrhea.
b. syphilis.
c. eclampsia.
d. cervical cancer.
e. colpitis.

d. cervical cancer.
The CF hyster/o means:

a. neck of the uterus.
b. fallopian tubes.
c. uterus (womb).
d. ovary.
e. menstruation.

c. uterus (womb).
The prefix primi- means:
a. second.
b. fourth.
c. none.
d. first.
e. many.
d. first.
What is the most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy?

a. Dyspareunia
b. Eclampsia
c. Dystocia
d. Parturition
e. Abruptio placentae

b. Eclampsia
A mass of extravasated, usually clotted blood found in tissues or organs is called:
a. hemophilia.
b. hematoma.
c. hematin.
d. hemostasis.
e. hemangioma.
b. hematoma.
The CF mast/o means:

a. menses.
b. ovary.
c. uterus.
d. breast.
e. vagina.

d. breast.
Hysterectomy is excision of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

true/false

false
Breast augmentation is an insertion of a breast prosthesis to increase its size.
true/false
true
A radiographic examination of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast medium is called:

a. DRE.
b. PSA.
c. BNO.
d. KUB.
e. IVP.

e. IVP.
Which hormone is used to induce labor?

a. Vasopressin
b. Luteinizing hormone
c. Progesterone
d. Oxytocin
e. Estrogen

d. Oxytocin
The last stage of labor is the:

a. stage of parturition.
b. gestational stage.
c. stage of expulsion.
d. placental stage.
e. stage of dilation.

d. placental stage.
A woman who is pregnant for the first time is a:

a. multipara.
b. primigravida.
c. multigravida.
d. gravida.
e. nullipara.

b. primigravida.
A woman who has been pregnant more than once is a:

a. nullipara.
b. multipara.
c. multigravida.
d. primipara.
e. gravida.

c. multigravida.
Which procedure involves the surgical fixation of a prolapsed uterus?

a. Hysterotomy
b. Hysteropexy
c. Hysterectomy
d. Hysteroplasty
e. Hysteroptosis

b. Hysteropexy

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