Integrated Pest Management Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Integrated Pest Management?
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an environmentally conscious and cost-effective approach to managing pests. This method utilizes a combination of pest control techniques, including prevention, monitoring, and control, to keep pests at acceptable levels. The goal of IPM is to reduce the amount of pesticide use while still maintaining an acceptable level of pest management.The first step in any IPM program is prevention. This includes making sure that areas are kept clean and free from potential harborage sites for pests. It also means sealing up cracks and crevices around windows and doors where pests could enter the home or office building. Additionally, landscapers should remove weeds on a regular basis as weeds can provide food sources for many types of insects.Once prevention has been established, it’s important to monitor the population levels of any potential pests that may be present in an area. This involves using traps or other detection methods to determine if an infestation has occurred or if there are large numbers of a certain species present in an area. Once a population has been detected, further action can be taken by introducing biological agents such as predators or parasites that will help reduce populations naturally without the need for pesticides or other chemical controls. In some cases, physical removal or exclusion may be necessary as well if populations are too high for natural control methods alone to work effectively. Finally, when all other IPM measures have failed or when there is an urgent need for pest control due to health concerns from disease-carrying insects like mosquitoes or ticks, then chemical controls become necessary with pesticides being used as needed to manage high population levels quickly and effectively while minimizing their impact on human health and the environment overall. When using pesticides it’s important to remember that they should only be used in areas where they are absolutely necessary and according to label directions in order minimize their negative impacts on non-target organisms such as beneficial insects like pollinators which play a crucial role in our ecosystems’ health overall.