Specific Immune Response Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Specific Immune Response?
The Specific Immune Response is a type of immune system response that is tailored specifically to protect against a particular pathogen or foreign substance. This response occurs when the body’s immune system recognizes and targets a specific antigen, such as those found on certain bacteria or viruses. When this happens, the body produces antibodies that recognize and bind to the antigen, neutralizing it and preventing it from causing harm.The Specific Immune Response first starts with recognition of an antigen by cells of the immune system, known as antigen-presenting cells (APCs). These APCs present pieces of the antigen to lymphocytes called T-cells in order for them to recognize it. Once recognized, these T-cells release cytokines which activate other components of the immune system in order to target and destroy the invader. In addition, B-cells are activated which produce antibodies specific for that pathogen or foreign substance which further help in its destruction.The Specific Immune Response also includes memory cells which can help provide long term protection from re-exposure to an already encountered antigen or pathogen. These memory cells can quickly respond upon subsequent encounters with an already known antigens without having to wait for new antibody production via B-cells activation.In conclusion, while all forms of immunity are important in protecting us from disease and illness, understanding how our bodies initiate and carry out a Specific Immune Response provides insight into how we can better protect ourselves against various threats encountered at any given time.