Long Term And Short Term Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Long Term And Short Term?
MemoryLong term memory and short term memory are two distinct aspects of the brain’s ability to recall information. Long term memory is the ability to store memories for an extended period of time, like remembering a person’s name for years after meeting them. Short term memory is the more immediate recall of information, like memorizing a phone number that you just heard.Long-term memories are formed through a process known as consolidation, which involves combining new information with existing knowledge in order to make it more permanent. This process requires several steps including encoding (translating into neural language), storage (storing in different parts of the brain) and retrieval (recalling from memory). It can take days or even weeks for something to become embedded as a long-term memory in the brain. Short-term memories, on the other hand, are typically encoded quickly and without effortful processing due to their limited duration. Information stored in this type of memory will remain active only briefly before being forgotten unless it is rehearsed or retrieved quickly enough that it enters long-term storage. Short-term memories can be enhanced by repetition or associations with other ideas that help make them easier to remember. Both long-term and short-term memories have important roles in our everyday lives and contribute significantly to our overall functioning as human beings. Long-term memories allow us to build on prior experiences while short-term ones provide us with instantaneous access to recently acquired knowledge or skills when needed most.