Medical Terminology – Lesson 5

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edema
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swelling caused by an accumulation of fluid in tissue
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hydrops, dropsy
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swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue over large areas of the body
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ascites
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accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity; baggy disease
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amnesia
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partial or total loss of memory
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amnesty
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the formal act of liberating someone; pardon
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mnemonic
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pertaining to or assisting the memory
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memory
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the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered
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mental
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involving the mind or an intellectual process
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amnion
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thin innermost membranous transparent sac in which the fetus is suspended
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liquor amnii
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amniotic fluid surrounding the amnion that protects the fetus from injury
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amniocentesis
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puncturing of the abdomen with a long, thin, hollow needle, and the removal of a small amount of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus
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hydrophobia
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Fear of water; excruciating spasms of the throat muscles whenever the victim attempts to drink even though the victim is at the point of death from dehydration; fatal disease
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phrenic nerve
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innervates the diaphragm
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tachyphrenia
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abnormally rapid mental activity
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physiognomy
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facial features; human countenance
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physiognosis
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diagnosis from one’s facial appearance
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leukodiagnosis
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diagnosis from an examination of leukocytes
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physic
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physical, natural
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physics
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the science of matter and energy and their interactions
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physical
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nature or appearance of something
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physician
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a doctor
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phytogenous
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arising or caused by plants
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phytotoxin
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poison derived from plants
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dermatophyte
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a fungal (that is, plant) organism growing in or on the skin
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osteophyte
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bony outgrowth
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schizophrenia
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split in the mind / personality
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achromatosis
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condition of being without natural pigmentation; albinism
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agnosia
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lack of knowledge
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anmiography
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radiography of the fetus for abnormalities after injection of a water soluble medium into amniotic sac
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anaphylaxis
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allergic reaction; a type I hypersensitivity
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anoxia
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absence of oxygen
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aphemia
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loss of ability to speak
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ascus
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a saclike spore case in which ascospores are formed
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barylalia
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indistinct, husky speech due to imperfect articulation
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bradylexia
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condition of slow reading
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cholemesis
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vomiting bile
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chromophobia
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Fear of colors
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diaphragmitis
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inflammation of the diaphragm.
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dipsophobia
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fear of thirst
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dysacousia
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condition of difficult hearing, discomfort caused by loud noises
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dysmnesia
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Impaired memory.
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echogram
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a recording of ultrasound echo patterns of a body structure; sonogram
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emetic
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substance causing vomiting
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hypophrenia
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mental retardation
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lalopathology
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study of speech disorders
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laparocholecystotomy
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making an incision in the abdominal wall to get the gall bladder
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leukopoiesis
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white blood cell production
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logagnosia
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inability to recognize words
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monophasia
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saying one thing repeatedly; inability to speak more than one word or phrase
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myelopoiesis
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formation and development of bone marrow or cells that originate from it
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neostomy
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surgical opening between 2 organs
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nephremphraxis
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obstruction of the circulation of blood in kidneys
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oxyacusis
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abnormally (keen) sharp hearing
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oxyesthesia
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abnormal acuteness of sensation; unusally keen senses
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paracentesis
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surgical puncture with a hollow needle to remove fluid from the abdomen
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paranoid
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abnormal thinking; delusional stage of persecution
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paraphemia
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speech disorder
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parorexia
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abnormal appetite
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periphrenitis
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inflammation around the diaphragm
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phage
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bacterial virus that engulfs bacteria
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phagocytosis
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process in which phagocytes engulf and digest or destroy bacteria
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phoniatrics
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treatment of speech defects
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phrenicotomy
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cutting of the phrenic nerve to paralyze diaphragm on one side
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polyphrasia
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excessive talkativeness
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psychochromesthesia
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Color sensation not coming from vision
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saprobe
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saprophyte
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saprophyte
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any organism living on decaying or dead organic matter
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stearodermia
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sebaceous glands of the skin, condition of oily skin
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steatoma
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tumor of sebaceous gland
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tachyphasia
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abnormal rapid speech
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toxophylaxin
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a substance that neutralizes bacterial poison
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anorexia
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lack or loss of appetite
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hyperemesis
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excessive vomiting
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baryphonia
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heavy, thick quality of voice
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dysphagia
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difficulty in swallowing
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hematopoiesis
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production of blood (cells)
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amblyacousia
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dullness of hearing
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laparotomy
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surgical opening of the abdomen
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polydipsia
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excessive thrist; abnormal thirst
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arthrocentesis
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Puncture of a joint (space)
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anamniotic
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without an aminon
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monochromatic
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having one color
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hypoxemia
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decreased oxygen (tension) in the blood
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edematogenic
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causing edema
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lalorrhea
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abnormal flow of speech
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phytotoxin
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poison (produced by or derived) from a plant
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oxycephaly
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denoting a head that is pointed and conelike
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phonasthenia
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vocal weakness
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pharmacophobia
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abnormal fear of taking medicines
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aphagia
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inability to swallow
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acanthoid
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resembling thorny or spiny
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algophobia
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fear of pain
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amblychromatic
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dull colors, tissues that stain poorly
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amniorrhexis
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rupture of the amnion
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anisochromatic
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unequal coloration
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baryophobia
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fear that child will become obese
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centesis
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surgical puncture o f a cavity with removal of fluid through a hollow needle
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chromatogenous
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causing color or pigmentation
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chromidrosis
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sweating colors
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chromotherapy
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treatment of disease by colored lights
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dyslalia
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difficulty speaking
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echopathy
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pathological repitition of others actions or words
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ectophyte
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parasite growing on the skin from a vegetable; ring worm
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erythrophage
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destroyer of red blood cells by phagocytes
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erythropoiesis
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Production of red blood cells
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euphonia
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pleasant voice; normal clear voice
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gastrophrenic
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pertaining to stomach and diaphragm
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hematophyte
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plant parasite in the blood
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homogenize
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to make uniform
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hypacousia
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impaired hearing
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hyperphrenia
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excessive mental activity, thinking too much
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hypomnesia
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impaired memory
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isochromatic
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constant or same color; even coloration
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lalopathy
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disorder of organs or muscles that control speech
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laparoenterostomy
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opening of small intestine on the surface of the abdomen
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laparomyitis
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inflammation of abdominal muscles
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leptochromatic
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having fine chromatin network
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leukopoietic
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pertaining to production of white blood cells
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monophagia
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eating only one thing
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necrophagous
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eating dead animals or decaying flesh
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odynacusis
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painful hearing
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oligohydramnios
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too little amniotic fluid
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onychophagy
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Nail biting
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paranoia
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delusions, abnormal thinking
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paraphrenitis
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inflammation of tissue around diaphragm
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phagocytolysis
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destruction of phagocytes
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pharmacotherapy
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treatment by drugs
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phonopathy
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disorder of organs affecting voice
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phytogenous
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production or orgination in plants
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polyphagia
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excessive eating; gluttony
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prophylatic
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prevention agent; drugs that are used to lessen the severity of a disease
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pyemia
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pus in the blood
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saprogenic
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causing or produced by decay or rotting material
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splenemphraxis
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Obstruction of spleen
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steatopathy
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disease of the skin’s sebaceous glands
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steatorrhea
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flowing of oil, oily skin
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tachylalia
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abnormally rapid speech
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tachyphrasia
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abnormally rapid speech
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paracusia
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abnormal hearing
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amniorrhea
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leaking of amniotic fluid
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amniotone
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something used to cut the amnion
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allalia
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lack of speech
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tachyphagia
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eating too fast
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pyophagia
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eating pus
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microbiophobia
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fear of germs
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graphophobia
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fear of writing
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hypnophobia
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fear of sleep
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angiemphraxis
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blockage of a vessel
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oxyphonia
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having a sharp voice
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laparohepatotomy
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an incision into the liver through the abdominal wall
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acroedema
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swelling of extremities
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cholepoiesis
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production of bile in liver
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lalophobia
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Fear of public speaking; fear of talking
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atexia
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inability to read
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pericardiocentesis
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surgical puncture of the membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium) in order to remove fluid

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