Female Reproductive System Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Female Reproductive System?
The female reproductive system is a complex network of organs, hormones, and structures that work together to make sure that reproduction can take place. It is responsible for producing eggs, nurturing the developing fetus and delivering a baby at the end of the pregnancy. The main components of the female reproductive system are: the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina. The ovaries are located on either side of the pelvis and produce egg cells each month called ova or oocytes. Every month during menstruation one of these eggs will travel down one of the fallopian tubes towards the uterus in a process known as ovulation. Once in the uterus it can be fertilized by sperm if sexual intercourse has taken place within 24 hours prior to or after it being released from an ovary. The fallopian tubes lead from each ovary to connect with the uterus which serves as a home for any fertilized egg cells and where they will develop into fetuses over nine months in what is known as gestation period. The cervix connects with both ends of this organ its external opening is found at the top end while its internal opening leads into what’s called a cervical canal which links it to both sides of uterus allowing sperm to enter from outside and menstrual flow pass outwards during menstruation cycles. The vagina provides passage way between internal organs and outside world through which sperms enter pelvic area during sexual intercourse and baby passes outwards during labor when delivery takes place at full term pregnancy stage. Finally, hormones known as estrogen and progesterone play an important role throughout this process by regulating different stages such as menstruation, pregnancy, lactation etc., all contributing towards successful reproduction cycle taking place in females body throughout their lifespan when fertile from puberty till menopause age marks end of fertile time period for most women around them world wide today.