Endocrine System Medical Terminology Chapter 16
The gland that is approximately the size of a pea and is located at the base of the brain is called the:
The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is also called the:
The parathyroid glands are:
four small bodies embedded in the posterior lobes of the thyroid gland
The adrenal glands are:
paired glands, one of which is located above each kidney
The hormone that regulates development, growth, and function of the ovaries and testes is:
The hormone that affects the male and female reproductive systems is:
Hydrocortisone is also called:
The pituitary gland is also called the:
Which of the following is true of the thyroid gland?
It is the largest endocrine gland.
The combining form meaning the outer layer of a body organ is:
The combining form meaning parathyroid glands is:
Adenohypophysis is another name for the:
anterior pituitary lobe
A test to assess a child’s growth hormone levels would focus on the functioning of the:
The combining form meaning calcium is:
The combining form meaning gland is:
The combining form meaning sodium is:
The meaning of the medical term corticoid is:
resembling the cortex
ADH is the abbreviation for:
The medical term isthmus refers to a(n):
narrow strip of tissue connecting two large parts in the body
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are secreted by the:
This hormone is necessary for body cell metabolism:
___________ secretes a “releasing hormone” that stimulates or inhibits the release pituitary gland hormones:
PRH is the abbreviation for:
A narrow strip of tissue that connects two larger structures, for example, the tissue between the two lobes of the thyroid gland, is called a(n):
Correctly identify endocrine gland 1# on the illustration.
Correctly identify endocrine gland 2# on the illustration.
Correctly identify endocrine gland 3# on the illustration.
Correctly identify endocrine gland 4# on the illustration.
Correctly identify endocrine gland 5# on the illustration.
The combining form meaning extremities, height is:
The combining form meaning thirst is:
The medical term that means abnormal protrusion of the eyeball is:
The medical term referring to normal thyroid function is:
William’s adrenal cortices are secreting excessive levels of cortisol, giving him a “moon face” and abnormal pads of fat on his chest, abdomen, and upper back. He also is experiencing muscle atrophy. His physician determines that William has ___.
A patient diagnosed with ___ presents with signs such as insulin resistance, obesity focused on the waist and abdomen, hypertension, and elevated glycemic and triglyceride levels (with low HDL levels).
The condition resulting from uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, in which the body has an abnormal concentration of ketone bodies as a result of excessive fat metabolism:
The medical term that means inflammation of the adrenal gland is:
Alexis’s headaches, chest and abdominal pain, and palpitations turn out to be pheochromocytoma, which is a(n):
non-malignant tumor of the adrenal medulla
The meaning of the medical term adrenomegaly is:
enlargement of (one or both of) the adrenal glands
The meaning of the medical term acromegaly is a(n):
enlargement of the extremities
The medical term meaning excessive sugar in the blood is:
The medical term meaning deficient level of potassium in the blood is:
The meaning of the medical term hypocalcemia is:
deficient level of calcium in the blood
The medical term that means condition of excessive thyroid gland activity is:
The meaning of the medical term thyroiditis is inflammation of the
The medical term for the condition caused by congenital absence or atrophy of the thyroid gland that results in hypothyroidism and characterized by puffy features, mental deficiency, a large tongue, and dwarfism is:
The medical term for the condition brought about by an abnormal accumulation of the acid products of metabolism and seen frequently in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus:
Alicia has experienced recent weight loss, irritability and heat intolerance. The thyroid disorder that most closely matches Alicia’s symptoms is:
A patient who has reported recent weight gain and cold intolerance is diagnosed with ___, which is a state of deficient thyroid gland activity and diminished secretion of thyroid hormones.
The meaning of the medical term thyrotoxicosis is a condition:
caused by excessive thyroid hormones
The meaning of the medical term gigantism is a condition:
brought about by hypersecretion of growth hormone
The medical term for a disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos is
A deficiency of parathyroid hormone has led to a decrease in Mr. Clark’s blood calcium, resulting in ___, a nerve condition that causes muscle spasms.
The abbreviation of the medical term referring to the result of decreased secretion of antidiuretic hormone by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland causing polydipsia and polyuria is:
The meaning of the medical term adrenopathy is:
disease of the adrenal gland
The medical term that describes a serious, chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal secretions of all three categories of adrenal steroids secreted by the adrenal cortex is:
The medical term meaning pertaining to the cortex is:
A syndrome is best defined as:
a set of signs and symptoms
The medical term parathyroidectomy refers to excision of
the parathyroid gland
The medical term adrenalectomy refers to excision of:
an adrenal gland
The medical term thyroidectomy refers to a procedure involving:
the thyroid gland
The medical term that refers to a blood study that gives a direct measurement of the amount of thyroxine in the patient’s blood is:
FBS abbreviates the medical term for a:
blood test that determines the amount of glucose in the blood
To measure long-term blood glucose control, a(n) _____ hemoglobin test is done.
_____ is a test that assesses thyroid function by testing the ability of the thyroid gland to trap and retain radioactive iodine following oral ingestion of the iodine.
Radioactive iodine uptake
The nuclear medicine test that shows the size, shape, and function of the thyroid gland is:
The word part needed to complete the term meaning incision of the thyroid gland, thyroid/o/_____, is:
The abbreviation for the medical term for the procedure that assesses thyroid function by testing the ability of the thyroid gland to trap and retain radioactive iodine following oral ingestion of the iodine is:
The abbreviation for the test that measures the average blood sugar concentration over a period of time is:
The name of the procedure that measures the amount of glucose in the blood at the time of the test is:
The name of the procedure that measures thyroid function is:
radioactive iodine uptake
The procedure that measures average blood sugar concentration over a period of time is:
a glycosylated hemoglobin test
The patient had surgery to excise a gland. Based on this information only, it is most accurate to say that he had a(n):
Tomas’s thyroid tumor is treated by surgical removal. Surgical incision into Tomas’s thyroid gland is called:
A patient has his thyroid and parathyroid glands surgically removed in a procedure called: