Control And Prevention Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Control And Prevention?
Control and prevention of diseases is an important part of public health. It helps keep people healthy and prevent the spread of deadly illnesses like influenza, HIV/AIDS, malaria and more. Control and prevention initiatives can range from vaccinations to quarantine measures such as contact tracing. These measures are designed to reduce the incidence of new infections in a population by identifying cases quickly, isolating those affected, providing treatment as soon as possible, and preventing further transmission through education campaigns.Vaccination is one of the most effective control and prevention methods for many infectious diseases. Vaccines usually contain either weakened or killed forms of a virus or bacteria that stimulate the body’s immune system to recognize it when encountered again in real life so that it can ward off infection without causing illness itself. Vaccines are typically administered before exposure to a disease so that individuals have immunity prior to being exposed in real life; this protects them if they do come into contact with the disease-causing organism later on down the line.In addition to vaccines, control and prevention efforts also include other measures such as screening tests for certain types of cancer or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, along with early detection programs for conditions like diabetes or heart disease which can be managed better if caught early on. Other efforts may involve implementing mosquito control procedures to reduce vector-borne illnesses like malaria or West Nile virus or distributing free condoms at high schools in order to help decrease rates of teen pregnancy due to sexual activity among students there. Finally, another form of disease control involves quarantining individuals who have been infected with an illness until they no longer pose a risk for infecting others; this could mean isolating someone in their home until all symptoms have cleared up completely (if medication was prescribed) or confining them within a hospital setting where doctors can monitor them more closely for any signs that their condition might worsen over time instead. Quarantine is especially important during times when outbreaks occur because it limits how far an agent spreads throughout society before it gets brought under control again via medical intervention such as vaccination campaigns amongst those still susceptible within said area(s).