Ch. 7: Learners with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
In addition to clinical observations, Werner and Strauss used an experimental task consisting of:
Figure/background slides that were presented at very brief exposure times
Cruickshank’s work was important with respect to ADHD for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
He showed that hyperactivity could exist concomitantly with mental retardation
What do many authorities currently suggest should replace inattention as the primary deficit in ADHD?
Behavioral inhibition
What percentage of the school-age population does the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report as having ADHD?
7-9%
Diagnosis of young children with ADHD is particularly difficult because:
Many preschoolers without ADHD exhibit a great deal of activity and impulsivity
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the treatment for ADHD shows that the most effective immediate results is:
Combined medication management and behavioral management
The most frequently prescribed types of medication for students with ADHD are:
Psychostimulants
Most students with ADHD spend most of their time in which of the following settings?
General education classroom
Contingency-based self-management involves having persons:
Keep track of their own behavior and then receive consequences based on an average of their behavior and the other student’s behavior
Determining the antecedents, consequences, and setting events that maintain inappropriate behaviors is called:
Functional behavioral assessment
The National Institute of Health recommends all of the following for students with ADHD EXCEPT:
A strong emphasis on student-directed learning
About how many children with ADHD also have learning disabilities?
50%
An area of deficits that has traditionally been associated with persons with intellectual disabilities but is beginning to be of interest with respect to persons with ADHD is:
Adaptive behavior skills
The basal ganglia and cerebellum are responsible for:
Coordination and control of motor behavior
Which statement about the brains of people with ADHD is true?
Neuroimaging techniques have shown there is neurological basis for ADHD
All of the following are often used as part of the process of diagnosing children with ADHD EXCEPT:
Neuroimaging
A physician credited with being the first to address the issue of attention deficits in the professional literature is:
Melchior Adam Weikard
Which of the following is a reason why ADHD was not included when the federal government began tracking prevalence of disabilities?
The advocacy base for children with ADHD was not yet well-developed
A neurotransmitter involved in sending messages between neurons and the brain that is found in abnormal levels in people with ADHD is:
Dopamine
The part of the brain responsible for executive functions such as the ability to regulate one’s own behavior is the:
Frontal lobes

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