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Ch. 7: Learners with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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In addition to clinical observations, Werner and Strauss used an experimental task consisting of:
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Figure/background slides that were presented at very brief exposure times
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Cruickshank’s work was important with respect to ADHD for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
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He showed that hyperactivity could exist concomitantly with mental retardation
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What do many authorities currently suggest should replace inattention as the primary deficit in ADHD?
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Behavioral inhibition
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What percentage of the school-age population does the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report as having ADHD?
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7-9%
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Diagnosis of young children with ADHD is particularly difficult because:
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Many preschoolers without ADHD exhibit a great deal of activity and impulsivity
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According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the treatment for ADHD shows that the most effective immediate results is:
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Combined medication management and behavioral management
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The most frequently prescribed types of medication for students with ADHD are:
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Psychostimulants
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Most students with ADHD spend most of their time in which of the following settings?
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General education classroom
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Contingency-based self-management involves having persons:
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Keep track of their own behavior and then receive consequences based on an average of their behavior and the other student’s behavior
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Determining the antecedents, consequences, and setting events that maintain inappropriate behaviors is called:
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Functional behavioral assessment
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The National Institute of Health recommends all of the following for students with ADHD EXCEPT:
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A strong emphasis on student-directed learning
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About how many children with ADHD also have learning disabilities?
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50%
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An area of deficits that has traditionally been associated with persons with intellectual disabilities but is beginning to be of interest with respect to persons with ADHD is:
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Adaptive behavior skills
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The basal ganglia and cerebellum are responsible for:
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Coordination and control of motor behavior
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Which statement about the brains of people with ADHD is true?
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Neuroimaging techniques have shown there is neurological basis for ADHD
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All of the following are often used as part of the process of diagnosing children with ADHD EXCEPT:
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Neuroimaging
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A physician credited with being the first to address the issue of attention deficits in the professional literature is:
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Melchior Adam Weikard
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Which of the following is a reason why ADHD was not included when the federal government began tracking prevalence of disabilities?
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The advocacy base for children with ADHD was not yet well-developed
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A neurotransmitter involved in sending messages between neurons and the brain that is found in abnormal levels in people with ADHD is:
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Dopamine
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The part of the brain responsible for executive functions such as the ability to regulate one’s own behavior is the:
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Frontal lobes