Juvenile Justice Review 3 (test 3) – Flashcards

question
What statement with regard to schools is false?
answer
a.the school plays no role in shaping the values of children
question
Which of the following is not one of the problems faced by the U.S. education system?
answer
d.budget cutting has reduced educational resources in many communities
question
Over time the overall dropout rate has:
answer
b.decreased
question
Which of the following is not an educational factor related to dropping out?
answer
c. missing 10% of instructional time in a school year...
question
Research by Dorn leads him to believe that:
answer
a. the dropout problem is a function of inequality of educational opportunity rather than the failure of individual students. ...
question
Those who fail to meet expected levels of school achievement are _________ and are among the most likely to be delinquent.
answer
c. chronic underachievers
question
What percent of Wolfgang's Philadelphia cohort study graduated from high school?
answer
a. 9%...
question
There are three independent views on the association between school failure and delinquency; which of the following statements does not reflect one of these three views?
answer
a. school failure is unrelated to delinquency...
question
Cohen contends that delinquency among lower class youths is a result of their poor preparation and socialization to function in schools. According to Cohen they essentially failed to live up to:
answer
d. middle class measuring rods...
question
Which of the following is not a correlate of school failure according to the text?
answer
b. academic integration...
question
Academic tracking refers to:
answer
c. dividing students into groups according to ability and achievement levels...
question
Which of the following statements about tracking and school failure is true?
answer
a. studies indicate that non-college-track students experience progressive deterioration of achievement...
question
About what percent of students report bringing a weapon to school regularly?
answer
a. 10...
question
Which of the following is not a time when most school shooting incidents occur?
answer
d. during sporting events...
question
Which of the following statements about school shooters is true?
answer
d.school shooters typically develop a plan of attack well in advance...
question
According to the profile developed by the U.S. Secret Service, school shootings:
answer
d. involve shooters with a history of being bullied...
question
Research indicates that the social and educational atmosphere of a school:
answer
a. is one of the most important predictors of levels of violence...
question
Policies that mandate specific consequences or punishments for delinquent acts and do not allow anyone to avoid these consequences are referred to as:
answer
a. zero tolerance policies...
question
A school-based prevention program based on behavioral strategies is most likely to involve:
answer
c.training students in techniques to resist peer pressure...
question
Schools can drug test student athletes according to the United States Supreme Court decision in:
answer
c. vernonia school district v. acton...
question
In what case did the Supreme Court rule that search measures used by school officials to root out contraband must be "reasonably related to the objectives of the search and not excessively intrusive in light of the age and sex of the student and the nature of the infraction?" 3
answer
a.Safford unified school district v. redding ...
question
The 1969 Supreme Court case of Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District is the most important case concerning:
answer
c. a students right to passive speech...
question
Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court ruling in Santa Fe Independent School District, Petitioner v. Jane Doe?
answer
d. the court ruled that prayers led by an "elected" student undermines the protection of minority viewpoints...
question
What legal doctrine gives the schools the right to assume some of the duties of parents, including discipline?
answer
a. in loco parentis...
question
Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court ruling in Ingraham v. Wright concerning corporal punishment in schools?
answer
b.neither the eighth nore the fourteenth amendment was violated by a teachers use of corporal punishment to discipline students...
question
Jazmyn is a 15-year old black Hispanic female who attends an inner-city high school in an economically disadvantaged part of town, where the completion rate is below 40%. Her GPA her first year was below 2.0 due to stress from family dysfunction and conflict. Because she has been placed in remedial classes, Jazmyn has no interest in academics and has been hanging out with older kids who engage in criminal behaviors. She recently started to act out in classes. Placement of Jazmyn in remedial classes is known as:
answer
a. tracking...
question
Which statement is false with regard to minority students in school?
answer
b. black students are less likely to be suspended or expelled than white students...
question
Mark is white, 16-years old and has been bullied since elementary school. He has a history of feeling isolated and severe depression. He recently wrote disturbing and threatening prose in English class. According to the text, what is known about bullying?
answer
d. all are factual about bullying...
question
What is false regarding victims of school crimes?
answer
a. school crime is random...
question
All-American High School has experienced an increase in school violence over the past year. School administration has implemented a number of security strategies, which include searching students randomly and has, ultimately, resulted in the suspensions of some students. What Supreme Court case ruled that any time a student is to be suspended for up to 10 days, he or she is entitled to a hearing?
answer
c. Goss v. Lopez...
question
In what case did the Supreme Court hold that with regard to searches and seizures school officials are not bound by the same restrictions as law enforcement agents?
answer
D.New jersey v. T.L.O...
question
The main active ingredient in marijuana is:
answer
b. tetrahydrocannabinol ...
question
Crack is manufactured by using _________________________ to remove hydrochlorides to create a crystaline form of cocaine that can be smoked.
answer
a. sodium bicarbonate...
question
The most widely used illegal drug amongst teenagers is:
answer
b. marijuana ...
question
Derived from opium, __________________ is the most commonly used narcotic among adults in the United States.
answer
d. heroin...
question
The practice of mixing___________________ is with cocaine is known as speedballing.
answer
d heroin...
question
____________ is probably the most dangerous commonly abused drug.
answer
d. heroin...
question
According to the text, ___________________ may be a factor in nearly half of all murders, suicides, and accidental deaths.
answer
a. alcohol...
question
_________________ are central nervous system depressants, and they produce loss of sensation, stupor, and unconsciousness.
answer
b.anesthetic drugs...
question
The most widely abused anesthetic drug is phencyclidine, also known as:
answer
d. PCP...
question
Volatile liquids that give off a vapor and produce short-term excitement and euphoria followed by a period of disorientation, are known as:
answer
b. inhalents...
question
__________________ are the most commonly used drugs of the barbiturate family, and they depress the central nervous system into a sleeplike condition.
answer
c. sedatives...
question
Methedrine is the most widely used and most dangerous:
answer
a. amphetamine...
question
Which is not a consequence of long-term steroid use?
answer
d. euphoria...
question
According to the text, the most widely used designer drug is ecstasy, which is derived from:
answer
a. speed and methamohetamine...
question
According to the 2011 Monitoring the Future survey, annual use of OxyContin, a prescription painkiller narcotic, ______________ among 12th graders from 2010.
answer
b. decreased marginally...
question
The latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) results show that what percent of youths ages 12 to 17 engaged in binge drinking?
answer
a. 8%...
question
According to the text, which of the following may be the most significant influence on long-term substance abuse?
answer
b. peer networks...
question
For some adolescents, substance abuse is one of many problem behaviors that begin early in life and remain throughout the life course. This is known as:
answer
b. problem behavior syndrome...
question
A _____________________ is a substance that leads to the use of more serious drugs.
answer
c. gateway drug...
question
Levitt and Venkatesh's research on the financial activities of a drug-selling street gang indicates that:
answer
c. at least for drug dealers, factors other than income may explain participation in this activity...
question
What statement is false with regard to those who persist in both substance abuse and crime?
answer
b.They do well in school...
question
Which of the following is false with concern to drug use and delinquency?
answer
d. a relationship between alcohol and drug abuse and delinquency has not been substantiated by research...
question
The most recent report from the National Institute of Justice's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring found that:
answer
a. among juvenile detainees, almost 60 % of the males tested positive for marijuana...
question
A great effort has been made to cut off supplies of drugs by destroying overseas crops and arresting members of drug cartels. This approach is known as:
answer
d. source control...
question
Which of the South American countries has not agreed to coordinate drug control efforts with the United States?
answer
a. brazil...
question
________________________therapy involves getting users to associate drugs with unpleasant sensations, such as nausea.
answer
d, aversion...
question
The _______________________ technique developed by Scott Henggeler directs attention to family, peer, and psychological problems by focusing on problem solving and communication skills.
answer
a, multisystematic treatment...
question
Drew is 17 years old and presents in your facility with depression, hallucinations, and the beginning stages of cirrhosis of the liver. His background is a turbulent, large family, divorce, and academic failure. Drew informs you that his best friend has similar problems. Given his symptoms, what substances might he be on?
answer
c. alcohol and marijuana...
question
Drew is 17 years old and presents in your facility with depression, hallucinations, and the beginning stages of cirrhosis of the liver. His background is a turbulent, large family, divorce, and academic failure. Drew informs you that his best friend has similar problems. If Drew started using substances at an early age, what more than likely was the gateway drug for Drew?
answer
a. alcohol...
question
As Drew's counselor, you address family and psychological issues by focusing on problem-solving and communication skills. What type of treatment are you providing?
answer
b.multisystemic...
question
Kelly is 32 years old and has a history of substance abuse and committing crimes. He drank at 10 and started using marijuana at 13 and experimented with a variety of drugs over the years. His family was violent and criminally inclined. He grew up in a lower-economic neighborhood where crime thrived. Kelly dropped out of school at 16. According to research by Elliott, which of the following is not an association between substance abuse and delinquency?
answer
d. all are important associations...
question
Police in a Texas border town have confiscated 250 kilos of cocaine and 50 pounds of heroin smuggled in from Mexico. If a user were to inject a mixture of both cocaine and heroin, what is it called?
answer
a.speedballing...
question
What type of law enforcement was used to remove the drugs off the street?
answer
b.dealer targeting...
question
In the past 40 years, what is the estimated total cost of the War on Drugs?
answer
d. $1 trillion...
question
Programs or policies designed to prevent juvenile delinquency that include police making an arrest as part of an operation to address gang problems are considered:
answer
c. delinquency control...
question
Programs or policies designed to prevent delinquency that involve day care providers, nurses, teachers, social workers fall under:
answer
a. delinquency prevention...
question
Which of the following programs is not a delinquency prevention effort?
answer
b. boot camps...
question
What statement about either form of delinquency prevention is false?
answer
d. many types of delinquency prevention programs do not involve juvenile justice personnel such as the police...
question
One of the first efforts to classify juvenile delinquency prevention is divided into primary, secondary and tertiary prevention and grew out of this approach
answer
c. public health...
question
Intervention with adjudicated juvenile offenders where the goal is to reduce repeat offending or recidivism through such measures as substance abuse treatment and imprisonment is
answer
c. tertiary prevention...
question
Academic achievement, parental support and efficacy, and religiosity decrease the risk of occurrence of a future delinquent act and are considered:
answer
b. protective factors...
question
What statement about the developmental perspective on delinquency prevention is false?
answer
d. it should be provided to children only due to their age...
question
Which of the following is not a broad objective of the Nurse-Family Partnership?
answer
d. all are objectives of the program...
question
The overestimate of the punitiveness of the general public on the part of politicians and others has become known as the:
answer
a. mythical punitive public...
question
What statement about public support for delinquency prevention is false?
answer
c. Public support for "get tough" policies is higher when compared to alternatives such as rehabilitation or treatment for juvenile offenders or early childhood or youth prevention programs.
question
What research finding about family-based prevention programs is false?
answer
...c. Multi-component programs produced larger effects that program duration and intensity.
question
What is not one of the key features of a highly structured preschool program?
answer
d. Allowance for the administration of corporal punishment with parental approval. .
question
What is not an area for which an evaluation of the Juvenile Mentoring Program (JUMP) found significant reductions in risk?
answer
...b. academic achievement
question
According to work by Gottfredson and colleagues, what is the main difference between school programs that work and those that do not?
answer
a. Targeting an array of important risk factors
question
Based on work by Gottfredson and associates, what school-based program does not work?
answer
b. Instructional programs that limit focus to a few social competency skills.
question
The main goal of Job Corps, developed and designed by the Department of Labor, is:
answer
c. to improve the employability of participants
question
What is true about Job Corps?
answer
b. The three main components of the program are vocational skills training, basic education and health care.
question
Of the evaluations of job training programs, what statement is true?
answer
d. Due to skills learned, greater earnings were gained by those in the programs.
question
The juvenile justice system exercises jurisdiction over two distinct categories of offenders:
answer
b. delinquent and status
question
Under the parens patriae philosophy, juvenile justice procedures are:
answer
a. informal and non-adversarial...
question
Like adults, juveniles are protected against unreasonable searches and seizures under the ________________ and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution.
answer
c. fourth...
question
A(n) __________________ for a juvenile is similar to a criminal trial for an adult.
answer
b.adjudicatory hearing...
question
Waiving a juvenile who committed a serious crime is not dependent upon:
answer
d. victims impact statement...
question
Most juvenile court acts require a dispositional hearing separate from the adjudication; this procedure is known as a:
answer
a.bifurcated process...
question
Juvenile aftercare is similar to ____________________ for adults.
answer
b.parole...
question
Which of the following is not a benefit of using the comprehensive juvenile justice strategy as discussed in the text?
answer
c.more youths entering the juvenile justice system...
question
Which of the following statements about the juvenile justice system is false?
answer
a. the terminology used in juvenile justice is designed to stigmatize kids...
question
The National Research Council and Institute of Medicine's Panel on Juvenile Crime expressed alarm over an increasingly punitive juvenile justice system and recommended that the federal government should assist states:
answer
a.to develop community based alternatives...
question
Jessica is 16, single and a mother of a 3-month old baby girl. She has been provided weekly visits by a nurse who comes to her place of residence. The nurse gives advice to Jessica about care of her child, infant development, and the importance of proper nutrition. What type of delinquency prevention is home visitation within this scenario?
answer
a. primary prevention...
question
Johnny is 13, impulsive, failing school, and is poorly supervised by his parents. He was placed into Big Brothers/Big Sisters. He was matched with a male volunteer who encourages and supports him in various academic ventures and serves as a role model. What broad category of delinquency prevention is being providing to Johnny through his participation in Big Brothers/Big Sisters?
answer
a. developmental perspective...
question
Johnny's characteristics are ______________________ that increase the potential for future delinquency.
answer
a. risk factors...
question
Tony is 15 and was caught vandalizing school property. He is a first-time, nonviolent offender and was offered to have his case heard in front of his peers. What type of program has been offered to Tony?
answer
d. diversion...
question
What is not one of the potential benefits of the alternative program Tony participated in?
answer
c. community disintegration...
question
Youth courts are part of a comprehensive juvenile justice strategy in which what component is not included?
answer
d. consistent use of detention for status offenders...
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question
What statement with regard to schools is false?
answer
a.the school plays no role in shaping the values of children
question
Which of the following is not one of the problems faced by the U.S. education system?
answer
d.budget cutting has reduced educational resources in many communities
question
Over time the overall dropout rate has:
answer
b.decreased
question
Which of the following is not an educational factor related to dropping out?
answer
c. missing 10% of instructional time in a school year...
question
Research by Dorn leads him to believe that:
answer
a. the dropout problem is a function of inequality of educational opportunity rather than the failure of individual students. ...
question
Those who fail to meet expected levels of school achievement are _________ and are among the most likely to be delinquent.
answer
c. chronic underachievers
question
What percent of Wolfgang's Philadelphia cohort study graduated from high school?
answer
a. 9%...
question
There are three independent views on the association between school failure and delinquency; which of the following statements does not reflect one of these three views?
answer
a. school failure is unrelated to delinquency...
question
Cohen contends that delinquency among lower class youths is a result of their poor preparation and socialization to function in schools. According to Cohen they essentially failed to live up to:
answer
d. middle class measuring rods...
question
Which of the following is not a correlate of school failure according to the text?
answer
b. academic integration...
question
Academic tracking refers to:
answer
c. dividing students into groups according to ability and achievement levels...
question
Which of the following statements about tracking and school failure is true?
answer
a. studies indicate that non-college-track students experience progressive deterioration of achievement...
question
About what percent of students report bringing a weapon to school regularly?
answer
a. 10...
question
Which of the following is not a time when most school shooting incidents occur?
answer
d. during sporting events...
question
Which of the following statements about school shooters is true?
answer
d.school shooters typically develop a plan of attack well in advance...
question
According to the profile developed by the U.S. Secret Service, school shootings:
answer
d. involve shooters with a history of being bullied...
question
Research indicates that the social and educational atmosphere of a school:
answer
a. is one of the most important predictors of levels of violence...
question
Policies that mandate specific consequences or punishments for delinquent acts and do not allow anyone to avoid these consequences are referred to as:
answer
a. zero tolerance policies...
question
A school-based prevention program based on behavioral strategies is most likely to involve:
answer
c.training students in techniques to resist peer pressure...
question
Schools can drug test student athletes according to the United States Supreme Court decision in:
answer
c. vernonia school district v. acton...
question
In what case did the Supreme Court rule that search measures used by school officials to root out contraband must be "reasonably related to the objectives of the search and not excessively intrusive in light of the age and sex of the student and the nature of the infraction?" 3
answer
a.Safford unified school district v. redding ...
question
The 1969 Supreme Court case of Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District is the most important case concerning:
answer
c. a students right to passive speech...
question
Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court ruling in Santa Fe Independent School District, Petitioner v. Jane Doe?
answer
d. the court ruled that prayers led by an "elected" student undermines the protection of minority viewpoints...
question
What legal doctrine gives the schools the right to assume some of the duties of parents, including discipline?
answer
a. in loco parentis...
question
Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court ruling in Ingraham v. Wright concerning corporal punishment in schools?
answer
b.neither the eighth nore the fourteenth amendment was violated by a teachers use of corporal punishment to discipline students...
question
Jazmyn is a 15-year old black Hispanic female who attends an inner-city high school in an economically disadvantaged part of town, where the completion rate is below 40%. Her GPA her first year was below 2.0 due to stress from family dysfunction and conflict. Because she has been placed in remedial classes, Jazmyn has no interest in academics and has been hanging out with older kids who engage in criminal behaviors. She recently started to act out in classes. Placement of Jazmyn in remedial classes is known as:
answer
a. tracking...
question
Which statement is false with regard to minority students in school?
answer
b. black students are less likely to be suspended or expelled than white students...
question
Mark is white, 16-years old and has been bullied since elementary school. He has a history of feeling isolated and severe depression. He recently wrote disturbing and threatening prose in English class. According to the text, what is known about bullying?
answer
d. all are factual about bullying...
question
What is false regarding victims of school crimes?
answer
a. school crime is random...
question
All-American High School has experienced an increase in school violence over the past year. School administration has implemented a number of security strategies, which include searching students randomly and has, ultimately, resulted in the suspensions of some students. What Supreme Court case ruled that any time a student is to be suspended for up to 10 days, he or she is entitled to a hearing?
answer
c. Goss v. Lopez...
question
In what case did the Supreme Court hold that with regard to searches and seizures school officials are not bound by the same restrictions as law enforcement agents?
answer
D.New jersey v. T.L.O...
question
The main active ingredient in marijuana is:
answer
b. tetrahydrocannabinol ...
question
Crack is manufactured by using _________________________ to remove hydrochlorides to create a crystaline form of cocaine that can be smoked.
answer
a. sodium bicarbonate...
question
The most widely used illegal drug amongst teenagers is:
answer
b. marijuana ...
question
Derived from opium, __________________ is the most commonly used narcotic among adults in the United States.
answer
d. heroin...
question
The practice of mixing___________________ is with cocaine is known as speedballing.
answer
d heroin...
question
____________ is probably the most dangerous commonly abused drug.
answer
d. heroin...
question
According to the text, ___________________ may be a factor in nearly half of all murders, suicides, and accidental deaths.
answer
a. alcohol...
question
_________________ are central nervous system depressants, and they produce loss of sensation, stupor, and unconsciousness.
answer
b.anesthetic drugs...
question
The most widely abused anesthetic drug is phencyclidine, also known as:
answer
d. PCP...
question
Volatile liquids that give off a vapor and produce short-term excitement and euphoria followed by a period of disorientation, are known as:
answer
b. inhalents...
question
__________________ are the most commonly used drugs of the barbiturate family, and they depress the central nervous system into a sleeplike condition.
answer
c. sedatives...
question
Methedrine is the most widely used and most dangerous:
answer
a. amphetamine...
question
Which is not a consequence of long-term steroid use?
answer
d. euphoria...
question
According to the text, the most widely used designer drug is ecstasy, which is derived from:
answer
a. speed and methamohetamine...
question
According to the 2011 Monitoring the Future survey, annual use of OxyContin, a prescription painkiller narcotic, ______________ among 12th graders from 2010.
answer
b. decreased marginally...
question
The latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) results show that what percent of youths ages 12 to 17 engaged in binge drinking?
answer
a. 8%...
question
According to the text, which of the following may be the most significant influence on long-term substance abuse?
answer
b. peer networks...
question
For some adolescents, substance abuse is one of many problem behaviors that begin early in life and remain throughout the life course. This is known as:
answer
b. problem behavior syndrome...
question
A _____________________ is a substance that leads to the use of more serious drugs.
answer
c. gateway drug...
question
Levitt and Venkatesh's research on the financial activities of a drug-selling street gang indicates that:
answer
c. at least for drug dealers, factors other than income may explain participation in this activity...
question
What statement is false with regard to those who persist in both substance abuse and crime?
answer
b.They do well in school...
question
Which of the following is false with concern to drug use and delinquency?
answer
d. a relationship between alcohol and drug abuse and delinquency has not been substantiated by research...
question
The most recent report from the National Institute of Justice's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring found that:
answer
a. among juvenile detainees, almost 60 % of the males tested positive for marijuana...
question
A great effort has been made to cut off supplies of drugs by destroying overseas crops and arresting members of drug cartels. This approach is known as:
answer
d. source control...
question
Which of the South American countries has not agreed to coordinate drug control efforts with the United States?
answer
a. brazil...
question
________________________therapy involves getting users to associate drugs with unpleasant sensations, such as nausea.
answer
d, aversion...
question
The _______________________ technique developed by Scott Henggeler directs attention to family, peer, and psychological problems by focusing on problem solving and communication skills.
answer
a, multisystematic treatment...
question
Drew is 17 years old and presents in your facility with depression, hallucinations, and the beginning stages of cirrhosis of the liver. His background is a turbulent, large family, divorce, and academic failure. Drew informs you that his best friend has similar problems. Given his symptoms, what substances might he be on?
answer
c. alcohol and marijuana...
question
Drew is 17 years old and presents in your facility with depression, hallucinations, and the beginning stages of cirrhosis of the liver. His background is a turbulent, large family, divorce, and academic failure. Drew informs you that his best friend has similar problems. If Drew started using substances at an early age, what more than likely was the gateway drug for Drew?
answer
a. alcohol...
question
As Drew's counselor, you address family and psychological issues by focusing on problem-solving and communication skills. What type of treatment are you providing?
answer
b.multisystemic...
question
Kelly is 32 years old and has a history of substance abuse and committing crimes. He drank at 10 and started using marijuana at 13 and experimented with a variety of drugs over the years. His family was violent and criminally inclined. He grew up in a lower-economic neighborhood where crime thrived. Kelly dropped out of school at 16. According to research by Elliott, which of the following is not an association between substance abuse and delinquency?
answer
d. all are important associations...
question
Police in a Texas border town have confiscated 250 kilos of cocaine and 50 pounds of heroin smuggled in from Mexico. If a user were to inject a mixture of both cocaine and heroin, what is it called?
answer
a.speedballing...
question
What type of law enforcement was used to remove the drugs off the street?
answer
b.dealer targeting...
question
In the past 40 years, what is the estimated total cost of the War on Drugs?
answer
d. $1 trillion...
question
Programs or policies designed to prevent juvenile delinquency that include police making an arrest as part of an operation to address gang problems are considered:
answer
c. delinquency control...
question
Programs or policies designed to prevent delinquency that involve day care providers, nurses, teachers, social workers fall under:
answer
a. delinquency prevention...
question
Which of the following programs is not a delinquency prevention effort?
answer
b. boot camps...
question
What statement about either form of delinquency prevention is false?
answer
d. many types of delinquency prevention programs do not involve juvenile justice personnel such as the police...
question
One of the first efforts to classify juvenile delinquency prevention is divided into primary, secondary and tertiary prevention and grew out of this approach
answer
c. public health...
question
Intervention with adjudicated juvenile offenders where the goal is to reduce repeat offending or recidivism through such measures as substance abuse treatment and imprisonment is
answer
c. tertiary prevention...
question
Academic achievement, parental support and efficacy, and religiosity decrease the risk of occurrence of a future delinquent act and are considered:
answer
b. protective factors...
question
What statement about the developmental perspective on delinquency prevention is false?
answer
d. it should be provided to children only due to their age...
question
Which of the following is not a broad objective of the Nurse-Family Partnership?
answer
d. all are objectives of the program...
question
The overestimate of the punitiveness of the general public on the part of politicians and others has become known as the:
answer
a. mythical punitive public...
question
What statement about public support for delinquency prevention is false?
answer
c. Public support for "get tough" policies is higher when compared to alternatives such as rehabilitation or treatment for juvenile offenders or early childhood or youth prevention programs.
question
What research finding about family-based prevention programs is false?
answer
...c. Multi-component programs produced larger effects that program duration and intensity.
question
What is not one of the key features of a highly structured preschool program?
answer
d. Allowance for the administration of corporal punishment with parental approval. .
question
What is not an area for which an evaluation of the Juvenile Mentoring Program (JUMP) found significant reductions in risk?
answer
...b. academic achievement
question
According to work by Gottfredson and colleagues, what is the main difference between school programs that work and those that do not?
answer
a. Targeting an array of important risk factors
question
Based on work by Gottfredson and associates, what school-based program does not work?
answer
b. Instructional programs that limit focus to a few social competency skills.
question
The main goal of Job Corps, developed and designed by the Department of Labor, is:
answer
c. to improve the employability of participants
question
What is true about Job Corps?
answer
b. The three main components of the program are vocational skills training, basic education and health care.
question
Of the evaluations of job training programs, what statement is true?
answer
d. Due to skills learned, greater earnings were gained by those in the programs.
question
The juvenile justice system exercises jurisdiction over two distinct categories of offenders:
answer
b. delinquent and status
question
Under the parens patriae philosophy, juvenile justice procedures are:
answer
a. informal and non-adversarial...
question
Like adults, juveniles are protected against unreasonable searches and seizures under the ________________ and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution.
answer
c. fourth...
question
A(n) __________________ for a juvenile is similar to a criminal trial for an adult.
answer
b.adjudicatory hearing...
question
Waiving a juvenile who committed a serious crime is not dependent upon:
answer
d. victims impact statement...
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Most juvenile court acts require a dispositional hearing separate from the adjudication; this procedure is known as a:
answer
a.bifurcated process...
question
Juvenile aftercare is similar to ____________________ for adults.
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b.parole...
question
Which of the following is not a benefit of using the comprehensive juvenile justice strategy as discussed in the text?
answer
c.more youths entering the juvenile justice system...
question
Which of the following statements about the juvenile justice system is false?
answer
a. the terminology used in juvenile justice is designed to stigmatize kids...
question
The National Research Council and Institute of Medicine's Panel on Juvenile Crime expressed alarm over an increasingly punitive juvenile justice system and recommended that the federal government should assist states:
answer
a.to develop community based alternatives...
question
Jessica is 16, single and a mother of a 3-month old baby girl. She has been provided weekly visits by a nurse who comes to her place of residence. The nurse gives advice to Jessica about care of her child, infant development, and the importance of proper nutrition. What type of delinquency prevention is home visitation within this scenario?
answer
a. primary prevention...
question
Johnny is 13, impulsive, failing school, and is poorly supervised by his parents. He was placed into Big Brothers/Big Sisters. He was matched with a male volunteer who encourages and supports him in various academic ventures and serves as a role model. What broad category of delinquency prevention is being providing to Johnny through his participation in Big Brothers/Big Sisters?
answer
a. developmental perspective...
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Johnny's characteristics are ______________________ that increase the potential for future delinquency.
answer
a. risk factors...
question
Tony is 15 and was caught vandalizing school property. He is a first-time, nonviolent offender and was offered to have his case heard in front of his peers. What type of program has been offered to Tony?
answer
d. diversion...
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What is not one of the potential benefits of the alternative program Tony participated in?
answer
c. community disintegration...
question
Youth courts are part of a comprehensive juvenile justice strategy in which what component is not included?
answer
d. consistent use of detention for status offenders...