Adolescent Psyc Exam 3 – Flashcards

question
Adolescents who say that crowd membership is not that important to them are called
answer
Independents
question
Which of the following statements regarding conformity to peer pressure has recent research found to be TRUE?
answer
Social identity uncertainly is linked to peer conformity
question
Yvonne's friend tells her that her new sweater is "like an old-lady sweater - not cool." Yvonne is angry, but she does not explode. She says "I like it," and walks into her class. Yvonne is demonstrating
answer
Emotional self-regulation
question
Alex is described as "shy" by his peers; he has a low rate of interaction with peers. Alex is likely to be classified as a ___ child
answer
Neglected
question
Being rejected or overlooked by peers can lead some adolescents to
answer
Feel lonely or hostile
question
Robert openly talks to his male friends about his problems at work. Robert's self-disclosure is likely to be met with
answer
Disapproval
question
Nikki "hangs out" every day and some of the time on weekends with four other girls. They enjoy each others company and share a love of scrapbooking. Nikki is a part of a
answer
Clique
question
Haley and Andrew, both age 12, are "going out." They eat lunch together every day, sit together on the bus, and meet at the weekly school dance. This early relationship helps them to
answer
Do all of these
question
Conformity to peers peaks in grades
answer
Eight to nine
question
Social-skills training programs have been generally most successful with individuals who are
answer
Age 10 and under
question
The best predictor of whether rejected children engage in delinquent behavior or drop out of school later, during adolescence is
answer
Aggression towards peers in elementary school
question
Lydia is a sexually active lesbian adolescent. Which of the following is probably TRUE for Lydia?
answer
She has had sex with boys before a same-sex encounter
question
Mr. Root has clear classroom rules but students are so busy being absorbed in learning that he rarely has to enforce a rule. As a result, his students are
answer
More likely to be motivated
question
Adolescents who are gifted have a superior talent in some domain and/or
answer
Have an above-normal average IQ by late adolescence
question
David, age seven, has been diagnosed with ADHD. All of the following are probably true for David EXCEPT
answer
He will outgrow his condition by late adolescence
question
The reason most frequently given for stress and depression among college students is
answer
Fear of failing in a success-oriented world
question
Ross' parents have routines for meals, chores, recreation, homework, and bedtimes. As a result, Ross is likely to
answer
Have few school problems
question
The transition to middle school or junior high school is stressful because
answer
Many changes are taking place at the same time
question
Which of the following teacher traits is most strongly associated with higher student achievement?
answer
Positive teacher expectations
question
Which of the following statements regarding gifted adolescents is NOT true?
answer
They have a high degree of external motivation
question
Experts increasingly advocate that criteria for admission to programs for the gifted should be broadened to include such factors as
answer
Commitment
question
Which of the following individuals is MOST likely to be bullied?
answer
Peter, a somewhat anxious and withdrawn sixth grader
question
Ms. Robbins, a high-school guidance counselor, tells Anita, a Latina adolescent, that she should plan to go away to college. Anita is most likely to
answer
Want to stay close to home, due to family responsibilities
question
Which of the following students is most likely to be a bully?
answer
Donald, who drinks alcohol and has some mild depressive symptoms
question
Leah, age 15, has no idea what she wants to do with her life. She's told to "study hard" but she does not have a long-term goal for life. Which of the following questions would be helpful in getting Leah to focus on her purpose in life?
answer
"What's most important in your life?"
question
Rewards and punishments are ___ in adolescent's motivation
answer
Extrinsic
question
Which of the following statements regarding intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is TRUE?
answer
All of these are true
question
Mrs. Hynes meets with Devon to discuss his low grade in her class. Educational psychologists recommend getting adolescents to attribute their poor performance to internal factors. Which of the following statements by Devon would indicate to Mrs. Hynes that he has this concept?
answer
"I am working too many hours at my job and I have not been putting in the time to study."
question
Being a good planner means all of the following EXCEPT
answer
Setting low-level goals
question
Career development is related to ___ in adolescents and emerging adults
answer
Identity development
question
Otis is controlling and he can sometimes be mean. He says, "This is me; take it or leave it. I'm not able to change." According to Carol Dweck, Otis
answer
Has a fixed mindset
question
Elena, a college junior, has gradually been increasing her hours at her job. According to research, Elena may
answer
See a decrease in her grades
question
A group of teachers agree to stay with a volunteer group of students from their sophomore through their senior years as part of a pilot program designed to see if being with the same teacher for three years will benefit students. Research shows that
answer
Students who feel cared for are able to develop competencies
question
Claudia is a 23-year-old emerging adult. Her transition from school to work is most strongly influenced by her
answer
Level of education
question
Self-determination, curiosity, challenge, and effort are all ___ in adolescent's motivation
answer
Intrinsic factors
question
Liam does not have as high an IQ as his twin brother, but Liam persists at his tasks and has confidence that he will be able to solve life's problems. According to research, we can predict
answer
Liam may be quite a high achiever because he has adaptive motivational patterns
question
Television viewing and video game playing often peak during
answer
Early adolescence
question
Recent research shows that in many families around the world today, children are likely to be reared
answer
In a manner that combines individualistic and collectivist ways
question
Karen, age 26, and her 4-year-old daughter, Meghan, are involved in an antipoverty program that provides Karen with job-skills training and provides free preschool for Meghan. This is an example of a
answer
Two-generation intervention
question
Reed comes from a low-SES background. He is consistently on the honor roll and has been offered a scholarship to a local college. Which of the following factors is MOST likely to have contributed to his success?
answer
Parental support and sacrifice
question
Which of the following statements regarding gender and culture is NOT true?
answer
In most cultures, the experiences of males and females are becoming more alike
question
Individualistic cultures have higher rates than collectivist cultures of
answer
All of these
question
The tendency to favor one's own cultural group over other groups is known as
answer
Ethnocentrism
question
Evaluation of two-generation interventions to alleviate poverty have shown that they
answer
Have more of an effect on the parent than on the child
question
Ethnicity is based on all of the following EXCEPT
answer
SES
question
Debbie and Ron are lower-SES parents. Which of the following is probably TRUE of their parenting?
answer
They use more physical punishment when disciplining their children than higher-SES parents do
question
Researchers have found a negative association between the amount of time children watch TV and their
answer
Reading ability
question
Which of the following countries is best described as individualistic?
answer
The Netherlands
question
Recent research indicates that the most effective treatment for adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa is
answer
Family therapy
question
Which of the following is a protective factor against developing a cigarette smoking habit?
answer
Participation in interscholastic sports
question
Criminal acts, whether committed by a juvenile or an adult, are known as
answer
Index offenses
question
Which of the following statements regarding coping strategies is NOT true?
answer
Emotion-focused coping works better than problem-focused coping
question
What differences exist between bulimics and anorexics?
answer
Bulimics typically fall within a normal weight; anorexics are underweight
question
Researchers in the field of developmental psychopathology seek to establish links between
answer
Early precursors of a problem and later outcomes
question
Which of the following is the BEST way to treat depression in adolescence?
answer
A combination of cognitive behavioral therapy and antidepressant medication
question
Which of the following is NOT an externalizing problem?
answer
Depression
question
Peers and ___ influences are believed to be especially important factors in adolescent problems
answer
Family
question
The behavioral problems that most likely cause adolescents to be referred to a clinic for mental health treatment are
answer
Feelings of sadness or depression
question
Violent youth tend to be males who come from
answer
Poverty-infested areas of inner cities
question
Dr. Vengrove believes that the cause of his adolescent client's depression is a lack of serotonin in her brain; he prescribes an anti-depressant drug to treat her depression. Dr. Vengrove is using the ___ approach to adolescent problems
answer
Biological
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question
Adolescents who say that crowd membership is not that important to them are called
answer
Independents
question
Which of the following statements regarding conformity to peer pressure has recent research found to be TRUE?
answer
Social identity uncertainly is linked to peer conformity
question
Yvonne's friend tells her that her new sweater is "like an old-lady sweater - not cool." Yvonne is angry, but she does not explode. She says "I like it," and walks into her class. Yvonne is demonstrating
answer
Emotional self-regulation
question
Alex is described as "shy" by his peers; he has a low rate of interaction with peers. Alex is likely to be classified as a ___ child
answer
Neglected
question
Being rejected or overlooked by peers can lead some adolescents to
answer
Feel lonely or hostile
question
Robert openly talks to his male friends about his problems at work. Robert's self-disclosure is likely to be met with
answer
Disapproval
question
Nikki "hangs out" every day and some of the time on weekends with four other girls. They enjoy each others company and share a love of scrapbooking. Nikki is a part of a
answer
Clique
question
Haley and Andrew, both age 12, are "going out." They eat lunch together every day, sit together on the bus, and meet at the weekly school dance. This early relationship helps them to
answer
Do all of these
question
Conformity to peers peaks in grades
answer
Eight to nine
question
Social-skills training programs have been generally most successful with individuals who are
answer
Age 10 and under
question
The best predictor of whether rejected children engage in delinquent behavior or drop out of school later, during adolescence is
answer
Aggression towards peers in elementary school
question
Lydia is a sexually active lesbian adolescent. Which of the following is probably TRUE for Lydia?
answer
She has had sex with boys before a same-sex encounter
question
Mr. Root has clear classroom rules but students are so busy being absorbed in learning that he rarely has to enforce a rule. As a result, his students are
answer
More likely to be motivated
question
Adolescents who are gifted have a superior talent in some domain and/or
answer
Have an above-normal average IQ by late adolescence
question
David, age seven, has been diagnosed with ADHD. All of the following are probably true for David EXCEPT
answer
He will outgrow his condition by late adolescence
question
The reason most frequently given for stress and depression among college students is
answer
Fear of failing in a success-oriented world
question
Ross' parents have routines for meals, chores, recreation, homework, and bedtimes. As a result, Ross is likely to
answer
Have few school problems
question
The transition to middle school or junior high school is stressful because
answer
Many changes are taking place at the same time
question
Which of the following teacher traits is most strongly associated with higher student achievement?
answer
Positive teacher expectations
question
Which of the following statements regarding gifted adolescents is NOT true?
answer
They have a high degree of external motivation
question
Experts increasingly advocate that criteria for admission to programs for the gifted should be broadened to include such factors as
answer
Commitment
question
Which of the following individuals is MOST likely to be bullied?
answer
Peter, a somewhat anxious and withdrawn sixth grader
question
Ms. Robbins, a high-school guidance counselor, tells Anita, a Latina adolescent, that she should plan to go away to college. Anita is most likely to
answer
Want to stay close to home, due to family responsibilities
question
Which of the following students is most likely to be a bully?
answer
Donald, who drinks alcohol and has some mild depressive symptoms
question
Leah, age 15, has no idea what she wants to do with her life. She's told to "study hard" but she does not have a long-term goal for life. Which of the following questions would be helpful in getting Leah to focus on her purpose in life?
answer
"What's most important in your life?"
question
Rewards and punishments are ___ in adolescent's motivation
answer
Extrinsic
question
Which of the following statements regarding intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is TRUE?
answer
All of these are true
question
Mrs. Hynes meets with Devon to discuss his low grade in her class. Educational psychologists recommend getting adolescents to attribute their poor performance to internal factors. Which of the following statements by Devon would indicate to Mrs. Hynes that he has this concept?
answer
"I am working too many hours at my job and I have not been putting in the time to study."
question
Being a good planner means all of the following EXCEPT
answer
Setting low-level goals
question
Career development is related to ___ in adolescents and emerging adults
answer
Identity development
question
Otis is controlling and he can sometimes be mean. He says, "This is me; take it or leave it. I'm not able to change." According to Carol Dweck, Otis
answer
Has a fixed mindset
question
Elena, a college junior, has gradually been increasing her hours at her job. According to research, Elena may
answer
See a decrease in her grades
question
A group of teachers agree to stay with a volunteer group of students from their sophomore through their senior years as part of a pilot program designed to see if being with the same teacher for three years will benefit students. Research shows that
answer
Students who feel cared for are able to develop competencies
question
Claudia is a 23-year-old emerging adult. Her transition from school to work is most strongly influenced by her
answer
Level of education
question
Self-determination, curiosity, challenge, and effort are all ___ in adolescent's motivation
answer
Intrinsic factors
question
Liam does not have as high an IQ as his twin brother, but Liam persists at his tasks and has confidence that he will be able to solve life's problems. According to research, we can predict
answer
Liam may be quite a high achiever because he has adaptive motivational patterns
question
Television viewing and video game playing often peak during
answer
Early adolescence
question
Recent research shows that in many families around the world today, children are likely to be reared
answer
In a manner that combines individualistic and collectivist ways
question
Karen, age 26, and her 4-year-old daughter, Meghan, are involved in an antipoverty program that provides Karen with job-skills training and provides free preschool for Meghan. This is an example of a
answer
Two-generation intervention
question
Reed comes from a low-SES background. He is consistently on the honor roll and has been offered a scholarship to a local college. Which of the following factors is MOST likely to have contributed to his success?
answer
Parental support and sacrifice
question
Which of the following statements regarding gender and culture is NOT true?
answer
In most cultures, the experiences of males and females are becoming more alike
question
Individualistic cultures have higher rates than collectivist cultures of
answer
All of these
question
The tendency to favor one's own cultural group over other groups is known as
answer
Ethnocentrism
question
Evaluation of two-generation interventions to alleviate poverty have shown that they
answer
Have more of an effect on the parent than on the child
question
Ethnicity is based on all of the following EXCEPT
answer
SES
question
Debbie and Ron are lower-SES parents. Which of the following is probably TRUE of their parenting?
answer
They use more physical punishment when disciplining their children than higher-SES parents do
question
Researchers have found a negative association between the amount of time children watch TV and their
answer
Reading ability
question
Which of the following countries is best described as individualistic?
answer
The Netherlands
question
Recent research indicates that the most effective treatment for adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa is
answer
Family therapy
question
Which of the following is a protective factor against developing a cigarette smoking habit?
answer
Participation in interscholastic sports
question
Criminal acts, whether committed by a juvenile or an adult, are known as
answer
Index offenses
question
Which of the following statements regarding coping strategies is NOT true?
answer
Emotion-focused coping works better than problem-focused coping
question
What differences exist between bulimics and anorexics?
answer
Bulimics typically fall within a normal weight; anorexics are underweight
question
Researchers in the field of developmental psychopathology seek to establish links between
answer
Early precursors of a problem and later outcomes
question
Which of the following is the BEST way to treat depression in adolescence?
answer
A combination of cognitive behavioral therapy and antidepressant medication
question
Which of the following is NOT an externalizing problem?
answer
Depression
question
Peers and ___ influences are believed to be especially important factors in adolescent problems
answer
Family
question
The behavioral problems that most likely cause adolescents to be referred to a clinic for mental health treatment are
answer
Feelings of sadness or depression
question
Violent youth tend to be males who come from
answer
Poverty-infested areas of inner cities
question
Dr. Vengrove believes that the cause of his adolescent client's depression is a lack of serotonin in her brain; he prescribes an anti-depressant drug to treat her depression. Dr. Vengrove is using the ___ approach to adolescent problems
answer
Biological
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