Civil Law Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Civil Law?
Civil law is a branch of law that deals with the regulation of private legal relationships. It encompasses the rules and regulations governing the interactions of individuals and organizations, including contracts, torts, property law, family law, labor relations, business entities and other matters. Civil laws are typically based on codified statutes or precedent decisions in courts. These laws provide an orderly system to resolve disputes between parties involved in civil litigation like medical negligence or personal injury cases.Civil laws provide an organized structure for resolving disputes between two or more parties without involving criminal proceedings. In a civil lawsuit, one party sues another for damages resulting from their actions or failure to act (such as breach of contract). The suit is heard before a court where evidence is presented by both sides and ultimately decided upon according to certain criteria set forth in the applicable body of civil law. This type of dispute resolution can also involve mediation or arbitration if it does not reach a conclusion in court. Civil laws vary from country to country but generally reflect principles such as fairness and justice when dealing with disagreements among individuals and organizations. These laws promote economic activity by giving people confidence that their rights will be adequately protected within any agreement they enter into with another party (e.g., contracts). They also ensure that all parties are held accountable for violations they commit against each other’s rights regardless of power disparity between them (e.g., tort liability). Civil law thus serves as a foundation for maintaining order in society while allowing businesses and other groups to interact peacefully without fear of exploitation or abuse from others.