Chapter 1 quiz questions

Psychology is a social science discipline. Psychologists scientifically study __________
The mind and behavior

Introspection refers to a process by which someone examines __________ as objectively as possible.
Their own conscious experience

Psychoanalytic theory focuses on __________ and early childhood experiences.
A person’s unconcsious

Behaviorists study __________.
Learned behavior

Which aspect of the scientific method occurs first?
Hypothesis

Which of the following is a reason that Gestalt psychology did not become more popular in the United States?
The rise of behaviorism overshadowed Gestalt psychology.

Which of the following psychologists was a behaviorist?
John Watson

I provide Ralph with the positive reinforcement of a candy bar when he does something I like. I punish him by squirting him with a squirt gun when he does something I don’t like. I am applying the principles of ________ in an attempt to modify Ralph’s behavior.
Operant conditioning

What should be changed to make the following sentence true? Humanism focuses on the potential of all people for evil.
The word “evil” should be changed to the word “good”.

In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the __________ include food, water, and shelter.
Physiological

The cognitive revolution created an impetus for psychologists to focus their attention on better understanding __________.
The mind and mental processes that underlie behavior

Lucy wants to study changes in cognitive skills, moral reasoning, and social behavior across the lifespan. Lucy should specialize in ________ psychology.
Developmental

Which psychological area does the work of Jean Piaget exemplify?
Developmental psychology

Ashya wants to focus on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic patterns of behavior. What area of psychology should she work in?
Clinical psychology

What was the primary conclusion of Stanley Milgram’s obedience research?
Average people will harm others if told to do so by an authority figure.

Peter is interested in pursuing a ________ training program with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention after he receives his PhD, which will allow him to further develop his research on adolescent suicide and broaden his research skills under the supervision of CDC researchers.
Postdoctoral

What is the number one occupation employing graduates with a BA in psychology?
Mid- and top-level management