Inflammation Of The Brain Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Inflammation Of The Brain?
Inflammation of the brain, also known as encephalitis, is a serious medical condition that can result in permanent damage to the brain. It occurs when an infection or injury causes inflammation in the brain and surrounding tissues. Symptoms may include fever, headache, confusion, seizures and even coma. Treatment typically includes antibiotics or antiviral medications as well as supportive care such as fluid replacement and oxygen therapy. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove any damaged tissue.Encephalitis can be caused by a variety of factors including viral infections like herpes simplex virus (HSV) and rabies, bacterial infections like meningococcal meningitis and syphilis, fungal infections like cryptococcus neoformans and candida albicans, parasites like toxoplasma gondii or protozoa such as listeria monocytogenes. In addition to these infectious agents, noninfectious causes such Immunologic reactions to vaccinations have been known to trigger encephalitis in certain individuals. The first sign of encephalitis is usually an abrupt onset of fever along with other flu-like symptoms including headache and body aches. Other symptoms may include confusion or disorientation; changes in behavior; hallucinations; drowsiness or coma; muscle weakness; seizures; vision problems; nausea or vomiting; stiff neck due to meningeal irritation; trouble speaking clearly; difficulty swallowing and loss of balance leading to falls. If left untreated encephalitis can cause permanent damage including cognitive deficits which affect memory recall ability reasoning problem solving language skills motor coordination etc As well inflammation can lead permanently paralysis blindness deafness hydrocephalus epilepsy etc so it’s important that individuals experiencing any of these symptoms seek medical treatment immediately Encephalitis is diagnosed through blood tests spinal tap examination imaging studies EEGs scans MRI CT scan PET scans etc.