Behavior Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Behavior?
Behavior is the way in which an individual or group of individuals acts or reacts in response to a certain situation. It is their pattern of action that can be observed and studied, and it can have both positive and negative consequences. Behavior is often shaped by a combination of genetics, environment, learning, and experience.Genetics play an important role in influencing behavior. Studies have shown that genetic differences between humans can affect the way they behave. For example, one study found that people with a certain variation of the serotonin transporter gene tend to be more impulsive than people without this gene variation. Similarly, some studies suggest that certain genetic variants may make individuals more sensitive to environmental cues such as sounds or smells.Environment also plays a major role in shaping behavior. The environment includes the physical setting as well as social interactions with other people and animals around us. Studies have shown that children who grow up in violent homes are more likely to display aggressive behaviors later on in life than those who come from peaceful households. In addition, exposure to media violence can increase aggressive tendencies among children and adults alike. Learning also influences behavior; this refers not only to formal education but also to any type of structured knowledge acquired through everyday experiences like trial-and-error or observing others’ actions and reactions over time. For example, children learn socially acceptable behaviors by watching their parents interact with each other or seeing how other adults respond when someone does something wrong at school or work. Finally, experience affects behavior because it serves as a reference point for future decisions; we are all influenced by our past experiences because they help shape our beliefs about ourselves and the world around us (i.e., our values).