Multiple Personality Disorder Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Multiple Personality Disorder?
Multiple Personality Disorder, also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), is a mental health condition characterized by the presence of two or more distinct personalities within an individual. Symptoms of DID include experiencing alternate identities, memory lapses, and confusion about one’s identity. It is thought to be caused by either extreme trauma or a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment usually involves psychotherapy in order to help the person break down their alter personalities and integrate them into one unified identity. The most defining symptom of DID is dissociating from reality for extended periods of time and switching between different personalities or ˜alters’. These alters may have different names, genders, ages, mannerisms and even physical appearance in some cases. They can take control over the body at any given time without conscious awareness from the individual affected by DID. This can lead to gaps in memory where they are unable to recall important things that have happened while under the influence of another alter. The exact cause of multiple personality disorder is not known but it is believed that it can be triggered by extreme trauma such as childhood abuse or neglect which causes an individual to dissociate from their traumatic experiences as a coping mechanism for survival. It has also been suggested that genetic predisposition may play a role in some cases but further research is needed to better understand this connection between genetics and DID development. Treatment for Multiple Personality Disorder typically involves psychotherapy such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) which aims to help individuals identify triggers for each personality state and work on integrating them into one unified identity over time with guidance from a therapist who specializes in treating dissociative disorders like DID. Medication may also be prescribed depending on each person’s specific needs but there isn’t strong evidence supporting its effectiveness when used alone as treatment for Multiple Personality Disorder due to its complexity in diagnosis and treatment options available at present time. In conclusion, Multiple Personality Disorder (DID) is a complex mental health condition which affects individuals differently across various aspects including emotional regulation, behavior patterns, memory recall etc., It’s thought to be caused by either extreme trauma or a combination of genetic predispositions among other factors yet unknown making it difficult to diagnose accurately with current methods available today.