Mental Hygiene Movement Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Mental Hygiene Movement?
The Mental Hygiene Movement is a social and mental health movement which began in the late 19th century and continues to this day. Its purpose is to promote mental well-being, which includes prevention and treatment of psychological disorders, as well as the promotion of good mental health practices. The Mental Hygiene Movement was initially led by a number of influential figures such as Clifford Beers, Adolf Meyer, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, William James, John Dewey, and Sigmund Freud.The early years of the Mental Hygiene Movement focused on improving conditions in psychiatric hospitals through better management and care. Reformers sought to remove stigma from mental illness by understanding its causes and developing treatments for it. They also campaigned for increased funding for research into mental illness and the development of more effective treatments. The movement’s focus gradually shifted from treating existing cases to preventing them through public education campaigns about healthy lifestyle habits such as proper nutrition, exercise, relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation, sleep hygiene practices like avoiding screen time before bedtime, etc., as well as efforts to destigmatize depression and anxietyconditions that are extremely common but often misunderstood or untreated due to social stigma around them. The movement has since expanded beyond traditional medical approaches with its emphasis on community-based initiatives that promote positive mental health programs such as mindfulness meditation classes or extended counseling services at universities or schools. It has also been instrumental in pushing legislation such as the Mental Health Parity Act of 1996 which requires insurance companies to provide equal coverage for physical illnesses versus psychological ones while recognizing that they can have similar effects on an individual’s overall quality of life. Today’s movement seeks not only to reduce stigma around mental illness but also challenge some traditional views on psychological problems such as viewing them solely in terms of pathology rather than acknowledging their potential complexity with both biological factors (genetic predispositions) combined with environmental influences (trauma).