Psychometrics Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Psychometrics?
Psychometrics is the study of psychological measurement. It is a field of psychology that studies the development and application of psychological tests, which are used to measure people’s cognitive capabilities and behavioral traits. Psychometric tests are used in a variety of settings and for a number of different purposes, such as assessing intelligence, personality, aptitudes, interests, values, attitudes and other characteristics. The history of psychometrics can be traced back to the late 19th century when Alfred Binet developed an intelligence test to identify mentally challenged children in France. Since then psychometric testing has become increasingly popular as a means to evaluate individuals’ abilities and predict their performance in various tasks. The use of psychometric testing has also been extended beyond academic assessment into areas such as employee selection and development within organizations. Psychometric tests typically involve questions that assess one or more aspects of an individual’s cognitive abilities or personality traits. These tests may include multiple-choice questions or open-ended questions which require the individual to provide written responses or verbal answers depending on what type of information is being assessed. Psychometrics often relies on statistical methods such as factor analysis and item response theory (IRT) in order to analyze data from psychometric assessments accurately so that meaningful conclusions can be drawn from results obtained from these tests. Overall, psychometrics is an important tool for evaluating individuals’ cognitive capabilities, behavior traits and overall potential for success in various tasks or roles within organizations.