Prince Henry The Navigator Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Prince Henry The Navigator?
Prince Henry the Navigator was a Portuguese prince, explorer, and military leader who is remembered for being one of the most important figures in the Age of Discovery. He was born in 1394 and died in 1460. Prince Henry was instrumental in pushing exploration further than had been done before him, and his legacy is still felt today. Prince Henry began his life as a military leader, leading campaigns against Muslims on the Iberian Peninsula. His active role in these campaigns shaped his worldview and fostered an interest in exploration. He believed that if he could find new lands beyond Africa and Asia, they would convert to Christianity or provide valuable resources like gold or spices. To help with this vision, Prince Henry established an academy dedicated to navigation sciences that became known as The School of Sagres. Here he gathered some of Europe’s best navigators and map makers to help him plot a course around Africa’s western coast to India. With more accurate maps and improved navigational instruments such as the astrolabe, sailors were able to sail further than ever before without fear of getting lost at sea due to poor navigation skills or inaccurate maps. The success of Prince Henry’s efforts led to Portugal becoming one of the leading seafaring nations during this period which allowed them access to trade routes that provided invaluable goods from around the world including spices from India, gold from West Africa, and slaves from east Africa among other goods allowing Portugal to become one of Europe’s wealthiest empires during this period. Prince Henry will always be remembered for pushing forward explorers during his time but also those after him whose work built upon Prince Henry’s foundation such as Bartolomeu Dias who rounded Cape Horn or Vasco da Gama who completed a sea route between Portugal and India by sailing around Africa’s eastern coast which allowed easier access for goods such as spices along with establishing diplomatic ties between Europe and Asia which would shape global trading patterns for centuries thereafter. Overall Prince Henry stands out amongst many great explorers during this era due not only pioneering new routes but also forming partnerships with African states along with providing state support through The School Of Sagres making it possible for future generations explore even further than what had previously been explored .