Oceanography 100 – Karen Baker – Quiz #2

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Who is responsible for the first measurement of the circumference of the Earth?
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Eratosthenes of Cyrene
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Prince Henry the Navigator’s contribution to ocean exploration included:
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establishing a center for the study of marine science and navigation in Portugal.
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Who is considered to be the “father of physical oceanography” because of publication of information from ship’s logs in the book “The Physical Geography of the Seas”?
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Matthew Maury
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Glomar Challenger is known mainly for:
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taking the first complete cores of deep-sea sediments
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The key to determining longitude at sea was by inventing a sturdy clock that ran at a constant rate under any circumstance. The first of these clocks was governed by a spring escarpment and not by pendulum and
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Was invented by John Harrison & Is called a chronometer
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The expedition led by Magellan in the early 1500s was significant to oceanography because:
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it showed that it was possible to circumnavigate the globe.
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Which man was the first to publish a reasonably accurate chart of an ocean current?
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Benjamin Franklin
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The first sailing expedition devoted entirely to marine science was that of the
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HMS Challenger.
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The magnetic compass was invented by the:
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Chinese
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What technique was first used on a large scale by the German vessel Meteor in the 1920’s to sense the contours of the seafloor?
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echo sounders
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Graphic representations that show primarily water and water-related information are called maps.
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False
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TOPEX/Poseidon is a joint French – U.S. satellite (and associated consortia) devoted to oceanic research.
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True
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The second librarian of the Library of Alexandria in Egypt was Eratosthenes of Cyrene.
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True
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Latitude lines are drawn parallel to the equator.
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True
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During the Challenger expedition, the term Oceanography literally implied the marking or charting of the oceans.
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True
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The first scientific expedition to use an echo sounder was the _______________.
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Meteor expedition
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Who was the firs person to sense the worldwide pattern of surface wind and currents?
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Mathew Fonaine Maury
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The earliest regular voyaging for trade purposes took place in the ______________.
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Mediterranean.
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The earliest navigation was by using __________________.
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the stars
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Oceanian navigators may already have been using shells attached to a bamboo grid to represent the positions of their islands which might have resembled a(n)
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Micronesian stick chart

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