History of the Americas Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is History of the Americas?
The history of the Americas is an expansive and complex one, stretching back thousands of years. The earliest settlers in North America were Native Americans who crossed a land bridge from Siberia over 12,000 years ago. These early inhabitants settled throughout the continent and developed distinct cultures, languages, and traditions that evolved into what we know today as the Native American tribes. The first Europeans to arrive in North America were Spanish explorers who arrived in 1492 with Christopher Columbus’s voyage. Over the next few centuries, European colonies spread across the continent with French settlements in Canada and down through Louisiana; Spanish colonies in Florida, Texas, New Mexico, California; Dutch settlements around New York; Russian settlements along Alaska’s coast; English colonies on the East Coast from Maine to Georgia; Swedish settlements along Delaware Bay. As these nations competed for control of land, resources and trade routes conflicts between them often arose culminating with Great Britain eventually gaining control over most of North America by 1763 following their victory during The Seven Years’ War (known as The French & Indian War). In 1776 thirteen British Colonies declared independence forming what would become known as The United States a nation founded upon principles such as democracy and freedom which soon attracted other immigrants seeking opportunities not available elsewhere. Expansion continued westward towards pacific ocean until 1848 when after successful campaigns against Mexican forces during Mexican-American war US annexed large territories including California. Meanwhile countries formed further south experiencing revolutions or wars for independence resulting in formation of many new republics such Central American Federation (1823), Gran Colombia (1819) , Peru (1821), Argentina (1816) among others . These nations faced issues ranging from economic instability due to dependence on exports or lack thereof , military interventions by foreign powers , civil wars or dictatorships leading to political instability thus creating need for international organizations such Organization Of American States established 1948 . By 21st century all countries have moved towards greater integration both economically via free trade agreements but also politically via closer ties allowing development projects be realized while at same time addressing common challenges like climate change poverty etc together . Thus providing opportunity for citizens throughout entire region pursue more peaceful prosperous life than ever before possible .