psychology 111 topic 13 – Flashcards

question
which alternative best captures the typical sequence of steps in psychological treatment, from first to last
answer
assessment-diagnosis-treatment
question
which alternative best expresses the relationship between psychotherapy and psychoanalysis
answer
psychoanalysis is one type of psychotherapy
question
which type of psychotherapy places the greatest emphasis on early childhood and internal emotions and drives
answer
psychodynamic therapy
question
which of the following approaches might be used in psychoanalysis
answer
dream analysis; free association; consideration of past experiences
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of free association
answer
the therapist listens while the client talks about whatever comes to mind
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of insight
answer
an understanding by the client of the unconscious causes of his or her symptoms
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of resistance
answer
the patient's attempt to avoid the painful feelings in his or her unconscious
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of a defense mechanism
answer
the methods used by the patient to avoid the painful feelings in his or her unconscious
question
in psychodynamic therapy, what is transference
answer
the transfer of strong feelings about parents or authority figures to a psychoanalyst
question
according to humanistic therapists, psychological disorders are primarily caused by
answer
limits and expectations imposed by others
question
in person-centered therapy, the therapist
answer
attempts to provide unconditional positive regard
question
which of the following terms most nearly captures the essence of unconditional positive regard
answer
accepting
question
according to behavior therapist, how might psychological disorders be treated most effectively
answer
the client should learn new behaviors
question
which of the following is true about the technique of flooding
answer
in flooding the client is exposed to his or her fear all at once
question
which of the following procedures are used in systematic desensitization
answer
the client imagines the feared object while trying to relax
question
which of the following procedures are used in aversion therapy
answer
an unpleasant stimulus is paired with an undesirable behavior of the client
question
which of the following procedures are used in cognitive therapy
answer
the client is helped to identify incorrect or distorted beliefs
question
which approach to therapy emphasizes the challenging of irrational, unrealistic beliefs
answer
rational-emotive behavior therapy
question
dialectical behavioral therapy is often used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
borderline personality disorder
question
a goal of dialectical behavioral therapy is to
answer
get the patient to help out with his or her own treatment
question
electroconvulsive therapy is which type of approach to treatment
answer
a biomedical approach
question
prozac is an example of which kind of antidepressant drug
answer
SSRI
question
psychostimulants are often prescribed to treat ADHD. how long does one dose of such medication usually last
answer
4-12 hours
question
psychostimulants are used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
ADHD
question
which of the following is not one of the side effects of psychostimulants
answer
increased appetite
question
as compared to the tricyclics or the MAOIs, SSRIs
answer
have fewer side effects; are prescribed more frequently
question
lithium carbonate is used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
bipolar disorders
question
thorazine is used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
schizophrenia
question
which of the following defines electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
answer
a medical procedure in which brief seizures are created in the brain
question
with respect to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which of the following statements is true
answer
it is very effective, at least in the short term
question
which of the following is mentioned in your text as one of the negative consequences of the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
answer
memory loss
question
which of the following defines transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
answer
a medical procedure that uses a pulsing coil to stimulate the brain
question
most often, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to treat
answer
major depression
question
which of the following defines cingulotomy
answer
surgery that destroys brain tissue
question
as compared to individual therapy, group therapy is
answer
more likely to provide social support to clients; less expensive to provide; at least as effective
question
according to your text, group therapy is especially effective for individuals with
answer
life-altering illness
question
family therapy is which type of approach to treatment
answer
a social-cultural approach
question
alcoholics anonymous (AA) is an example of
answer
self-help group
question
community mental health services are offered by
answer
psychologists; social workers; nurses
question
traditional therapy aims to blank; community mental health aims to blank
answer
treat; prevent
question
which of the following correctly defines primary prevention
answer
prevention targeted at everyone in a given community
question
which of the following correctly defines secondary prevention
answer
prevention targeted at people displaying the its factors for a disorder
question
the social, environmental, and economic vulnerabilities making it more likely that an individual will develop a disorder are termed
answer
risk factors
question
which of the following correctly defines tertiary prevention
answer
prevention targeted at people who have been diagnosed with a disorder
question
community mental health prevention programs include
answer
stress management training; family therapy programs; literacy training programs
question
studies that assess the effectiveness of medical treatments are termed
answer
outcome research
question
factors that might discourage the use of medications for psychological disorders include each of the following except
answer
most drugs are only minimally effective, even in the short term
question
which of the following correctly defines a natural improvement
answer
people get better over time, even without treatment
question
which of the following correctly defines a nonspecific treatment effect
answer
people improve over time simply by attending therapy
question
which of the following correctly defines a placebo effect
answer
people improve simple because they expect to get better
question
which threat to the validity of outcome research is correctly matched with its definition
answer
placebo effect-people improve simply because they expect to get better; nonspecific treatment effect-people improve over time simply by attending therapy; natural improvement-people might get better over time, even without treatment (all of these are correctly matched)
question
a research technique in which the results of many studies are combined is known as
answer
meta-analysis
question
the blank is a statistical measure of the effectiveness of psychological treatment
answer
effect size
question
empirically supported therapies include each of the following except
answer
psychodynamic therapy for generalized anxiety disorder
question
therapies that are known to be effective on the basis of research are termed blank therapies
answer
empirically supported
question
in a study of the treatment of social anxiety disorder, Herbert et al. (2005) compared the effectiveness of CBT alone to the effectiveness of CBT combined with social skills training. what did Herbert et al. find? what might their study be called?
answer
CBT combined with social skills training was more effective than CBT alone. Herbert et al.'s work is called outcome research
question
according to your text, psychotropic drugs seem to be less helpful for
answer
phobic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder
question
concerning the effectiveness of antidepressant drugs, which of the following statements is true
answer
the average effect size of such drugs is around .30, the effect size varies little from one antidepressant to another
question
according to your text, which type(s) of psychotropic medication(s) are especially ill-advised for pregnant clients
answer
benzodiazepines; SSRIs
question
since the advent of federal legislation in the 1970s, blood-lead levels among children have fallen by about blank %
answer
80
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question
which alternative best captures the typical sequence of steps in psychological treatment, from first to last
answer
assessment-diagnosis-treatment
question
which alternative best expresses the relationship between psychotherapy and psychoanalysis
answer
psychoanalysis is one type of psychotherapy
question
which type of psychotherapy places the greatest emphasis on early childhood and internal emotions and drives
answer
psychodynamic therapy
question
which of the following approaches might be used in psychoanalysis
answer
dream analysis; free association; consideration of past experiences
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of free association
answer
the therapist listens while the client talks about whatever comes to mind
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of insight
answer
an understanding by the client of the unconscious causes of his or her symptoms
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of resistance
answer
the patient's attempt to avoid the painful feelings in his or her unconscious
question
which of the following defines the psychoanalytic concept of a defense mechanism
answer
the methods used by the patient to avoid the painful feelings in his or her unconscious
question
in psychodynamic therapy, what is transference
answer
the transfer of strong feelings about parents or authority figures to a psychoanalyst
question
according to humanistic therapists, psychological disorders are primarily caused by
answer
limits and expectations imposed by others
question
in person-centered therapy, the therapist
answer
attempts to provide unconditional positive regard
question
which of the following terms most nearly captures the essence of unconditional positive regard
answer
accepting
question
according to behavior therapist, how might psychological disorders be treated most effectively
answer
the client should learn new behaviors
question
which of the following is true about the technique of flooding
answer
in flooding the client is exposed to his or her fear all at once
question
which of the following procedures are used in systematic desensitization
answer
the client imagines the feared object while trying to relax
question
which of the following procedures are used in aversion therapy
answer
an unpleasant stimulus is paired with an undesirable behavior of the client
question
which of the following procedures are used in cognitive therapy
answer
the client is helped to identify incorrect or distorted beliefs
question
which approach to therapy emphasizes the challenging of irrational, unrealistic beliefs
answer
rational-emotive behavior therapy
question
dialectical behavioral therapy is often used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
borderline personality disorder
question
a goal of dialectical behavioral therapy is to
answer
get the patient to help out with his or her own treatment
question
electroconvulsive therapy is which type of approach to treatment
answer
a biomedical approach
question
prozac is an example of which kind of antidepressant drug
answer
SSRI
question
psychostimulants are often prescribed to treat ADHD. how long does one dose of such medication usually last
answer
4-12 hours
question
psychostimulants are used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
ADHD
question
which of the following is not one of the side effects of psychostimulants
answer
increased appetite
question
as compared to the tricyclics or the MAOIs, SSRIs
answer
have fewer side effects; are prescribed more frequently
question
lithium carbonate is used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
bipolar disorders
question
thorazine is used to treat which of the following disorders
answer
schizophrenia
question
which of the following defines electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
answer
a medical procedure in which brief seizures are created in the brain
question
with respect to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which of the following statements is true
answer
it is very effective, at least in the short term
question
which of the following is mentioned in your text as one of the negative consequences of the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
answer
memory loss
question
which of the following defines transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
answer
a medical procedure that uses a pulsing coil to stimulate the brain
question
most often, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to treat
answer
major depression
question
which of the following defines cingulotomy
answer
surgery that destroys brain tissue
question
as compared to individual therapy, group therapy is
answer
more likely to provide social support to clients; less expensive to provide; at least as effective
question
according to your text, group therapy is especially effective for individuals with
answer
life-altering illness
question
family therapy is which type of approach to treatment
answer
a social-cultural approach
question
alcoholics anonymous (AA) is an example of
answer
self-help group
question
community mental health services are offered by
answer
psychologists; social workers; nurses
question
traditional therapy aims to blank; community mental health aims to blank
answer
treat; prevent
question
which of the following correctly defines primary prevention
answer
prevention targeted at everyone in a given community
question
which of the following correctly defines secondary prevention
answer
prevention targeted at people displaying the its factors for a disorder
question
the social, environmental, and economic vulnerabilities making it more likely that an individual will develop a disorder are termed
answer
risk factors
question
which of the following correctly defines tertiary prevention
answer
prevention targeted at people who have been diagnosed with a disorder
question
community mental health prevention programs include
answer
stress management training; family therapy programs; literacy training programs
question
studies that assess the effectiveness of medical treatments are termed
answer
outcome research
question
factors that might discourage the use of medications for psychological disorders include each of the following except
answer
most drugs are only minimally effective, even in the short term
question
which of the following correctly defines a natural improvement
answer
people get better over time, even without treatment
question
which of the following correctly defines a nonspecific treatment effect
answer
people improve over time simply by attending therapy
question
which of the following correctly defines a placebo effect
answer
people improve simple because they expect to get better
question
which threat to the validity of outcome research is correctly matched with its definition
answer
placebo effect-people improve simply because they expect to get better; nonspecific treatment effect-people improve over time simply by attending therapy; natural improvement-people might get better over time, even without treatment (all of these are correctly matched)
question
a research technique in which the results of many studies are combined is known as
answer
meta-analysis
question
the blank is a statistical measure of the effectiveness of psychological treatment
answer
effect size
question
empirically supported therapies include each of the following except
answer
psychodynamic therapy for generalized anxiety disorder
question
therapies that are known to be effective on the basis of research are termed blank therapies
answer
empirically supported
question
in a study of the treatment of social anxiety disorder, Herbert et al. (2005) compared the effectiveness of CBT alone to the effectiveness of CBT combined with social skills training. what did Herbert et al. find? what might their study be called?
answer
CBT combined with social skills training was more effective than CBT alone. Herbert et al.'s work is called outcome research
question
according to your text, psychotropic drugs seem to be less helpful for
answer
phobic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder
question
concerning the effectiveness of antidepressant drugs, which of the following statements is true
answer
the average effect size of such drugs is around .30, the effect size varies little from one antidepressant to another
question
according to your text, which type(s) of psychotropic medication(s) are especially ill-advised for pregnant clients
answer
benzodiazepines; SSRIs
question
since the advent of federal legislation in the 1970s, blood-lead levels among children have fallen by about blank %
answer
80