Normal Growth And Development Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Normal Growth And Development?
Normal growth and development is the process by which an individual physically, emotionally and intellectually matures. This process begins at birth and continues throughout life, although the rate of growth and development varies depending upon age, environment, nutrition and lifestyle.Physically, normal growth and development involves a steady increase in body size as well as changes in physical appearance. These changes include increases in height, weight, muscle mass and bone density. During puberty (generally between the ages of 11-14 for girls and 12-16 for boys) there are also significant hormonal shifts that cause secondary sex characteristics such as increased body hair, production of sweat glands and breast development in girls.Emotional growth includes the ability to regulate emotions such as anger or sadness; to empathize with others; to form meaningful relationships; to develop self-esteem; to be resilient when faced with challenges; to set goals; and ultimately become independent adults capable of making informed decisions about their lives. An important part of this journey is learning how to solve problems on one’s own without relying on external authority figures or other sources of support. Intellectual growth refers to a child’s ability to learn new concepts quickly through observation or instruction. This can be seen through skills like reading comprehension, problem solving strategies (e.g., math equations), memory recall tasks (e.g., memorizing facts) or creative activities (e.g., drawing). Intellectual development also includes one’s capacity for abstract thinking understanding ideas beyond what can be seen with the eyes which is essential for higher level academic achievement later on in life. Overall these three components are necessary for normal healthy development from childhood into adulthood. With proper guidance from parents/caregivers as well as a supportive environment free from negative influences such as drugs/alcohol use or abuse physical, emotional and intellectual growth has its best chance at success.