Quiz 15 – Flashcard

question

Cells that are capable of unlimited division and retain the ability to become different cell types are called B cells. replication cells. tissue cells. stem cells.
answer

stem cells.
question

Which of the following is NOT a safety mechanism in place to help maintain cell order and decrease the chance of cancer developing in the body? initiating event cellular “suicide” stem cell protection cellular growth signals
answer

initiating event
question

The most common form of cancer, ________, is a large category of cancers that originate from epithelial tissue. carcinoma melanoma leukemia sarcoma
answer

carcinoma
question

Kyle has a cancer of the lymph nodes or glands. What type of cancer does Kyle have? lymphoma leukemia myeloma sarcoma
answer

lymphoma
question

The most significant risk for most cancers is age. sex. ethnicity. family history.
answer

age
question

Certain environmental conditions can increase one’s likelihood of being exposed to carcinogens and developing cancer. Which of the following is NOT an environment that increases one’s exposure to carcinogens? cities farming states industrial areas dense forests
answer

dense forests
question

Which of the following statements regarding tobacco use and cancer is FALSE? Tobacco is the single most preventable cause of cancer in the U.S. Chemicals from tobacco use that are absorbed into the bloodstream increase the risk for bladder, pancreas, stomach, liver, kidney, and bone marrow cancer. It is responsible for 87 percent of all lung cancer deaths. Smokers are no more likely to die from lung cancer than nonsmokers.
answer

Smokers are no more likely to die from lung cancer than nonsmokers.
question

Many naturally occurring environmental exposures increase risk for cancer. Residents in many parts of North America are exposed to low levels of the radioactive gas ________ in their homes, particularly in homes with basements. dioxin PCB nitrate radon
answer

radon
question

Which of the following infection-to-cancer type associations is NOT correct? human papillomavirus (HPV) to cervical/penile cancer hepatitis B to skin cancer hepatitis C to liver cancer human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to multiple cancers
answer

hepatitis B to skin cancer
question

The leading cause of cancer death is attributed to what type of cancer? colon breast skin lung
answer

lung
question

The genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are associated with an increased risk for what type of cancer? colon breast skin brain
answer

breast
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Which of the following is NOT among the risk factors for breast cancer? late onset of menopause older age late onset of menarche (menstruation) family history of mother with breast cancer
answer

late onset of menarche (menstruation)
question

Which of the following is NOT a strong risk factor for ovarian cancer? family history use of oral contraceptive pills personal history of breast, colon, or endometrial cancer use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy
answer

use of oral contraceptive pills
question

Which cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in men and the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men (excluding skin cancer)? lung cancer prostate cancer colon cancer testicular cancer
answer

prostate cancer
question

One of the main screening tests available for prostate cancer is the ________ test. PSA CBC CA125 BRCA1
answer

PSA

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