Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes?
Deep cervical lymph nodes are a group of lymph nodes that are located in the neck. They play an important role in the immune system by helping to filter out bacteria and other potentially harmful substances from the body. In addition, these nodes also act as an early warning system for infections, alerting the body to certain diseases or illnesses.The deep cervical lymph nodes are located below the sternocleidomastoid muscle of the neck and above the hyoid bone. There are four groups of deep cervical lymph nodes: upper jugular, lower jugular, supraclavicular and posterior triangle. Each group contains between three and five individual nodes. These nodes receive blood directly from nearby tissues, making them especially important in filtering out foreign particles like bacteria or viruses. When they become enlarged or swollen due to infection or inflammation, they can be seen beneath the skin surface as lumps or bumps on either side of the neck.Enlargement of these cervical lymph nodes can be caused by any number of conditions including viral infections like mononucleosis and HIV/AIDS; bacterial infections such as strep throat; fungal infections such as candidiasis; autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis; tumors including cancerous ones; and even allergies. While most swellings will eventually go away on their own without treatment, it’s important that any concerning lumps be examined by a health care professional in order to rule out serious underlying conditions like cancer. Diagnostic procedures may include imaging scans (such as CT scans), biopsies (the removal of tissue samples for further examination) or aspiration (the extraction of fluid from a lump). Treatment options depend on what’s causing the enlargement but could range from antibiotics to radiation therapy to surgery if needed. Overall, deep cervical lymph nodes play an important role in keeping us healthy by alerting our bodies when something is wrong so that we can take action quickly before it becomes more serious than it needs to be.