Data Collection And Analysis Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Data Collection And Analysis?
Data collection and analysis is an important part of modern day research. It enables researchers to gain insight into the trends, patterns, and relationships between different variables in a given context. The process of data collection and analysis involves the gathering of quantitative or qualitative data from multiple sources such as surveys, interviews, observations, experiments, and other sources. This data can then be analysed using various analytical techniques such as statistical analysis or machine learning algorithms to identify patterns or insights that can help inform decisions or answer questions related to a particular research problem.The most common type of data collection used in research projects is surveys. Surveys are designed to collect information from individuals by asking them questions on a specific topic. Depending on the nature of the study being conducted, these surveys may cover topics such as attitudes towards certain topics or products; opinions on current events; customer satisfaction ratings; demographic information; and much more. Once collected, this information can be analysed with statistical methods such as correlation analysis or regression models to understand how different factors influence each other. Another form of data collection used in research projects is interviews which involve speaking directly with individuals about their views on certain issues or topics related to a particular project. Interviews are typically conducted face-to-face but can also take place over the phone or online through email correspondence with participants who agree to participate in the study from afar. During an interview, researchers may ask open-ended questions that allow participants to express their thoughts freely about a topic as well as more structured questions that require specific responses for comparison purposes across different participants’ answers. After conducting an interview session with multiple participants, researchers will analyse this collected qualitative data using techniques like content analysis which involves coding each response into categories based on its meaning so it can be easily compared across all respondents’ answers within a groupable format like tables and graphs for further interpretation by the researcher(s). In addition to surveys and interviews, observational methods are also commonly used in research projects in order to collect quantitative data rather than qualitative responses from people regarding their behaviors within certain contexts/settings (e.g., retail stores). With observational methods like participant observation (wherein researchers physically observe what people do while they shop) researchers will record various aspects related to customer behavior such as how long they spend looking at products before making purchases; what type/brand/price point items they tend towards buying more frequently; etc This type of quantitative observation can then be analyzed using descriptive statistics like