Chapter 4 and 10
How long will the topic to be researched remain broad and general?
What terms are usually used to state the purpose?
“To explore . . .”
“To understand the experiences of . . .”
What does selecting the research design depend on?
When is the literature review often conducted in qualitative research?
There are no set rules for sample size, and there is an emphasis on quality over quantity. What are researchers striving for?
The research is conducted in the field or place where participants live or work. Where must permission be obtained from first?
Who might the researcher look to for assistance with getting in touch with the participants and providing valuable insight into the phenomenon of interest?
There is a close relationship between researcher and participants; anonymity is generally not a consideration. How can confidentiality be ensured?
What are the most common two ways of data collection in qualitative research?
Name some examples of ways to collect the data
– participant observation
– life histories
– official documents
This begins once data collection begins. What are searching for here? What are you examining?
Content analysis involves creating categories of data and developing rules for coding data into categories. What are the two ways in which we can analyze the data?
Qualitative researchers are concerned with the generalizability of their study findings.
The researchers exerts tight controls over the research situation in qualitative research.
The number of subjects is generally larger in qualitative research than in quantitative.
A. Qualitative research is easier to conduct than quantitative study
B. The amount of data to be analyzed is usually greater in qualitative studies than in quantitative
C. Qualitative research most frequently uses a deductive approach, whereas quantitative research uses an inductive approach.
-Explores/attempts to understand people’s everyday lives – their fundamental “lived” experiences
-Often used to examine understudied or marginalized populations and areas in which little is known
-Data are primarily collected through in-depth interviews
Important to minimize bias
-Grounded in anthropology (field work)
-Describes and interprets culture/cultural behavior
-Autoethnography (if applicable)
-Other- drawings, writings, etc
How will this researcher attempt to minimize bias in the study?
-Rooted in sociology and social interactions
-Attempts to identify concerns/problems and basic social processes involved with how human beings solve or deal with problems
-Focused on generating hypotheses and theories rather than testing them
-Diverse sample (“purposeful sampling”)
-Constant comparative method
-Identify concepts and specify relationships
Which is concerned with the authenticity of the data?
accuracy of data?
accuracy = internal
A. Internal criticism should be considered before external criticism.
B. External criticism should be considered before internal criticism.
C. Both internal and external criticism should be considered simultaneously.
B. groups of people
D. all of the above
D. grounded theory
A. never conducted prior to the beginning of the study
B. sometime conducted prior to the beginning of the study