Sociology 1301

How many prescriptions are written each year in the U.S. for pain pills?
210 million

Name one form of alternative medicine discussed in class.
hypnosis

How many Americans have Alzheimers?
50% of those over 85

Medical Sociology
The systematic study of how humans manage issues of health and illness, disease and disorders, and healthcare for both the sick and the healthy

Contested illnesses
Illnesses that are questioned or considered questionable by some medical professionals

Stigmatization of Illness
Illnesses that are discriminated against and those whose sufferers are looked down upon or even shunned by society

Social Epidemiology
The study of the causes and distribution of diseases.

Anxiety disorders
Feelings of worry and fearfulness that lasts for months at a time

Disability
A reduction in one’s ability to perform everyday tasks, the World Health Organization notes that this is a social limitation

Epidemiology
The study of the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases

Impairment
The physical limitations a less-able person faces

Medicalization
The process by which aspects of life were considered bad or deviant are redefined as sickness and needing medical attention

Mood disorders
Long-term, debilitating illnesses like depression and bipolar disorder

Morbidity
The incidence of disease

Mortality
The number of deaths in a given time or place

Personality disorders
Disorders that cause people to behave in ways that are seen as abnormal to society but seem normal to them

Stereotyoe interchangeability
Stereotypes that don’t change and that get recycled for application to a new subordinate group

Stigmatization
the act of spoiling someone’s identity, they are labeled as different, discriminated against, and sometimes even shunned due to an illness or disability

Individual Mandate
A government rule that requires everyone to have insurance coverage or they will have to pay the penalty

Private Healthcare
Health insurance that a person buys from a private company, private healthcare can either be employer-sponsored or direct-purchase

Public Healthcare
Health insurance that is funded or provided by the government

Socialized Medicine
When the government owns and runs the entire healthcare system

Underinsured
People who spend atleast 10 percent of they income on healthcare costs that are not covered by insurance

Universal Healthcare
A system that guarantees healthcare coverage for everyone

Commodification
The changing of something not generally thought of as a commodity into something that can be bought and sold in a marketplace

Demedicalization
The social process that normalizes “sick” behavior

Legitimation
The act of a physician certifying that an illness is genuine

Medicalization of Deviance
The process that changes “bad” behavior into “sick” behavior

Sick Role
The pattern of expectations that define appropriate behavior

Each culture dictates
What illness are stigmatized and which are considered disabilities and which are not.

components of sick role
excused from responsibilities, held responsible for disability, want to recover, seeks medical help

Obesity, heart disease, and diabetes
More common in high income nations due to sedentary lifestyles and poor diets

Medicare
Federal health program for elderly over 65 and disabled

Medicaid
State program for women and children and some disabled based on income

alternative medicine
Accupunture hypnosis vitamins and herbs and chiropractors and home remedies

Gender
Women 81.2 live longer than men, men 76.4

Race
Blacks and native americans have the worst health care status of all groups

Euthanasia
Inducing the painless death of a person for reasons assumed to be merciful. Dr. Kevorkian. Oregon washington montana vermont california

AIDS
Caused by HIV human immunodeficiency virus

AIDS PERCANTAGE
41% of all people living with AIDS are Black
32% white
20% hispanic

The aging population
14.5% of the population is over 65

young old
65-74

middle old
75-84

old old
85 and over

who are the elderly
78% white 9% black 8% hispanic approximately 60% are women 9% live in poverty

Alzheimers
A type of dementia that effects 50% of those over 85